He is: “Uthman ibn Affan bin Abi Al-Aas bin Umayyah bin Abd Shams bin Abd Manaf bin Qusay bin Kilab bin Murrah bin Ka`b bin Louay bin Ghalib bin Fahr bin Malik bin Al-Nadr, and he is Quraish bin Kinana bin Khuzayma bin Madrakah bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Maad bin Adnan. His lineage meets the proportions of the Prophet Muhammad in Abd Manaf.

The third of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, one of the ten missionaries of Paradise, and among the predecessors to Islam. He was nicknamed Dhul-Nourain because he married two of the daughters of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad, where he married Ruqayyah, and after her death, he married Umm Kulthum.

Caliph uthman ibn affan ( Arabic: عثمان بن عفان ) was the first immigrant to the land of Abyssinia to preserve Islam, then all the other immigrants followed him to the land of Abyssinia. Then he emigrated the second migration to Medina.

The Messenger of Allah trusted him, loved him, and honored him for his modesty, morals, good behavior, and the money he used to support the Muslims and those who believed in Allah. 

He gave him the good tidings of Paradise like Abu Bakr, Omar, Ali, and the rest of the ten, and told him that he would die a martyr.

when was uthman ibn affan born?

Khalifa uthman ibn affan was born in Taif, and it was said in Makkah in the year 576 AD, six years after the Year of the Elephant.

His mother, Arwa bint Kreiz, gave birth to him, as well as his sister Amna bint Affan. After the death of his father, Affan, his mother married Uqbah bin Abi Muait Al-Qurashi and bore him three sons and a daughter.

They are Al-Waleed bin Uqba, Khalid bin Uqba, Umarah bin Uqba, and Umm Kulthum bint Uqbah, they are Othman’s brothers to his mother.

how did uthman ibn affan die?

Uthman had been appointed caliph for twelve years, and the events of sedition had begun in the second half of his tenure, which led to his martyrdom. 

The prosperity of his reign and its impact on society, the nature of social transformation, and the emergence of a new generation other than that of the Companions were among the causes of that sedition.

In addition to rumors, and pre-Islamic fanaticism, one of the most important reasons is to fight the hypocrites, as they found someone who would listen to them.

And according to the belief of the Sunnis that the main mastermind of the sedition was Abdullah bin Saba, who was a Jew and showed Islam during the era of Othman.

Moreover, some of them worked to besiege caliph uthman in his house and forged a book in which he stated that he wanted to kill them after he had given them safety for themselves.

Which was rejected by uthman and ordered that no one raise the sword to defend him and that no one be killed because of him, for he knew that they did not want anyone else.

So he thought that he should guard against the believers, and he wanted to protect them himself, knowing that this sedition was killing him.

And on the authority of Abdullah bin Hawala that the Messenger of Allah Muhammad said: “He who is saved from three has been saved, three times: my death, the Antichrist, and the killing of a Caliph who is steadfast in the right of the one who gave him the right.”

On the authority of Ibn Umar, he said: “The Messenger of Allah mentioned a trial, and a man passed by and said: “This masked person will be killed on that day unjustly.” He said: So I looked and saw that he was khalifa uthman.

how was uthman ibn affan killed?

The rebels attacked Uthman’s house and that day four of the Quraysh youths were wounded and four of them were killed. 

Then they attacked Uthman ibn Affan and killed him while he was reading in the Qur’an, and blood appeared on the saying of the Highest:

That was on Friday, corresponding to the 18th of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, 35 AH, and he was eighty-two years old, and he was buried on Saturday night between sunset and dinner in Hash Kawkab, which he had purchased and expanded in al-Baqi’.

who killed uthman ibn Affan?

The sayings of historians and the narrations contained in the identification of the person who killed Uthman ibn Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, differed, and he was accused of killing caliph uthman ibn affan

many people.

But some of the narrations that were received are reprehensible and weak, and some are acceptable and true, and many authentic narrations indicate that the killer of uthman is a black man from the people of Egypt.

And they differed in determining his identity and name, so some of them went to the fact that his name is Jabla or a donkey, and this narration was received from Kinana Mawla Safiya – may Allah be pleased with her – and it was transmitted from him by Muhammad bin Talha and others.

Moreover, some narrated that the killer was the Jew Abdullah bin Saba because he came with the Egyptians and he was called Ibn Al-Sawda’.

In summary: The killer of khalifa uthman ibn affan is a black-skinned man from Egypt, and it is most likely that he was from Banu Sudus, but the narrations did not reveal his name, but his nickname was Jibla because his skin was black, and he was also called the black death, and Allah Almighty knows best.

why was uthman ibn affan killed?

The killing of the companion uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – had many causes; Some of them are considered a direct cause, and some are indirect, and he explains that as follows:

1- Social transformation and the expansion of the Islamic state.

Which included many cities and many of the races subject to them, Othman ruled the Islamic state after it transformed from a limited-scale state based in Medina, and ruling the Arabian Peninsula.

To a global state whose authority extends to include the Mamluks of the Roads, the Levant, Egypt, Africa, Armenia, Persia, and some of the islands of the Mediterranean, which led to the emergence of some individual ambitions.

2- The advent of Uthman after Omar, may Allah be pleased with him

The advent of the caliphate of the companion caliph uthman

– may Allah be pleased with him – after the succession of the companion Omar bin Al-Khattab – may Allah be pleased with him – showed the difference of natures between them.

 Omar – may Allah be pleased with him – was strong in decency, severe in accounting for himself and for those under his hand, and Othman was naturally gentle and insomnia; Those reasons were a prelude to the enemies of Allah to kill the companion khalifa uthman – may Allah be pleased with him -.

3- Amr ibn al-Aas dismissed

Among the reasons that led to the killing of  Uthman ibn Affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was.

The companion Amr bin Al-Aas – may Allah be pleased with him – was removed from the mandate of Egypt, and caliph uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was replaced by Abdullah bin Saad bin Abi Sarh.

When khalifa uthman ibn affan relieved him of the mandate of Egypt, Abdullah bin Saad bin Abi Sarh replaced him, and the uthman– may Allah be pleased with him.

Sent a message to the companion Amr bin Al-Aas – may Allah be pleased with him – telling him to come to Medina, so he heard and obeyed the Caliph.

He had in himself about the caliph uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – to say a lot, and some disagreement broke out between them.

A group of people in Egypt were resenting the khalifa uthman – may Allah be pleased with him -; Because of his dismissal of the Companions and the assumption of others.

Who are less than them, and the hatred of the people of Egypt for Abdullah bin Saad bin Abi Sarh; Because he was busy fighting the people of Morocco and the land of the Berbers.

4-  Some sought to corrupt the people over the Caliph

There was a sect in Egypt that corrupted the people against the khalifa uthman– may Allah be pleased with him -; Until a group of people mobilized to go to Medina on the grounds that they are performing Umrah in the month of Rajab.

And that is to deny the Uthman ibn Affan– may Allah be pleased with him – and the Caliph ordered the great companion Ali bin Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with him – to go out to them, and return them to where they came from.

5- Abdullah bin Saba and his role in that

Among the reasons that helped kill caliph uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him -; That a man named Abdullah bin Saba was of the Jewish religion from the people of Sanaa.

Then converted to Islam during the time of the khalifa uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him – and he was moving between Muslim countries.

The enemy of Allah was trying to mislead the people, and he gathered a number of corrupt people around him, and he was urging them to go to Medina.

To stir up sedition among Muslims; Alleging that the uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – took the caliphate unjustly, many Bedouins joined him.

are there any hadiths narrated by uthman ibn affan?

Caliph uthman – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated a large number of prophetic hadiths on the authority of the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family – and the number of his narrations was counted 92.

how long did uthman ibn affan rule?

The duration of the caliphate of the Rashidi khalifa uthman – may Allah be pleased with him and his approval – is twelve years, and it was said only twelve nights.

how rich was uthman ibn affan?

Uthman ibn Affan’s father died during one of his trades to the Levant, and he inherited a lot of money from him and he followed the tradition of his father, so he worked in trade, so his money increased and his wealth expanded.

And he worked in the trade all his life until the caliphate came to him, so he devoted himself to its affairs, and in addition to his wealth and prestige, he was a reader and writer and knew the knowledge of the Arabs in the pre-Islamic era, such as genealogy, proverbs, and wars.

Caliph uthman ibn affan was above the bad habits of the Jahiliyyah, and he was known for his modesty, chastity, and the purity of his heart and hand, and he did not prostrate to an idol in the Jahiliyyah, and he never committed indecency.

Khalifa uthman ibn affan was also famous for his very large wealth, as uthman, may Allah be pleased with him, used to free slaves with his money and give his money to charity to equip the Muslim armies.

And he used to buy wells and give them alms to the Muslims. caliph uthman, may Allah be pleased with him, is the closest companion in character to the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

what was uthman ibn affan known for?

The title of our master khalifa uthman by many titles, and he was also known for many characteristics, including the following:

1- Dhul-Nourain

Uthman ibn Affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was called Dhul-Nourain because of his marriage to the two daughters of the Messenger of Allah.

May Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum – may Allah be pleased with them both – and it is not known that anyone but him married the two daughters of a prophet.

His marriage to them was after Ruqayya divorced Utbah bin Abi Lahab, and Umm Kulthum Otaiba bin Abi Lahab, after the revelation of Surah Al-Masd and before they entered into it, a dignity for them from Allah – the Highest.

So caliph uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him – hurried after hearing the news of the divorce of Ruqayyah – may Allah be pleased with her – with her engagement to the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – so he married her to him.

2- The owner of the two migrations

The title of khalifa uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him as the owner of the two migrations; Where it came on the authority of the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him.

That he said: “Allah, Glory be to Him, has sent Muhammad, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, with the truth, and He sent down the Book to him, and you were in love with him.

His first migration was to Abyssinia with his wife Ruqayyah – may Allah be pleased with her – and they were among the first Muslims to migrate there. As for his second migration, it was to Medina.

3- Osman is famous for his modesty

Uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – was distinguished by noble manners, especially the manner of modesty, which was known and famous, and it is one of the characteristics of the angels.

4- Spend it for the sake of Allah

Caliph uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – was famous for spending a lot in the cause of Allah – the Highest – and this shows several situations, including the following:

  • Equipping the Al-Usra Army, when the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.

Called his companions to prepare the army heading to Tabuk, so Othman – may Allah be pleased with him – hastened to pay one thousand dinars to the Messenger of Allah, and he gave in charity nine hundred camels and one hundred horses.

  • Expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque, as the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – had invited his companions.

 To buy a plot of land next to his mosque in order to expand it and increase its area, due to the increase in the number of Muslims. that.

  •  Digging a well in Rumah.

what was uthman ibn affan real name?

He is Othman bin Affan bin Abi Al-Aas bin Umayya, his lineage – may Allah be pleased with him – meets the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – in Abd Manaf, his mother is Arwa bint Kreez.

when did uthman ibn affan died?

Khalifa uthman died in the thirty-five (35) AH.

who did uthman ibn affan marry first?

Uthman ibn Affan betrothed Ruqayya to the Prophet’s daughter from her father and married her, and she bore him Abdullah, and she emigrated with him to Abyssinia, then he returned with her to Mecca.

After that, caliph uthman ibn affan took her and emigrated to Medina, and in the second year of the Hijrah, Ruqayya fell ill, and when the time of the Battle of Badr came, the Messenger of Allah kept him with his wife to nurse and take care of her.

The Messenger of Allah and his companions did not return from the battle except that she had moved to the mercy of her Lord, so the Messenger of Allah grieved greatly.

Then in the third year of the Hijrah he married her sister Umm Kulthum, who had not married anyone before him and had no children for him, and she also died with him.

What was Uthman ibn Affan known for?

Khalifa uthman ibn affan – may Allah be pleased with him – is characterized by his average stature; 

He is neither short nor tall, and his face is beautiful, and the hair of his head and beard is thick, and he – may Allah be pleased with him – used to polish his teeth with gold.

On his cheeks, there is a red blush, and his arms are covered with hair, which is Hassan Al-Mubassum – may Allah be pleased with him -. Othman bin Affan – may Allah be pleased with him – was also characterized by many good qualities and morals, including:

  • Science: He was one of the leading scholars of the Companions in many sciences; such as the Noble Qur’an, the honorable Sunnah of the Prophet, jurisprudence, and the judiciary.

And he was keen to follow the example of the Messenger of Allah and the Rightly Guided Caliphs after him; This is due to his adherence to the Messenger of Allah.

He took knowledge from him and benefited from it in all areas of life, and this is evident through his sermon in which he urged renunciation.

Of this world and turn to Allah – the Highest – and also from the hadiths that he narrated on the authority of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him -.

  • Dream: It is the foundation upon which wisdom rests. He – may Allah be pleased with him – was a good example in dreaming.

This is evidenced by many situations in which his dream was manifested, and the matter that prompted him to do so was his keenness to preserve Muslims from temptation, and his longing to meet Allah – the Highest.

  • Tolerance and leniency: He was a great example of abandoning this world and generosity, and giving preference to others over himself.

As he was characterized by leniency in compliance with the words of Allah – the Highest -: Allah is Muhammad, so people loved him and accepted him.

  • Forgiveness: It is one of the attributes that characterize true men, which indicates abandoning the desires and desires of the soul.

Abandoning this world, and raising the status of its owner with Allah – the Highest – in the hereafter.

  • Humility: It is one of the characteristics of the servants of Allah, He – the Highest – said: (And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they are ignorant).

 This characteristic of Uthman is the result of his devotion to Allah – the Highest -, as he used to serve himself without waking any of his servants when he rose at night to pray, and he says that the night is for them to rest in.

  • Modesty and chastity: He was known for his shyness, and he was one of the most modest of people.

So he did not put his clothes on to wash even though he was alone, and that was because of his severe modesty, as he was chaste in the soul, far from bad morals even before he entered Islam.

  • Generosity: He bought the well of Rumah and gave it in charity to the Muslims, he prepared the Muslim army in the Battle of Al-Usrah, and he expanded the Prophet’s Mosque.

And gave charity to a loaded caravan during the era of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, he freed a slave every Friday, and he was the most generous of people with goodness.

  • Courage: He witnessed all the invasions with the Messenger of Allah except on the day of Badr, and that was by order of the Messenger of Allah.

And he went to the Quraysh to invite them to Islam despite his knowledge of the harm that would befall him.

  • Al-Hazm: Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq described him as such when he invited him to Islam, so he said to him: “Woe to you, O Othman! You are a firm man, the truth is not hidden from you.”
  • Patience and justice: He has patience, counted, and presented himself in redemption for the defense of Islam and its people, and until he returns the sedition.

From the Muslims and preserves their unity, adhering to the words of Allah -the Almighty -: (Those who said to them that the people have gathered for you, and they have gathered for you.

So they have gathered for you, and he – may Allah be pleased with him – was tender-hearted, very generous, often fasted and prayed, and people would turn to him because of their love for him.

  • Facilitating the debtor from him by forfeiting the debt on his behalf: Just as the debt of Talha bin Ubaid Allah was forfeited when he came to him to return his money to him, and said to him: “He is a help for you in your chivalry.”
  • Feeding food: He used to put food in the mosque during Ramadan for those who wanted to eat from it. 

Who was Uthman Ibn Affan to Muhammad?

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, trusted caliph uthman, loved him, and honored him for his modesty, gentleness of manners, and good behavior.

And the money he spent to support the Muslims. He gave him the glad tidings of Paradise like Abu Bakr, Omar, Ali, and the rest of the ten people.

He told him that he would die a martyr. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him) appointed him.

As the successor to Madinah in his expedition to Dhat al-Raqqa and Ghatfan, he was loved by the Quraysh, and he was gentle, tender-hearted, and a lot of benevolent.

The relationship between him and Abu Bakr, Umar, and Ali were very good, and he was not one of the preachers, and he was the most knowledgeable of the companions in rituals, a memorizer of the Qur’an, and he was not as austere as Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, but rather he ate soft food.

The position of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, towards Uthman bin Affan in the Battle of Tabuk

The Messenger of Allah, khalifa uthman, left his wife Ruqayyah in the Battle of Badr to nurse her.

As for the pledge of allegiance to Al-Radwan, he was at that time sent by the Messenger of Allah to Makkah Al-Mukarramah.

To invite them to Islam, the Messenger of Allah received news that Othman had been killed, so the Messenger of Allah called his companions to pledge allegiance to al-Radwan as a victory for Uthman – may Allah be pleased with him.

At the last moment before beginning the pledge of allegiance, he knew that this news was a rumor, but he completed the pledge because it was good.

So the Messenger of Allah extended his right hand and said: “This is the hand of Uthman,” and struck with his other hand and said, “This is for Uthman.”

The pledge of allegiance was called by this name; Because Allah – the Highest – is pleased with those who pledged allegiance to the Messenger of Allah in it. 

He – the Highest – said: (Allah is pleased with the believers when they swear allegiance to you under the tree).

It was forbidden for them to enter Hellfire, and Uthman bin Affan purchased the well of Rumah, which was owned by a Jewish man, for twenty thousand dirhams, and made it a charity for Muslims to benefit from.

He contributed with the Messenger of Allah and his companions to the preparation of the army for the Battle of Al-Usra, so he offered three hundred camels and a thousand dirhams.

Which none of the companions offered, so the Messenger of Allah said: (Othman did not harm what he did after today).

And he kept repeating it, and when the Prophet saw that the Prophet’s Mosque could no longer accommodate the numbers of Muslims coming to it.

For the five daily prayers, to listen to the sermons of the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and attend the gatherings of knowledge and the launching of armies of invasions from it.

He also wanted to buy land near the mosque and annex it to it, so he told his companions: (Whoever buys a plot of land for so-and-so will increase it in the mosque with something better for him in Paradise), Othman bought it – may Allah be pleased with him.

What did Uthman do to the Quran?

After the death of the Prophet Muhammad, the Qur’an was collected into one Qur’an by order of the first caliph Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq.

When the companion Hudhaifah bin Al-Yaman noticed the differences among Muslims in recitation, and some of these differences were mixed with melody, he informed the Caliph of this, so Uthman ibn Affan ordered that the Qur’an be compiled in one letter.

And he sent to Hafsa bint Omar to allow him to use the Qur’an in her possession to collect the Qur’an from it and ordered Uthman to copy several copies of the Qur’an.

To standardize the reading and order that it be distributed to Muslim countries, he also ordered the execution of anything that contradicts this Qur’an.

Caliph uthman ibn affan also formed a committee to write the Qur’an, comprising: Zaid bin Thabit, Abdullah bin Al-Zubayr, Saeed bin Al-Aas, and Abdul Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham.

He ordered them to copy the Qur’an from it, and said: “If you and Zaid bin Thabit disagree about anything from the Qur’an, write it in the language of the Quraish, for it was revealed in their tongue.”

The collection and copying of the Qur’an began at the end of the year 24 AH and the beginning of the year 25 AH, and the period that the committee took to write the Qur’an was not dated in the books of historians.

The Quran of uthman has great merit in facilitating the memorization and recitation of the Noble Qur’an, warding off the strife and disagreement that occurred between the readers, and eliminating the melody of reciting the verses of the Noble Qur’an.

The Quran of uthman also preserved for Muslims the arrangement of the surahs and verses as they are now, in addition to stopping the Qur’an on the Ottoman drawing.

What was Uthman ibn Affan nickname?

The great companion khalifa uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him – had several benign qualities that dominated his personality.

And he – may Allah be pleased with him – was a lot of charity, as he was one of the rich Muslims and he used to read and recite the Holy Qur’an a lot, and from what was called uthman

caliph uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – with him:

1- Dhul-Nurain: khalifa uthman – may Allah be pleased with him – was called Dhul-Nurain because he married two daughters of the Messenger – may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

And they are Umm Kulthum – may Allah be pleased with her – and after her death, he married her sister Ruqayyah – may Allah be pleased with her – and he was the only one. Who married two daughters of a prophet, one after the other.

2- The Third Rightly-Guided Caliphs: Uthman ibn Affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was called the Third Rightly-Guided Caliphs because he was the guardian of the caliphate after Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq and Omar Ibn Al-Khattab – may Allah be pleased with them both.

characteristics of uthman ibn affan

There are distinctive characteristics of caliph uthman ibn affan, which are:

1- Characteristics of Othman bin Affan

Khalifa uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was a quarter man; Any middle between long and short, and he had a bushy beard.

That is, great and numerous, he – may Allah be pleased with him – was yellowing and dying his beard, as he was the great karadis; What is meant by it is all two bones that meet at a great joint between the shoulders

As for his hair, it was very curly, and he – may Allah be pleased with him – was finer. That is, his nose is long and sharp.

Of his hare and the hump in the middle, and he was the most sympathetic of the two men, that is, far apart, and his legs were huge, and his arms were long.

What is meant by the bridle is: the combination of hair on the head, and uthman– may Allah be pleased with him – had a beautiful face. 

It was narrated that some of the followers said about him, due to the intensity of his goodness: “I saw caliph uthman– may Allah be pleased with him -, and I never saw a male.

2- Moral traits of Othman bin Affan

khalifa uthman – may Allah be pleased with him – was distinguished, like all the companions, by his strong character and good manners. Among the most important of these characteristics are the following:

  • Generosity as he was generous and generous, never stingy, and his hand was generous to the poor and needy.

There is much evidence in his biography on that, perhaps the most important of which is what he did in preparing the army during the Battle of Al-Usrah.

When the people were in great distress, he also bought land near the mosque of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – for its expansion.

Among his attitudes that indicate the greatness of his generosity is his purchase of a well called Rumah in Medina, and its owner used to sell water to people from it.

So the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – wanted those who bought it that he would have Paradise.

So uthman hastened to buy half of the well on the condition that it would be a day for its owner and a day for Uthman to benefit from the Muslims.

And it remained so until the death of the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him -. During the era of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab – may God be pleased with him.

A caravan came from Syria to Uthman loaded with food and clothing, and merchants crowded to buy it, but he gave it all to the poor Muslims.

  • Modesty khalifa uthman was one of the most shy and shy people, and it was narrated on the authority of Ibn Omar – may Allah be pleased with them.

That the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – was sitting, so Abu Bakr and then Omar entered him and he remained in his form.

Then Uthman entered, straightened his seat, and covered his clothes, and when his wife Aisha asked him about that, the Messenger of God said to her: (Should I not feel ashamed of a man from whom the angels are ashamed).

  • The asceticism that khalifa uthman possessed – may Allah be pleased with him – was not a reason for his arrogance and his attachment to the world.
  • Justice was – may Allah be pleased with him – a just man, and he did not wrong anyone even when he was the Caliph of the Muslims. 

Evidence for the severity of his justice was narrated that he rubbed the ear of a slave of his, so he asked him for retribution and to do with him as he did, for fear of retribution in the Hereafter. 

hadith about uthman ibn affan

Among the hadiths reported on the authority of Uthman ibn Affan:

  • On the authority of Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: The Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, ascended someone with Abu Bakr, Umar and uthman.

And he trembled, and said: “Stay calm – I think he hit him with his foot – for you have no one but a prophet, a truthful person, and two martyrs.”

  • On the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on Hira, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talha, and al-Zubayr.

So the rock moved, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: “Calm down, for you have nothing but a prophet, a friend, or a martyr.” 

uthman ibn affan family tree

1- The lineage of Othman bin Affan

His name is Othman bin Affan bin Abi Al-Aas bin Umayyah bin Abd Shams bin Abd Manaf Al-Qurashi, he meets the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – at Abd Manaf.

And his mother is Arwa bint Kariz bin Rabi’a, and her mother is Umm Hakim Al-Bayda bint Abdul Muttalib, and accordingly his maternal grandmother She is the aunt of the Messenger of Allah.

In the pre-Islamic era, he was called Abu Amr, and when his wife, Ruqayya, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, gave birth to his son Abdullah, he was called by him. Night Prayers, and the Holy Qur’an.

Caliph uthman ibn affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was born in Mecca six years after the Year of the Elephant, and it was said that he was born in Taif, and therefore Othman is younger than the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – by five years.

2- Parents of Othman bin Affan

Othman’s father – may Allah be pleased with him – had gone out on a trade to the Levant, and he died there. 

Uthman, Amina, Rabbit, and their mother Arwa bint Kreiza, who had converted to Islam and died during Uthman’s accession – may God be pleased with him – to the caliphate. His father, died in the pre-Islamic era.

3- Wives of Othman bin Affan

Khalifa uthman ibn affan

– may Allah be pleased with him – married eight women, all of them after Islam, and they are as follows:

  • Ruqayyah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – and gave birth to Abdullah bin Othman.
  • Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, married her after the death of her sister. 
  • Fakhita bint Ghazwan; The sister of Prince Utbah bin Ghazwan, and gave birth to Abdullah the Younger.
  • The mother of Amr bint Jundab is Azadi, and she gave birth to Amr, Khaled, Aban, Omar, and Maryam.
  • Fatima bint Al-Waleed bint Abd Shams bin Al-Mughirah Al-Makhzumiya gave birth to Al-Waleed, Saeed, and Umm Saad.
  • Umm al-Baneen bint Uyaynah bin Hisn al-Faraziah gave birth to Abd al-Malik.
  •  Ramla bint Shaybah bin Rabi’a, the Umayyad, gave birth to Aisha, Aban, and Amr.
  • Naela bint Farafidah Al-Kalbiyeh, was a Christian and converted to Islam before he was consummated with her, and her Islam was good.

4- Sons of Othman bin Affan

 The male children of uthman – may Allah be pleased with him – are nine children from five wives; Abdullah is from Ruqayyah, Abdullah is the youngest from Fakhta bint Ghazwan, Amr, Khaled.

And Aban, Omar is from the mother of Amr bin Jundab, and Al-Waleed, Saeed is from Fatima bint Al-Walid, and Abd al-Malik is from Umm al-Banin.

5- Daughters of Othman bin Affan

As for the female girls, they came from four women; Mary is from the mother of Amr bint Jundab, Umm Saad is from Fatimah bint Al-Waleed bin Abd Shams Al-Makhzumieh, Aisha is from Ramla bint Shayba bin Rabi’a, and Mary is from Na’ila bint Farafidah Al-Kalbeya

facts about uthman ibn affan

Caliph uthman has a great imprint on the history of the Islamic religion, so let’s get acquainted with his most famous heroism:

1- Quran collection

 The Islamic conquests increased after uthman took over the caliphate. Al-Rayy, Andalusia, a large part of the countries of the Romans and Khorasan, Istakhr, and many countries were opened, the Prophet’s Mosque expanded, and Islam spread.

The era was long and moved away from the era of the Messenger of Allah, and the people of every country began to take the Qur’an from the recitation.

Of the famous companions of the Companions in their country, and the people fell into a dispute over the matter of reading, and there is no one to resort to in this dispute, and strife almost occurred between people.

 And that was in the thirtieth year of the Hijrah, so uthman collected the Qur’an and placed it between two covers, relying on the Qur’an compiled by Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, and entrusted Zaid bin Thabit with this matter.

He ordered the copying of the Qur’an of Abu Bakr and its control according to the dialect of Quraish and distributed it to the regions.

And ordered the people to copy it and destroy what was before it. The Ottoman drawing, attributed to him – may Allah be pleased with him -.

2- The birth of the Islamic fleet

Muawiyah had proposed to Umar ibn al-Khattab during his caliphate to build an Islamic naval fleet, but Umar opposed that, and Muawiyah remained insistent on that until Umar died and Uthman assumed the caliphate.

Muawiyah presented the matter to him, and Uthman opposed that as well, based on Umar’s opposition to that, and because he knew Umar’s keenness to achieve security for Muslims, so Uthman’s opinion was the same as Umar’s.

However, Muawiyah persisted in his insistence on Uthman until he took his approval, and it was on the condition that no one of the Muslims would be forced to engage in the conquest at sea.

To lead the army himself and accompanied by his wife; In order for him to be brave and to exert his strength in fighting while taking all precautions in that, Muawiyah agreed and proceeded to build it.

 Muawiyah sought the assistance of Abdullah bin Abi Al Sarh, the governor of Egypt, because Egypt had factories for the manufacture of ships, in addition to the presence of workers trained in this, and trees whose timber could be used in the manufacture of ships.

And it wasn’t four years until Muawiyah invaded the island of Cyprus, which was a constant threat to the Muslims from the shores.

So its people asked for reconciliation with the Muslims, so Muawiyah imposed on them the tribute, and stipulated that they inform the Muslims of the attacks coming towards them from the Romans.

And to stand in the neutral line between the Romans and the Muslims if war broke out between them, and to allow the Muslim armies to pass from their island if necessary.

But they broke the covenant, so Muawiyah invaded it again and annexed it to the countries that fall under the Islamic caliphate, and he also fought at sea in the battle of that of the masts, which ended with the victory of the Muslims against the Byzantines.

3- Increase it in the Prophet’s Mosque

The first expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque was during the era of the Messenger of Allah when he urged his companions to give charity for that.

So Othman bin Affan took over the cost of the expansion, and then during the reign of Othman Muslims complained to him about the narrowness of the Prophet’s Mosque.

And that it became impossible for them, especially on Friday when they gather to perform the prayer, so Othman bin Affan gathered the people of advice and consulted them on expanding the mosque, and they agreed with him, so he prayed with the people and ascended to the pulpit to address them.

He said: “O people, I wanted to demolish the mosque of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and add to it. 

Omar Ibn Al-Khattab advanced me, he had added to it and built it, and I consulted with the people of opinion among the companions of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – and they unanimously agreed to demolish, build and expand it.

 

When the Muslims heard of this, they rejoiced and prayed for him, so he expanded it from many sides, built its walls with carved stones and painted them with plaster, made ceilings of teak, and made windows in the walls from the top.

4- Increase it in the Grand Mosque

The Grand Mosque in the era of the Messenger of Allah and Abu Bakr included the Kaaba and around it a courtyard for people to circumambulate in.

And there was no separation between the mosque and the houses around it, so when Omar assumed the caliphate, he bought a group of houses and demolished them.

And he annexed its land to the mosque and built a short wall around it. Omar Ibn Al-Khattab was the first to build a wall for the Grand Mosque, then when Uthman took over the caliphate after him, he did as Omar did and built the mosque and the corridors.

Uthman was the first to take the corridors of the mosque, and that was in the twenty-sixth year of the Hijrah, and the extent of his expansion reached eight hundred and sixty-nine meters.

5- Transferring the coast from Shuaiba to Jeddah

The people asked khalifa uthman to transfer the coast from Shuaiba to Jeddah, as it is closer to Mecca and greater, so Othman went to it and looked at it and found it suitable.

So he took it instead, and entered the sea and said to those with him, “Enter, and no one enters the sea except with an apron.” That was in the twenty-sixth year of the Hijrah

In conclusion, the Uthman ibn Affan– may Allah be pleased with him – was – may Allah be pleased with him – one of the first to convert to Islam, moreover caliph uthman ibn affan was generous, generous, strong, and ascetic in the world. During the life of the Prophet and during his succession – may Allah be pleased with him – and khalifa uthman ibn affan was martyred while fasting, reciting the Qur’an. 

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