Zayd ibn harithah, a Muslim companion and military leader, was a protégé of the Prophet Muhammad, and the Prophet Muhammad had adopted him before his mission. 

Zayd ibn Haritha witnessed many of the conquests of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as sent him as a commander in a number of companies. 

Zayd ibn harith was martyred in the Battle of Mutah, the leader of the Muslim army, in front of an army of Byzantines and Ghassanids that outnumbered the Muslims.

when was zayd ibn haritha born?

Zaid ibn haritha was born in the Arabian Peninsula, in the year 43 BC.

Who was Zayd to Prophet Muhammad?

One day, Zaid’s mother, Saadi, took Zaid with her to visit her family. During this visit, zayd ibn al harith was kidnapped and sold in a market; It is the Okaz market, and it was small, and it was bought by Hakim bin Hizam.

And he gave it to his aunt Khadija bint Khuwaylid – may Allah be pleased with her – and it is said that she bought it from the Okaz market.

After Khadija married the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – she gave him zayd ibn al harith.

Was Zayd ibn harithah the first male Muslim?

Yea, after the revelation, was revealed to the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – the Prophet began to invite his family and the closest people to him.

And zayd ibn harithah was the adopted son of the Messenger of Allah at the time. In general, he was the third person to embrace Islam. 

Where he embraced Islam after Khadija and Ali bin Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with them both – but in particular, he was the first of the loyalists to embrace Islam.

was zayd ibn harithah black?

One of the characteristics of the companion Zayd ibn Haritha is brown skin.

Why was Zayd mentioned in the Quran?

The great companion zayd ibn harith is the only companion mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, and he was mentioned in Surah Al-Ahzab in his saying – the Most High:

  • (فَلَمَّا قَضَى زَيْدٌ مِنْهَا وَطَراً زَوَّجْنَاكَهَا لِكَيْ لا يَكُونَ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ حَرَجٌ فِي أَزْوَاجِ أَدْعِيَائِهِمْ إِذَا قَضَوْا مِنْهُنَّ وَطَراً وَكَانَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ مَفْعُولاً)

Allah Almighty mentioned zaid ibn haritha in the Qur’an to nullify one of the customs of the pre-Islamic era, which is the custom of adoption. 

The Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, had adopted him, and married him to the daughter of his paternal aunt Zainab bint Jahsh.

And after Islam abolished adoption, Allah Almighty commanded Zaid to divorce his wife Zainab, and to marry the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.

Zaid was calling Zaid bin Muhammad, and the love of the Messenger of Allah, and he chose the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – over his father. 

From Zainab, daughter of Jahsh, whose name Allah Almighty has made clear at the beginning of the verse; To glorify him and appreciate him.

WHO adopted Zaid bin Haritha?

The origin of the great companion zayd ibn al harith goes back to the Levant, and he was in the past free Ibn Ahrar until a group of the Tihama tribe kidnapped him and sold him in the slave market in the Hijaz.

And thus Zaid became a slave, and Hakim bin Hizam, the nephew of Lady Khadija bint Khuwaylid – may Allah be pleased with him May Allah bless her – by buying it from the slave market, and giving it to his aunt Khadija.

Lady Khadija – may Allah be pleased with her – was at that time the wife of the Messenger of Allah, so she gave Zaid to her husband.

And after that, the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and kindly favored Zaid and freed him, and after liberating him he adopted him.

Until he became called Zaid bin Muhammad, and that was before the descent of The verse prohibiting adoption.

Zaid bin Haritha – may Allah be pleased with him – the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – preferred his father and his family.

When his father learned of the presence of his son in Mecca, he went to the Prophet to ransom his son, and at that time the Prophet gave Zaid the choice.

Between staying in Mecca and staying in his house, and between He returned with his father to the Levant, at which time he chose to stay with the Messenger of Allah.

Who is the only Sahabi whose name is mentioned in the Quran?

The only companion mentioned in the Holy Qur’an by his name is zayd ibn harithah, in the verse that abolished the old custom of adoption.

Zayd ibn Harithah Hadith

Among the hadiths reported by the great companion Zayd ibn Haritha, are the following:

  • I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said: O Messenger of Allah, send my brother Zaid with me. 

Zaid said: O Messenger of Allah, by Allah, I do not choose anyone over you. He said: I saw my brother’s opinion better than mine.

قَدِمْتُ على رسولِ اللَّهِ صلَّى اللَّهُ علَيهِ وسلَّمَ فقُلتُ: يا رسولَ اللَّهِ ابعَث معي أخي زيدًا قالَ: هوَ ذا، فإن انطلقَ معَكَ لم أمنَعهُ. قالَ زيدٌ: يا رسولَ اللَّهِ، واللَّهِ لا أختارُ عليكَ أحدًا، قالَ: فرأيتُ رأيَ أخي أفضلَ مِن رأيي.

Zayd ibn Harithah facts

He is zayd ibn harith bin Sharaheel, and he is from an Arab Qahtaniyah tribe, and he is the love and patronage of the Messenger of Allah, whom the Mother of the Believers Khadija bint Khuwaylid.

May Allah be pleased with her – gave him when he asked her, and the Prophet freed him and adopted him before Islam until he became known as Zaid bin Muhammad.

And the reason for this adoption is that when he was given a choice between his father and the Messenger of Allah, he chose the Messenger of Allah and said to him. 

I am not the one who chooses over you, you are the father and the uncle, and he remained called Zaid bin Muhammad until the adoption was forbidden.

And the noble verse was revealed:

  • “Call upon them for their fathers, for it is fairest in the sight of Allah. If you did not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in religion.” and your masters, and there is no blame on you for what you erred, but what your hearts deliberately do, and it is unjust.

 {ادْعُوهُمْ لِآَبَائِهِمْ هُوَ أَقْسَطُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ فَإِن لَّمْ تَعْلَمُوا آبَاءَهُمْ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَمَوَالِيكُمْ ۚ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا أَخْطَأْتُم بِهِ وَلَٰكِن مَّا تَعَمَّدَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا}.

Zaid ibn haritha was the second convert to Islam, and the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – married him to Zainab bint Jahsh, who accepted him out of modesty from the Messenger of Allah.

His name was explicitly mentioned in the Noble Qur’an. Thus, Zayd returned to his first name, and the Prophet – may Allah bless him.

And grant him peace – made a brotherhood between Zaid and Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib. Zaid was short and brown, and his nose was flat.

In addition to zayd ibn al harith participated in all the battles from the Battle of Badr to Mu’tah, in which he was martyred. His courage, sacrifices, and heroism were famous among the Companions. 

And when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out on the Al-Muraisy mission. He was appointed as his deputy in Medina. 

This is how the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appreciated his prudence and his ability to manage.

Zayd ibn Harithah Quran

The great companion zayd ibn al harith was mentioned in the Almighty’s saying:

  • “And when you said to the one on whom Allah has bestowed grace and you have bestowed upon him, hold your husband to you and fear Allah and fear Him.
  • And you fear people, and Allah has more right for you to fear Him. When Zayd had fulfilled some of it, we married her.
  • So that there will be no embarrassment for the believers in the pairs of their claims if they have eliminated some of them”.

{وَإِذْ تَقول لِلَّذِي أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْسِكْ عَلَيْكَ زَوْجَكَ وَاتَّقِ اللَّهَ وَتخْفِي فِي نَفْسِكَ مَا اللَّه مبْدِيهِ. وَتَخْشَى النَّاسَ وَاللَّهُ أَحَقّ أَن تَخْشَاهُ ۖ فَلَمَّا قَضَىٰ زَيْد مِّنْهَا وَطَرًا زَوَّجْنَاكَهَا لِكَيْ لَا يَكونَ عَلَى الْمؤْمِنِينَ حَرَجٌ فِي أَزْوَاجِ أَدْعِيَائِهِمْ إِذَا قَضَوْا مِنْهنَّ وَطَرًا ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْر اللَّهِ مَفْعولًا}.

At the end of the article, we point out that zayd ibn harithah was one of the most important companions who had a great role in the Islamic call and its dissemination, accompanied by the Prophet Muhammad.

May Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Zayd ibn Haritha continued to preach and fight wars and battles, in addition to zayd ibn harith was martyred in the Battle of Mutah because of the large number of the Roman army in the battle.

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