who is umar ibn al khattab? He is: Omar bin Al-Khattab bin Nufail bin Abd Al-Uzza bin Riah bin Abdullah bin Qurt bin Razah bin Uday bin Kaab bin Loay bin Ghalib bin Fahd bin Malik bin Al-Nadr, and he is Quraish bin Kinana bin Khuzaymah bin Madrakah bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Maad bin Adnan, Al-Adawi Al-Qurashi.
He is the cousin of Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail, the monotheist on the religion of Abraham. And his brother, the companion Zaid bin Al-Khattab, who had preceded Umar to Islam. And meets his lineage with the Prophet Muhammad in Kaab bin Luay bin Ghalib.
Umar ibn al khattab ( Arabic:عمربن الخطاب ), the second of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and one of the great companions of the Messenger Muhammad, and one of the most famous people and leaders in Islamic history, and one of the most influential and influential, and one of the ten missionaries of Paradise, and one of the scholars and ascetics of the Companions.
Umar ibn al-khattab assumed the Islamic caliphate after the death of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq on August 23, 634 AD, corresponding to the twenty-second of Jumada al-Thani in the year 13 AH.
Umar bin khattab was an expert judge and was famous for his fairness and fairness to people with grievances, whether they were Muslims or non-Muslims.
when was umar ibn al khattab born?
Umar al khattab was born after the Year of the Elephant, and thirteen years after the birth of the Prophet Muhammad.
The house of Omar in the pre-Islamic era was at the origin of the mountain that is called today Jabal Omar.
The name of the mountain in the pre-Islamic era was barren, and it had the homes of Banu Uday bin Ka’b, and umar ibn khattab grew up in the Quraysh and excelled in most of them by learning to read.
What was the life of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab like when he was young?
Omar ibn al khattab worked as a shepherd for camels when he was young, and his father was harsh in his treatment.
And omar ibn khattab was tending to his father and his aunts of the children Makhzoom. and he learned wrestling and horse-riding and poetry.
Was Omar Ibn Al-Khattab interested in attending the markets in the pre-Islamic era?
Umar ibn al khattab used to attend the Arab markets, the Okaz market, the Majnah market, and the Dhu al-Majaz market, where he learned the trade, which he profited from and became one of the wealthy of Mecca, he left in the summer to the Levant and to Yemen in the winter.
Umar ibn al-khattab was one of the nobles of Quraysh, and to him was the embassy, he was the ambassador of Quraysh. If a war occurred between the Quraysh and others, they would send him as an ambassador. Quraish, and he was fond of wine and women.
how did umar ibn al khattab convert to Islam?
Biographies and antiquities narrate that one day, while umar al khattab– may Allah be pleased with him – was wandering around Mecca, wearing his sword.
When he met a man from Bani Zahra, a dialogue took place between them; So the man said to Omar: Where do you want, Omar?
He said: I want to kill Muhammad. He said to him: Do you think that Banu Hashim and Banu Zahra have left you? Umar said to him: Have you forsaken your religion, O man? The man said: Shall I not teach you something worse than that, O Umar, that your sister and brother-in-law have embraced Islam?
Then Omar became angry and hurried to the house of his sister Fatima bint Al-Khattab, and they had the great companion Khabab bin Al-Arat – may Allah be pleased with him – where they were studying the Qur’an, so Omar knocked on the door and broke into the house on them.
And he knew from them that they had embraced Islam, so he severely beat his brother-in-law and hit Khabbab – may Allah be pleased with him -.
Then umar ibn khattab thought about him and realized that he must listen to the Qur’an that they were reciting, so his sister brought a newspaper containing Surat Taha.
So omar ibn al khattab recited it until Allah opened his heart to faith and said, “Guide me to Muhammad.” So they showed him to his place, so he went to the place where the Holy Prophet used to reside with his companions, which is the house of Al-Arqam near As-Safa.
Omar ibn khattab knocked on the door, so the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – stood up to him and took the bundles of his shirt and raised it, saying, “Asslam, O Ibn al-Khattab.
” Omar then pronounced the two testimonies, so the Muslims said the takbeer, which the people of Mecca heard, rejoicing at the conversion of Omar – may Allah be pleased with him – and rejoicing in the victory of the call.
How tall was umar ibn al khattab?
Our master umar ibn al-khattab – may Allah be pleased with him – was a very tall man; He is taller than men, bruised shoulders, bald head, very red, with many ears; That is, his beard was thick and drooping on his chest, and it was a reddish blonde.
Sometimes he would dye it or bend it with his head, and he was left-handed; That is, he uses his left hand more than the right, and he was fast in his gait, and was famous for his equestrianism.
To the extent that it was said about him that when he rode his horses, people would think of him as one body; By this they want to show the extent of his chivalry, and he was known for his rare prestige.
how many wives did umar ibn al khattab have?
Umar ibn al khattab married and divorced a total of seven women in the pre-Islamic era and has thirteen children. As for his women, they are:
1- Before Islam
- The relative of the daughter of Abi Umayyah bin al-Mughirah bin Makhzoum al-Makhzum al-Qurashi, the sister of Umm Salama, remained close to her polytheism, and Omar married her during the pre-Islamic era, and when Omar embraced Islam, she remained in her polytheism as his wife.
And that was after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, so he divorced her, then married her, Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, who was a polytheist, and then divorced her. It was not said that she was born to Omar.
- Umm Kulthum Malika bint Jarol Khuza’a, he married her during the pre-Islamic era, and she bore him Zayd and Ubaidullah, then he divorced her after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, after the revelation of the verse.
“Do not hold fast to the unbelievers.” So Abu Jahm bin Hudhayfah married her, who was one of her people, and he was like her a polytheist.
- Zainab bint Mazoon bin Habib bin Wahb bin Hudhafa bin Juma Al-Jami’ah Al-Qurashi: Othman bin Mazoon sister, he married her in the Jahiliyyah in Mecca.
Then they converted to Islam and emigrated together to Medina, with their son Abdullah bin Omar. She bore him Hafsa, Abd al-Rahman and Abd Allah.
2- after Islam
- Jamila bint Thabit bin Abi Al-Aqlah Al-Awsia Al-Ansariyyah: She is the sister of Asim bin Thabet. Her name was Asiyah, so the Prophet Muhammad called her Jamila. He married her in the seventh year of the Hijrah.
She bore him one son during the Prophet’s era, Asim, then Omar divorced her. After him, she married Zaid bin Haritha, and he was born to Abd al-Rahman bin Zaid, who is the brother of Asim bin Omar.
- Atika bint Zaid is the daughter of Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail bin Uday Al-Adawiyah Al-Qurashi. And the sister of Saeed bin Zaid.
One of the ten missionaries of Paradise, the wife of Abdullah bin Abi Bakr before him, bore him one son, Iyad bin Omar. She married Zubair bin Floater after the death of Omar.
- Umm Hakim bint Al-Harith bin Hisham bin Makhzoum Al-Qurashiyah: She was under Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl, so he was killed on her behalf in the Battle of Yarmouk, so Khalid bin Saeed bin Al-Aas succeeded her.
- Umm Kulthum bint Ali bin Abi Talib the Hashemite Quraish: He married her when she was young, and that was in the seventeenth year of hijrah, and she remained with him until he was killed, and she was the last of his wives.
how many children did Umar ibn al Khattab have?
Umar ibn al khattab– may Allah be pleased with him – had nine sons, and they are:
- Abdullah; His mother, Zainab bint Mazoon bin Habib Al-Jamhiah, converted to Islam at a young age and was one of the first to emigrate.
And when the time of the Great Battle of Badr came, he wanted to go out with the Messenger of Allah, so the Messenger – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – brought him back to his young age.
He narrated many hadiths on the authority of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and he narrated on the authority of many of the Companions, as well as many of his followers.
And he – may Allah be pleased with him – was an ascetic, chaste, spendthrift, learned and worshipper, very keen to follow the example of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and Ibn Umar was famous among the companions of the Messenger of Allah.
- Abdulrahan; was born in the era of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and heard from his father and other companions, and he was very violent, and he died in the battle of Siff.
- Assem; His mother was Jamila bint Thabet, who followed the last two years of the life of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and he was of a large build, broad shoulders.
And he died before his brother Abdullah in the seventieth year of migration, and he was younger than him, he was nicknamed Abu Omar, and he was known for being a poet.
- Zaid the Great; And his mother, Umm Kulthum bint Ali bin Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with him – died with his mother at the same time, and neither of them was distinguished before the other. and Abu Qatada.
- Zaid the Younger; Ubaidullah’s brother from his father and mother, and his mother bore him during the time of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.
- Abd al-Rahman al-Akbar, and his mother, Zainab bint Mazoon.
- yaz And his mother was Atika, the daughter of Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail.
- Abu Shahma Abdul Rahman middle.
- Abd al-Rahman al-Asghar; is the half-brother of Abd al-Rahman al-Awsat, and their mother is Lahya, and his title is Abu al-Mujber.
His sons from females Omar Ibn Al-Khattab – may God be pleased with him – had seven daughters, and they are:
Hafsa bint Omar bin Al-Khattab; Her mother, Zainab bint Mazoon, was born when the people began to build the Kaaba after it was washed away with water.
And this event was five years before the Messenger of Allah’s mission, the same year in which Fatima, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah was born.
She was raised in her father’s house with noble morals and knowledge. Khunais bin Hudhafa married her, one of the former converts to Islam.
Moreover, she lived with him in a house full of love and harmony, then she migrated with him to Medina, and he was martyred after the Battle of Uhud from his wounds there.
So the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – betrothed her in the same year, and she was – may Allah be pleased with her – a fast, steward, and worshiper.
And she narrated the noble Prophet’s hadith under the authority of her father and husband, and she died in the forty-fifth year of migration.
And that was during the caliphate of Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan when she was sixty-five years old, and she was buried in Al-Baqi’.
Ruqayyah; And her mother is Umm Kulthum bint Ali bin Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with him -.
Fatima bint Omar; Her mother was Umm Hakim bint Al-Harith.
Aisha bint Omar; And her mother is Lahia.
Safiya bint Omar bin Al-Khattab; I witnessed the Battle of Khaybar with the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace -.
Jamila bint Omar; Before her conversion to Islam, her name was Asiyah. When she converted to Islam, the Messenger of Allah called her Jamila.
Zainab bint Omar; And her mother, Atika, daughter of Zaid bin Nufail, married Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Salul, and after him, Abdullah ibn Saraqa al-Adawi married her.
Was Umar ibn al-Khattab a companion of Muhammad?
Umar ibn al khattab– may Allah be pleased with him – participated with the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – in all the scenes and the battles.
As he did not neglect any engagement with the Prophet of Allah, and he had – may Allah be pleased with him – many positions in his participation in jihad in Allah path; Which are summarized as follows:
- Umar ibn al-khattab killed his uncle Al-Aas bin Hisham in the Battle of Badr; Thus emphasizing that the bond of belief is stronger and stronger than the bond of blood.
- Umar bin Khattab high determination, determination, and firmness appeared in critical situations in which Muslims were defeated or nearly defeated.
Such as the Battle of Uhud, the Trench, and Banu al-Mustalq, where he faced the polytheists and hypocrites with all his might.
And in moments of Muslim weakness, his response and confrontation with Abu Sufyan, while he was proud of the defeat of the Muslims in the Battle of Uhud.
- Umar al Khattab– may Allah be pleased with him – set out at the head of a company by order of the Messenger of Allah to Hawazin, which is one of the strongest and most powerful of the tribes.
This is an indication of the dependence of the Prophet of Allah on Al-Faruq in difficult situations, and from his military skill that he walked at night and lay in the day; With the aim of surprise, he won the victory by escaping the enemy.
He did not pursue others in compliance with the orders of his commander, which is evidence of his discipline.
- Umar ibn Khattab with a group of companions – may Allah be pleased with them – in the battle of Hunayn with the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and his protection proved:
- When the Muslims retreated after the enemies’ surprise to them, before Allah – the Almighty – sent down tranquility on them, and helped them.
- Omar ibn al Khattab– may Allah be pleased with him – gave in charity half of his money in the Battle of Tabuk.
Just as the Messenger – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – had listened to his opinion in praying for blessings for the people when famine struck them in that expedition.
what are the achievements of Umar ibn al-Khattab?
The most important works of Omar ibn khattab Al-Abadi The great companion omar ibn khattab– may Allah be pleased with him – did a lot of works that benefit Islam and Muslims, whether during the life of the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – or after his death.
Compilation of the Noble Qur’an in the era of Umar: Some tribes abandoned Islam after the death of the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him-.
After the War of Yamama, umar ibn al khattab observed this, and he rushed to Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, the caliph of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, who in turn assigned Zaid bin Thabet to do so.
Zeid recounts what happened and says: “Abu Bakr sent me the killing of the people of Yamama, and if Ibn al-Khattab was baptized with him, Abu Bakr said.
“Omar came to me and said, “The killing was a day when the Qur’an was destroyed, and I am afraid that killing will be impossible for the citizen to read, so many of the Qur’an goes, and I think that you order the collection of the Qur’an.
I said to Omar: How can you do something that the Messenger of God did not do? Omar said: This is good, and Omar is still reviewing me until God explained my chest to it, and I saw in that one who saw Omar.
Umar ibn al-khattab and the companions were keen to memorize the Qur’an because they feared it would be lost, and in the interest of all Muslims, they worked hard to preserve it in the publication of the Qur’an’s keepers, bearers, and writers.
Umar bin khattab continued, may Allah rest his soul, to collect the Qur’an until the last verse, and it came from the novel of Jaber bin Samra that he said: “I heard Omar ibn al-Khattab say: They are not bored in these Quraysh Quraish Quraish or Gilman Cultural.”
This is because they know the language of the Holy Quran, and the Qur’an has been downloaded in the language of the Quraysh people.
The Prayer of The Taraweeh in the Era of Omar
The Prayer of the Taraweeh of the Sunnah is performed by Muslims in the holy month of Ramadan, and because it is a year and not a hypothesis, the Prophet did not reach it in a group on all nights of the month of Ramadan.
It is only prayer in some of them, for fear that people will think that they are from the petitions, and this continued until the reign of umar al khattab succession – May Allah blesses him.
It is true that Abdul Rahman bin Abdul Qari’s account that he went to the mosque with umar ibn khattab on one of the nights of Ramadan, and found people scattered, some of them praying alone.
Others prayed in small groups, and he said: “I see that if I had gathered these people in one reader, I would have represented him,” so he determined and collected him, as the Sahaba acknowledged, and no one opposed him.
Expansion of the Grand Mosque and the reconstruction of the Prophet’s Mosque:
Omar ibn al khattab, may Allah rest his soul, made his journey to Mecca to perform the umrah ritual with the intention of expanding and renewing the Grand Mosque.
As omar ibn khattab did at the Prophet’s Mosque, its expansion passed in three stages, the first during the reign of the Prophet, the second during the reign of umar ibn al khattab, and the third in the reign of Othman.
As for the Prophet’s Mosque, dar al-Abbas and other houses included him, paved its land with gravel instead of dirt, and the Grand Mosque in Mka added the role around him, surrounded it with a fence, dressed the Kaaba in a dress called Al-Qubati, and ordered the lighting of all mosques.
This was in order to make it easier for Muslims to perform their worship in the mosque and get to know each other at night, and was sent to the princes of Islamic mosques and ordered them to build mosques until it was said that more than 4,000 mosques were built at that time.
Omar Bin Khattab’s most important cultural work
Umar ibn al-khattab founded the Islamic State from all sides that developed its civilization and adopted it in the best way, not only interested in religious affairs, the Islamic conquests of his time increased until Muslims spread everywhere.
Umar bin khattab was interested in education, finance, economy, city-building and construction, the choice of governors, as well as transportation, accounting, and the judiciary.
Urban development during the era of Omar reminded us earlier that he had expanded and renovated the two mosques, and not only that, he also transferred the place of Our Lord Abraham, peace be upon him, where he was attached to the Kaaba.
He moved him to where he is now, to facilitate the movement of worshippers, and he had set up a share of the Muslim money house to spend on transportation and transportation between Muslim states to facilitate the movement of Muslims.
It has developed a huge number of camels for this purpose, has allocated food such as flour and raisins to help the poor and needy, and has placed between Mecca and Medina places of water and food for travelers.
He also took care of shipping, ordered them to repair a formerly neglected bay to revive trade between Egypt and Hijaz through the Red Sea, and dug a canal in Iraq to deliver water to Basra from the Tigris River.
Umar al khattab focused on some important cities and made them centers for the Islamic State, providing mujahideen, learning and education centers, and establishing mosques and markets.
Places to raise horses, and encouraged Muslims to stay in these cities of the Arabian Peninsula, because they are considered state centers, from which armies start for conquests and spread the call.
These are cities to which it is easy to move, Omar bin al-Khattab, may Allah rest his soul, made sure that the roads between them and the capital of the Islamic State are easy, and these cities are: Basra, Kufa from Iraq, Sirte, and Fustat from Egypt.
These cities were built in an Islamic style that reflects the lives and civilization of Muslims, becoming cities that stem from Islamic life.
The House of Muslim Money and the Writing of The Dawians:
omar ibn khattab opened a house of money for Muslims, where zakat money, jizya funds from the Dhimma people, five spoils of conquests, and inheritance funds from those who have no heirs.
From these funds, he built his country in The Solomons, from which he met the needs of the poor and needy, prepared armies for conquests, and honored all those who did a great job or sacrifice in Islam.
Omar ibn al khattab honored the mujahideen, who remove the harm from Muslims, and the parents who bring benefits to Muslims, and to organize these funds, he put up houses to save them, and the books are books in which state affairs are recorded, in this way I knew all the money that goes into the house of money.
And the money that comes out of it; so that no one’s right is lost and the money is put in its proper place.
The regime of Omar organized the rule of the Islamic State in its caliphate, and followed great Islamic principles on this, and we will mention the details of this as follows:
Omar ibn khattab was interested in the governing side so that he could protect the Islamic State and its organization in the required way.
Especially after the Islamic State expanded and grew, and one of the principles it followed, the Islamic principle of “Shura”, formed three councils: the first council: the Council of Immigrants and Supporters, consisted of the great companions of immigrants and supporters.
They would meet if something important happened, and they would discuss it, and then the Emir of the believers Omar bin Khattab would decide whether to take their opinion or leave it.
Including these companions: Abbas bin AbdulMutallab, Osman bin Afan, Ali bin Abi Talib, Abdul Rahman bin Auf, Moaz bin Jabal, Abu Bin Kaab, Zaid bin Thabet, and this council was specialized.
The second council, the General Council, is made up of general Muslims, including immigrants, supporters, Bedouins, and expatriates, and was held after Friday prayers.
Where a large number of Muslims gathered in the mosque, and Omar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah rest his soul, prayed two kneeling, then climbed onto the pulpit, addressed the Muslims and mentioned it.
Then he listened to their opinions, and this council was concerned with the affairs and issues of the Islamic nation, for example, that umar ibn al khattab, may Allah rest his soul, has spoken to the people about the issue of the distribution of the land of conquests to members of the army.
The third council, a council in which immigrants participate only, and Omar, may Allah rest his soul, was presenting the daily news he receives from the money, which is a council specialized in special administrative matters related to the conquests.
Umar ibn al-khattab organized the administration, so that each state contains the one responsible for the rest of the employees, and has a clerk in the army office, a judge, and the owner of the events, i.e. the police, the owner of the money house, and the owner of the abscess.
He is the one who collects taxes, and under these many employees whose reference and the first official is the governor, as well as this, is not without the religious aspect, Omar, may Allah rest his soul, saw who is his parents and appoints him to religious positions and does the same as the rest of the governors.
Omar was appointed as governors’ observers so that there would be no abuses, as well as accountants for funds so that Muslim funds would not be wasted, and he would be held accountable for mistakes until commitment prevailed.
Umar bin khattab, may Allah rest his soul, has set conditions for the appointment of the governor: to be the strongest and the most capable of holding office, and also to be merciful and attached to people, so that the cruel severe does not appoint people.
He should not be a member of the Prophet’s family or senior sahaba because of their place in Islam, nor was he assigned to the state to make sure that there was no personal interest behind his desire.
Prior to taking office, he was consulted if he had appointed a man who had set conditions for him, the most important of which was to rule by order of Allah, to bring justice, to provide security for people, and to remove state officials from the private business that occupied them from office.
Omar ibn al-Khattab’s most important war works and conquests:
Umar al khattab, may Allah rest his soul, has resided in all parts of the open country to protect the Islamic State, and headquarters are ready for any invasion of the state, and these garrisons are.
He recruited Damascus, recruited Jordan, recruited Palestine, recruited Homs, recruited Two Christians, and made each of them governor, to oversee and protect everything that the state might be exposed to, and each was equipped with thousands of horses to supply the soldiers.
Allah has opened this country under umar ibn khattab, may Allah rest his soul, and the banners of monotheism spread after they defeated two great states at the time, the Persians and the Romans, and detailed the opening of these cities as follows:
- Fatah Damascus: omar ibn al khattab appointed Abu Obeida bin al-Jarrah as army commander, and ordered him to start conquests in Damascus, the roman fortress.
And Abu Obeida was a smart man, so he put an army between Palestine and Damascus, and another army between Damascus and Homs.
So that the Romans could not ask for extensions from any of the sides, and he was determined to surround them.
So they surrounded them until the siege intensified and weakened them, and then they were forced to enter from every door and held reconciliation with them.
- Opening Jordan: Jordan opened Sharbil bin Hasna by force, and Khaled bin Alwaleed reconciled with the people of Baalbek on the same level as both their homes and churches.
After the opening of Damascus, Abu Obeida, may Allah rest his soul, went by order of omar ibn khattab to Fahal, a town in the valley between Jordan and Palestine, and when the people of Fahal heard about it.
They tried to attack the Muslims and attack them at night from Besan, but the Muslims were ready to do so.
They confronted the Romans until they fled, and the Muslim army opened a stallion and a bison.
- The conquest of Iraq: Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and Omar bin Al-Khattab recommended that Iraq be opened, and after his death, Omar began to search people for the conquest of Iraq, and Muslims responded, making Abu Obeid a prince to all.
A large army was sent towards Iraq, and intense battles took place between Muslims and Persians: the bridge sign, the Al-Buib sign, the invasion of Qadisiyah.
- the conquest of al-Madain, the fall of Jalwala, Fatah Helwan, the conquest of Tikrit and Mosul, the Battle of the Ramarak, the Battle of Sakatia, and the Battle of Baqsiyatha.
- It was followed by Fatah Qurqesia, Hit, Masbazan, Then Fatah al-Abla, Basra and Kufa, and made Kufa one of the most important Islamic headquarters, and these battles ended with the victory of the Muslims and the conquest of The Land of Iraq.
Many other countries have opened
Then Amos and Jabiya in the sixth year of migration, then Sarg in the seventeenth year, then Ashda in the eighteenth year, then Jalwala and Qaisariya in the year 19, then Egypt in the year 20, Nahund in the year 21, then Azerbaijan in the year twenty-two, and then the first and two in the following year
why do shiites hate umar ibn al-khattab?
The Shiite view of umar ibn al khattab is divided into two parts:
The opinion of the Twelve Shiites and the opinion of the Zaidi Shiites: The twelve looked at Ibn al-Khattab negatively, and they had a traitor’s turn to the Prophet Muhammad and a rapist who followed Ali ibn Abi Talib in the Muslim caliphate.
In some references, he is the killer of the prophet’s daughter and imam Ali’s wife, Fatima al-Zahra. In this novel, Omar went to Fatima’s house to bring Ali and Zubair ibn al-Awam to sell Abu Bakr to the caliphate.
And he accepted a fire to destroy them, and Fatima said, “O son of Khattab, you came to burn down our house?” he said: “Yes, or you entered what I entered into.” The nation.”
A number of Shiite scholars pointed out that Omar ibn al-Khattab set fire to the house and beat Fatima after she resisted him, which made her abort her pregnancy and die after a while, but they disagreed on how to do so precisely.
The twelve also consider that the first to be nicknamed Farouk by the Prophet Muhammad is Ali ibn Abi Talib.
Zaidi, on the other end of the day, views Omar ibn al-Khattab more moderately, recognizes the validity of his succession, and does not insult him, but nevertheless believes that Imam Alia is more deserving of succession, based on the principle of virtueed succession with the presence of the best.
According to a number of Shiite references, Omar refused to name one of the six, saying: “By Allah, I am not allowed to leave you, Saad, except for your distress and your insurance.
Even though you’re a warman! And what prevents me from you, Abdul Rahman, is that you are the pharaoh of this nation! What prevents me from you, Zubair is that you are a believer in contentment, an infidel of anger! What prevents me from coming out is his brothers and his old age, even if her guardian puts his ring on his woman’s finger.
And nothing prevents me from you, Othman, except your nervousness and your love of your people and family! And what prevents me from you, Ali, is your concern for her! And you should, if you wish, live on the right shown, and the straight path.
What is Umar Ibn al-Khattab known for?
Omar Ibn al-Khattab moral qualities:
Umar ibn al-khattab, may Allah rest his soul, was characterized by all that indicates firmness, strength, intensity and prestige, and he tended to tan in the color of his skin as his brothers, in the novel that he was white, and in the novel that he was brown in the year of Ashda.
Perhaps after taking over the Muslim succession, he became very tired, effortless, and sun-drenched as he inspected the conditions of the parish with little food and drink; he was a tall, bald-headed, bearded man.
Wide-shouldered, strong-bodied, where he challenged and wrestled in okaz market, and the Messenger of Allah said to him, “Omar, you are a strong man, don’t crowd the stone and hurt the weak.”
His voice is loud, if he is to blow his mouth and his mustache is wearing out, and henna works with his hands together, in his eyes a poplar, in his beard yellow, and on his head henna. And his eyes are red.
Omar Ibn al-Khattab’s moral qualities:
Umar bin khattab moral qualities, which indicate his determination and the strength of his will, are many that indicate the determination and strength of Omar’s will, including:
1- Al-Zahid: Omar Zahda was in this world coming to what Allah has, because the Messenger of Allah gave him money and did not accept it every time, and the Messenger of Allah said to him.
“Take him, finance him, and believe in him, so what you have come from this money and you are not honorable and do not ask for his thigh, and what is not followed by yourself.”
If he was hungry to eat only what fills his hunger, Abdullah bin Amer said about him that he was breaking the fast in Ramadan at Osman bin Afan of the finest food, and what he saw at Omar ibn al-Khattab, he said to Osman, “Allah bless him a lifetime, and who can stand what Omar could have.”
Because of his strongness, he did not know that he was the prince of believers among the public for those who did not know him, in which Saad ibn Abi Waqas said that he had never preceded them in Islam, but he was better than them because of his pride in the world and that when he went to hajj he never remained under a shadow.
This is due to his accompanist on to the Qur’an, his accompanist on to the Messenger of Allah, and his knowledge that this world is mortal but a worker and the hereafter is the house of punishment and survival.
Although he was the caliph of the Muslims and had the money in his house of money, he did not look forward to it, as in all the food, drink, dress, and tank he needed only himself and his family.
2- Patience: And all the qualities that umar al khattab
characterized from asceticism, fear of Allah, sense of observation and piousness as based on patience, and he used to say: (We found the best of our lives patience).
One of the positions he shows is his love of dream and patience, when he spoke in Jabiya in Damascus, where they distributed and divided the funds, and then apologized to Khaled bin Alwaleed, as he ordered him to give money to the poor immigrants.
He divided him against what he ordered, and he took money from him and his loyalty to Abu Obeida, so Abu Amr ibn al-Mughira told him that he changed all of him.
And he covered a sword that was the messenger of Allah, cut off his mercy, and envied the cousin, to which Omar dreamed: you are close to kinship, the young man, you get angry at your cousin.
3- Prestige: Omar was a prestige for those around him who were companions and parishioners, including what Ibn Abbas tells him: “I stayed a year wanting to ask umar ibn khattab
about Aya, what I can ask him is prestige for him.”
He was asked by his daughter Hafsa to support him when he was stabbed, and she said to him, “O messenger of Allah, son-in-law of the Messenger of Allah.
And o prince of believers, when he heard this, he asked his son to support his back, and he said to her, “I embarrass you with what I have the right to mourn me after this Council, and your eyes will not have them,” and he said to a man who praised him: “You perish and you perish yourself.”
4- Generosity: He was spending a lot in all that is good, and he was competing with Abu Bakr al-Siddiq in charity, and he was keen on hospitality and honor for whoever comes to him.
And his son Abdullah said: (I have never seen anyone after the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him from the time he was arrested, he was the most beautiful and good until he finished the age of ibn al-Khattab)
5- Courage: He was strong and bold in truth all his life, even before he surrendered, and never left behind the Messenger of Allah after his Islam, and then the Islamic conquests were on his hands under god’s conciliation.
6- Standing by the orders of Allah Almighty: If he is angry and read verses from the Book of Allah or mentions Allah to him, his anger is removed and he retreats from what he wants to offer, and when Ayah ibn Fort enters him and says to him, “Hey, son of the Speech, Allah does not give us the inability.”
And do not judge us fairly, and Omar was angry with him, so al-Hurr ibn Qais said to him: Allah said to his Prophet: “Take forgiveness, order custom and offer the ignorant,” and that this is ignorant, as soon as he finishes his words until Omar retreats.
7- Justice among Muslims: Taking over their affairs for those who are entitled to it, and writing to his parents in the sight of what helps them to do their responsibility.
And orders them to rule between the parish with justice without forcing the strong to be weak, and does not waste the right of the weak in front of the strong.
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where was omar ibn al khattab during uhud?
In the Battle of Uhud, omar ibn al khattab responded to Abu Sufyan’s call when he asked who was killed, and omar ibn khattab was one of the people who believed that Muhammad had been killed in that battle.
And when he knew that he was still alive and had taken cover in the mountain, he rushed to him and stood defending Muslims against those who tried to reach them from the Quraish.
who killed umar ibn al khattab?
Historians agree that after umar bin khattab returned to Medina, Abu Lulu’a Fayrouz al-Farsi stabbed him with a double-bladed dagger six times, while he was praying dawn with people, and that was on Wednesday, 26 Dhu al-Hijjah, 23 AH, corresponding to the year 644 AD.
Then he was carried to his house with blood dripping from his wound, before sunrise. The Muslims tried to arrest the killer, but he stabbed thirteen men, six of whom died.
When Abd al-Rahman bin Auf saw this, he threw a robe he had on Abu Lulu’ah, and he stumbled in his place and felt that he was inevitably taken, so he stabbed himself by suicide.
In the end, Umar ibn al khattab, nicknamed Al-Faruq, known as Abu Hafs, is the second of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the Commander of the Faithful, and one of the greatest companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, and is considered one of the most famous leaders in Islamic history at all.
And conveying the rights to their owners, whether they are Muslims or non-Muslims. umar ibn al-khattab was known in the pre-Islamic era for his strength, brutality, and steadfastness.
Umar bin khattab was a well-known merchant at that time, and one of the nobles of Quraysh, where he held the position of ambassador to them in peace and war. In Islam, Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq saved her by buying her from him and freeing her.