What are the 5 pillars and what do they mean? The five pillars of Islam of the most important Islamic beliefs and basic practices that is obligatory for every Muslim man and woman in every country in the world. Allah has commanded us and our Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him the importance of following the 5 pillars of Islam and doing it to the fullest and summarized in a famous interview with Gabriel.   The 5 pillars are namely:

  • The doctrine of Islam, faith (shahada).
  • prayer (salah).
  • charity to the poor (alms-giving (zakat).
  • The fasting month of Ramadan (sawm).
  • pilgrimage to Mecca for those estimated (hajj).

Pilars of Islam is an Islamic term, called the 5 pillars upon which the religion of Islam is built, and is indicated by the hadith: “Islam is built on five” and it was mentioned in the Prophetic hadiths in various forms.  Muslim five pillars are Muslim beliefs, that were described as what Islam is built upon as it was narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar and authenticated by Al-Bukhari and Muslims:

    عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال: سمعت رسول الله يقول: «بُني الإسلام على خمس: شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمداً رسول الله، وإقام الصلاة، وإيتاء الزكاة، والحج، وصوم رمضان»

(Islam is built on five things: testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the prophet of Allah, establishing prayer, giving zakat, the fasting month of Ramadan (sawm), and pilgrimage to Mecca for those estimated (hajj). Islam is the approach that Allah has clarified, and it is acceptable to Muslims until they are upright in it and are guided by His guidance, and like any curriculum that exists in the world, Islam came with sound principles that must be adhered to, and they are called the pilars of Islam. And the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) clarified these foundations and mentioned their importance, including It is evidence of Islam and the survival of those who realized it. the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: (Islam is built on 5 pillars), and this is a statement of the greatness of the pilars of Islam, as we all know that a strong building is built on strong pillars, and if it pillars fall or become damaged, it falls and falls. 

What are the 5 pillars of Islam in order?

There are many hadiths about the five pillars of Islam that we spoke of that pilars of Islam are evidence or a sign of faith, but the most famous and the most correct among these hadiths is that Islam is built on five. The Muslim five pillars in order are:

  • The doctrine of Islam, faith (shahada).
  • prayer (salah).
  • charity to the poor (alms-giving (zakat).
  • The fasting month of Ramadan (sawm).
  • pilgrimage to Mecca for those estimated (hajj).

What are the five pillars of Islam? 

The 5 pillars of Islam are as follows:

  • Faith (shahada)

The two testimonies (shahada) are the first pillar of Islam, which is for the person to say: (I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, the One, who has no partner, and that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger(peace be upon him)). It means “there is no god”;  Negating everything that is worshiped besides Allah. As for what is meant by saying “except Allah”;  It is proof of his worship alone – the Almighty.  It’s written in Arabic as follows:

أشْهَدُ أنْ لا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ له، وأنَ محمد عبده و رسول الله 

When saying shahada, which also means that Muslims He denied worshiping anything other than Allah Almighty, in addition to the testimony that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah.

  • prayer (salah)

Prayer is the second pillar of Islam, and it is 5 pillars of obligatory prayers per day and night, and prayer is the pillar of religion.  And it is obligatory for Muslims in all cases. He said – the Highest-:

 (إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا)

And the five daily prayers are the Fajr prayer, the Zuhr prayer, the Asr prayer, the Maghrib prayer, and the Ashia prayer facing Mecca.

  • Alms (zakat)

Zakat which is the third pillar of Islam according to Islamic shariah, Muslims donate a fixed portion of their income to the needy members of society, many rulers and wealthy Muslims build mosques, drinking water, hospitals, schools, and other institutions as a religious duty to earn the blessings associated with Zakat. Allah Almighty says:

 (خُذ مِن أَموالِهِم صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُم وَتُزَكّيهِم بِها وَصَلِّ عَلَيهِم إِنَّ صَلاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَهُم وَاللَّـهُ سَميعٌ عَليمٌ).

  • Fasting (sawm)

Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam. Allah has ordered us to fast the month of Ramadan which is the ninth month of the Islamic Hijri calendar. All healthy adult Muslims are required to abstain from food and drink and from everything that Allah has forbidden during the month of Ramadan, where Muslim’s fast starts from the Fajr and breakfast after the prayer of Maghrib.  Allah Almighty says:

(يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ).

  • Pilgrimage (hajj)

Allah Almighty says:

(وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا).

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam, and it is to the Kaaba (House of Allah) at Makkah once in a lifetime. Anything more than that is voluntary, and the premise of Hajj is restricted by conditions. Every Muslim must be in good health and financial condition through which he can make at least one visit to the city of Makkah al-Mukarramah. The Hajj is performed on the eighth and twelfth days of the last month (the month of Dhul-Hijjah) of the Islamic calendar.

What are the basic pillars of Islam?

Many Hadiths show the pillars of Islam as a guide or faith mark, and what our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ordered to transmit to the tribes, and do not remember most of the hadith of Hajj, and respond to the 5 pillars of Islam received before becoming Hajj is obligatory, and mentions a recent delegation of Abdul Qais (a modern debugger and the famous «  to give the five after prize »does not mention the Hajj, and talk about Lance was the son of accession alopecia asking, he recalled his prayer and Zakat Muhammad (peace be upon him) did not mention the Hajj.

The basic pillars of Islam

  • The declaration of faith (shahada).
  • prayer (salah).
  • Alms-giving (zakat).
  • Fasting (sawm).
  • pilgrimage (hajj):

But Hajj is not explicitly mentioned in many hadiths, but it is one of the five pillars of Islam. 

What are the 6 pillars of Iman?

Faith or Iman in the Arabic language means the affirmation of something and compliance with it. Accordingly, faith is an affirmation and not just an Iman, Acknowledgment includes the words of the heart, which is faith, and the actions of the heart, which is compliance.

The 6 pillars of Iman

  • Tawheed

The belief in the existence of the oneness of Allah. Tawheed is the first and most important pillar. Believe in Allah and that Allah is the one and believe that there is only one Allah worthy of worship, not a partner, and this concept is called Tawheed. Also, it is to fully believe in the way described in the Quran and Sunnah and the Quran, 99 names. Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an as in Surah Ikhlas:

“قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ، اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ ، لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ”

  • Belief in the existence of Angels

The second pillar is the belief and faith in Allah’s angels, Not his children as some might think. Allah created the angels from light and created by Allah to worship Allah. Angels do not sleep, eat or suffer from diseases. It is important to believe in angels because they keep a record of our business. Some of the other duties of angles include: blowing the trumpet on the Day of Resurrection(Alqiama), with the lives of the people (ie the angel of death), and being the keepers of heaven and hell. Allah confirmed the importance of this pillar in the Holy Qur’an as He says in Surah An-Nisa: “يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ آمِنُواْ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِيَ أَنزَلَ مِن قَبْلُ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلالاً بَعِيدًا”

  • Belief in the Quran

The third pillar is to believe in the books of Allah that the Messengers deliver to the nations. Allah sent down the Books to His Messengers as guidance and proof of humanity. Among these Qur’anic books, what was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him) In the Qur’an, as He says in Surah Al-Hijr:

“إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ”

  • Belief in Allah’s messengers and that Muhammad is the last of them

The fourth pillar of faith is in all the prophets and messengers from Allah, and that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last of them. Most of Allah’s messengers have been sent to a specific nation, but the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was sent to guide mankind(all people). Allah mentioned that in the Holy Qur’an as He says in Surah An-Nahl:

“وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولاً أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُواْ الطَّاغُوتَ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلالَةُ فَسِيرُواْ فِي الأَرْضِ فَانظُرُواْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ”

  • Belief in the Day of Judgment (AlQiama)

Allah and His Messenger, peace be upon him Said about death, and Muslims bear witness to the fact that everything is for Allah, everything will die, but Allah. Allah did not create his creation in vain, and he created men and jinn to worship Him and promised paradise as a reward for those who obey Him and His messengers, and the fire of hell, and I returned to those who disobey Allah or messengers. Allah described justice of the judgment day in the Holy Qur’an as He says in Surah Al-Anbya:

“وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَازِينَ الْقِسْطَ لِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا وَإِن كَانَ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ أَتَيْنَا بِهَا وَكَفَى بِنَا حَاسِبِينَ”

  • Belief in the Qadhaa and Qadr (Doom and Divine Decree)

Death (Qadhaa) is the general decree of Allah that every man dies, while fate (Qadr) is a special decree of Allah or the implementation of Qadhaa, that a particular person is to die at a certain time and a certain place.   Thus, considering this pillar involves the belief that Allah has created all things and foreordained what proper measure.

How do treat kids’ anger problems in Islam? 

We do not see our anger spells and hear ourselves, especially when dealing with our children. We shout, scream, and say things that have great meanings in the adult world, but these words and screaming are like shooting and verbal bullets and leave children injured. We have to be patient during bouts of screaming children and give them their space personal and learn how to deal with children during bouts of screaming as follows:

  • precious honesty

You have to think that our children are Allah’s trust us, so you have to preserve it even from any sadness or upset. We don’t own ourselves, as it is Allah’s trust as well. We must control ourselves when angry because our children do not fault that.

  • Know your triggers and work on the underlying issues

You can try to know what happens to get to tantrums, when your children screaming starts crying leave them crying and don’t press it doesn’t scream in their face, but you should look behind it and solve the problem from the root, so you can that it doesn’t happen once other and thus reduce the tantrums children to fade. 

  • Understand their brain development

Hence, we learn to think and understand how to think about our children and what natural brain development, because when we get to this point, we can solve the mystery, the children who are in situations of screaming need passion you have to leave it a few minutes and then calm him down and understand their feelings don’t wait for them to express their understanding of such adults, they are still young children can not express their feelings, and this tantrums skip and understand the development of your children.

  • You are responsible for the children before Allah

You are responsible for raising them and making them good and polite children because adults are role models for young. Their education is up to you, you start with the teachings of Islamic studies for kids online  and the most important thing to learn is the pillars of Islam for kids to understand the meaning of Islam, by making them attend online Islamic studies for kids. 


At the end of our article 5 pillars, I want to remind you that thefive pillars of Islam are one of the most important pillars of the Islamic religion which is the building of Islam. If there are no pillars of Islam, the religion will be torn down, and it becomes no pillars. You have to learn your children Islam as in Islamic studies for kids online and teach them the pillars of Islam for kids to be established on the teaching of Islam and the Holy Quran.  We have to control tantrums and our children do not cry in their face and learn how to think to be good and healthy, and adults should contain children with all their emotions.  Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “He is not one of us who shows no mercy to younger ones and does not acknowledge the honor due to our elders”. [Riyad as-Salihin].   Do you want your kids to learn more about Online Islamic studies  Classes? Sign up for  Rahman School’s (online Quran school ) Online Islamic studies Classes program and watch them dive deeper into the Quran science and learn the Holy Book of Allah. Rahman School’s Arabic classes, Quran classes, Islamic studies class, Quran tajweed class, ijazah Quran and let your children learn the accurate Quran recitation and word pronunciation even if Arabic is not their first language. Quran teaching in Rahman School is fun as well as structured, they’ll learn with eLearning Quran; Our Quran teacher, Arabic teacher, Islamic Studies teacher, and tajweed teacher,  ( Islamic school ) will be their friends during this amazing journey. online Quran classes for kids learning can be challenging if you’re seeking it for your kids. Rahman School offers you a wide variety of topics to teach your children online. Rahman School experienced live tutors ( male teacher & female teacher ). They have many years of experience in Teaching Arabic online and the Quran online to non-Arabic speakers. Whether it’s Quran online, Arabic online, Tajweed, Ijazah, tajwid al Quran, and Islamic Studies. Rahman School has your back with professional Quran tutors who are willing to go further with your kids’ education. With an attractive interface and well-structured lessons, Rahman School gives you and your children the chance to learn with al Rahman school who are going to be your kids’ new friends, accompanying them in their learning process and encouraging them to learn more.