What Is Surah Isra About? Surah Isra in Arabic ( سورة الاسراء ) written Surat Al Isra which means the night journey is one of the surahs of the Noble Quran which was revealed in Mecca except the verses (32, 33, 57) and from verses 73 to verse 80 revealed in Madina, Its verses number 111, and its arrangement in the Noble Qur’an is 17 in the fifteenth part and considered one of Al-Mi’in surahs and those are surahs whose versus amount to one hundred or about to be one hundred.

Started with tasbeeh

{سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ

and almost all of the surah talk about bani Israel that is why it is also called surat bani israil.

Surah e isra talks about the Prophet’s Mohammed (ﷺ) journey from the sacred Mosque(Al-haram) in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa Mosque and after that the journey of Al Miraj to Heaven.

Why was surah isra revealed?

Surah isra was revealed as follows:

Despite the Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ) had been propagating Tawhid for continuous twelve years and Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia, Qyriash were determined to discredit the Prophet’s(ﷺ) message and they continued to harm him and his companion,

Therefore, Allah(ﷻ) gave the prophet Muhammad(ﷺ) a great miracle, which is the journey of Al isra from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, then the ascension(Miraj) to heaven, but they continued to reject and deny what the prophet Muhammad said,

Thus, the time had come for the Muslims to emigrate from Mecca to Madinah to establish an Islamic state, especially after the I Islam of Al-Aws and Al-Khazraj in Madinah.

Where was surah isra revealed?

Al isra surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra to Medina which means that was revealed in Mecca and most Islamic scholars agreed on this opinion,

Some of them said a different opinion that verses 26, 32, 33, 57, and 58 of surah Isra were originally revealed in Medina.

When was surah Isra revealed?

According to the first verse in surah E isra, this indicates that the Quran surah isra was revealed on the occasion of Al Miraj (Ascension) and according to the quotes of scholars of Islam in their books on the life of the Prophet Muhammed(ﷺ), this event happened one year before Hijrah.

This means that isra surah is one of those which were revealed in the last stage of Prophethood at Makkah.

surah isra read online

surah isra read online
surah isra read online

Why the surah was named Al-Isra?

Surah al isra was called by Al-Isra given what was mentioned in its start about the Prophet’s Mohammed (ﷺ) journey from the sacred Mosque(Al-haram) in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

It is also called surat bani israil because it talked about spoiling them in the land and their insults.

Another name for it is called Surah (سبحان); because it begins with the glorification of Allah(ﷻ) and glorification is mentioned in more than one verse in the el isra.

What is the main theme of surah al isra?

Most of the main points of surah al isra revolve around belief, and some of them are about the rules of individual, collective behavior, and etiquette based on belief.

Besides some stories about bani Israel, and part of the story of Adam and the devil and Allah’s(ﷻ) honoring of man.

  • The prominent element in the entity of al isra surah and the focus of its original themes is the journey of the Prophet Mohammed(ﷺ) from the sacred mosque to Al-Aqsa mosque and the attitude of its people towards him in Mecca.
  • Mentioning some of the rulings and general exhortations for Muslims, and testing people by mentioning the incident of the Night Journey and their division of believers and unbelievers in it.
  • The verses began with glorification, and the verses of praise and thanksgiving to Allah Almighty for His blessings were repeated. I also spoke about the Oneness of Allah Almighty and His right to servitude without making partners for Him.
  • Clarify the rule of reward and punishment; If a person does righteousness and is guided, that benefits himself, just as if he goes astray and follows his desires, the punishment will afflict him as well. Where no one is to blame for another person.
  • Clarifying an important rule of Allah Almighty in the accounting of creation; Allah Almighty doesn’t punish the servants without sending them messengers to clarify matters of their religion and guide them to the religion of truth.
  • Allah Almighty owns everything; None of the creation possesses anything, neither beneficial nor harmful, except Allah Almighty.
  • Explanation of the inimitability of the Noble Qur’an, because it is from Him, the Mighty and Sublime, and none of the creatures can come up with a verse like Him; It is the immortal miracle of our master Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until the Day of Resurrection.
  • Clarifying the wisdom of the revelation of the Noble Qur’an in batches instead of all at once; The wisdom of that is due to giving people the opportunity to comprehend and apply its provisions and memorize these verses.
  • Allah Almighty’s exaltation of his possession of a son, a partner, and a helper; He is the one Sunday that no one shares.

Is surah al isra makki or madani?

Quran surah isra is widely known among scholars of Islam as a Meccan Surah, however, some of them say a different opinion that verses 26, 32, 33, 57, and 58 of it were originally revealed in Medina.

Surah e isra has been named with Al-Isra for the sake of referring to the adventure or journey of the ascension of the Prophet Muhammed(ﷺ),

Also has been named ‘Subhan’ for its first word. Other scholars of Islam named it surat bani israil for recounting the story of Bani-Israel.

In which para is surah Al-Isra?

El isra is one of the long surahs in the Quran, its verses number more than 100 verses, as it consists of 111 verses,

Surah Isra is the 17th chapter (surah) in Quran, in the fifteenth para or juz, and between hizb 29 and 30.

Its position in the Quran is between surah Al Nahl and surah Al Kahf.

How to memorize surah al isra?

Surah al isra is one of the long surahs in the Quran, its verses number is 111,

To memorize it you should do some points which may make your mission in memorizing easier:

You can memorize it using the mental map of Al-Isra.

Al isra is 111 verses about The value of the Qur’an.

Verse 1 is about The miracle of the Night Journey.

From(2:8) Talks about the children of Israel.

From (9-10) about the Quran mission.

From(11:22) about Allah’s signs in the universe and his Sunnah in his servants.

From(23:41) about Etiquette and morals in the family and transactions.

From(42:60) The response to the polytheists is evidence of the oneness of Allah.

From(61:65) about Prostrating to Adam(peace be upon him) and abstaining from the devil.

From(66:96) about the blessings of Allah on his servants.

From(70:72) about places of preference.

From(73:85) about the Attempt to tempt the Messenger(peace be upon him) and Allah’s guidance to him.

From(86:100) about Allah’s challenge to the polytheists and answering their suspicions.

From(101:104) about Dialogue between Moses and Pharaoh.

From(103:109) about The revelation of the Qur’an divided.

From(110:111) about Supplication to Allah by His Names and His Praise for His Oneness.

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Surah isra benefits:

Surah al Isra was revealed by Allah to Prophet Muhammed(ﷺ) to discuss many important purposes, and we will try to mention the highlighted points referred to by this surah:

  • The Oneness of Allah(ﷻ),

{وقضى ربك ألا تعبدوا إلا إياه}} (Al-Isra: 23), Allah(ﷻ) is the One, the True One, and there is no deity besides.

  • Glory be to Allah(ﷻ), glorify Him, praise Him, and thank Him for His blessings.

The aim of glorification has been repeated in many verses of this surah. At its beginning, Allah(ﷻ) said: {سبحان الذي أسرى بعبده} (Al-Isra:1), when mentioning the polytheist’s claims about Allah, Allah(ﷻ) commented: {تسبح له السماوات السبع والأرض ومن فيهن وإن من شيء إلا يسبح بحمده ولكن لا تفقهون تسبيحهم} (Al-Isra:44) and on the account of what some of the People of the Book said when the Qur’an is recited to them: {ويقولون سبحان ربنا إن كان وعد ربنا لمفعولا} (Al-Isra: 108).

  • Al-Isra mentioned that the reward for guidance and the sin of misguidance is only for each one and no one else, Allah(ﷻ) said: {من اهتدى فإنما يهتدي لنفسه ومن ضل فإنما يضل عليها}

(الإسراء:15), as the path of guidance is clear and apparent and Allah made it clear to his servants through his Prophet Mohammed(ﷺ) and his books, and everyone has no choice but to follow this path and not turn away from other paths.

  • Allah(ﷻ) divinely mentioned in al isra, that Allah(ﷻ) doesn’t punish his servants until He sends messengers to them and establishes the proof against them with verses that interrupt their excuse, Allah(ﷻ) said: {وما كنا معذبين حتى نبعث رسولا} (الإسراء:15 ).
  • Explanation of the miracle of the Noble Quran surah isra, and that humans can’t produce like it, { قل لئن اجتمعت الإنس والجن على أن يأتوا بمثل هذا القرآن لا يأتون بمثله ولو كان بعضهم لبعض ظهيرا} (Al-Isra: 88), as the Quran is the miracle of this religion, and the miracle of Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ), and no one whatever how much knowledge he has been given can come up with like of this Quran, or anything of it.
  • Surah e isra was meant to talk about noble morals, so it called for kindness to parents and kinship, and kindness to the poor and the needy people.

And, it forbade extravagance, murder, adultery, lightening the weight, consuming the money of the orphan, and arrogance.

  • Isra surah refuted the illusions of pre-Islamic paganism about the attribution of daughters and partners to Allah, about the resurrection and their exclusion from its occurrence, and their reception of the Quran and their statements about the Prophet Muhammadﷺ) {أفأصفاكم ربكم بالبنين واتخذ من الملائكة إناثا إنكم لتقولون قولا عظيما}

(Al-Isra:40), {قل لو كان معه آلهة كما يقولون إذا لابتغوا إلى ذي العرش سبيلا}

(Al-Isra: 42).

  • Surat al isra showed the value of the Noble Quran, as the word Quran was mentioned eleven times in al isra,

Allah saying: {إن هذا القرآن يهدي للتي هي أقوم ويبشر المؤمنين} (Al-Isra:9).

  • Al isra surah established the principle of personal responsibility,

And every person bears the consequence of his work, and no one bears the consequence of another person, Allah saying: {ولا تزر وازرة وزر أخرى} (Al-Isra:15).

Hadith on surah al isra

Several hadiths had been narrated on the authority of the Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ), including:

  • What Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Ibn Masoud, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said about surat bani israil, Al-Kahf, Maryam, Taha, and Al-Anbiaa, (It’s one of the surahs which give you freedom from Jahannam and al isra surah is one of the first things that was revealed from the Quran).
  • On the authority of Khaithamah, he said that Abdullah said :(You have to use the two cures, the Qur’an and honey).

Abu Ubaid said that Abdullah intends these two verses: {وننزل من القرآن ما هو شفاء ورحمة للمؤمنين} (Al-Isra: 82),

{يخرج من بطونها شراب مختلف ألوانه فيه شفاء للناس} (Al-Nahl:69).

  • Hudhayfah reported that:(The people will be gathered upon the leveled earth and no soul will speak. The first to be called will be prophet Muhammad(ﷺ), and he will say, “I am here at Your service, all good is in Your hand and evil can’t be ascribed to You, I’m a servant to You and a son of your servant, by You and for You, and there is no escape or refuge from you”,

This is the saying of Allah: {عَسَى أَنْ يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا} (Al-Isra:79).

  • Aisha reported that: “The Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ) wouldn’t sleep in his bed until he has recited surat bani israil and surat Al-Zumar”.
  • Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that: “The Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ) entered Mecca on the day of its liberation and there were three hundred and sixty idols around Ka’ba and the Prophet(ﷺ) destroyed them while he saying: { جَاءَ الحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ البَاطِلُ إِنَّ البَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا} (Al-Isra:81).

Surah al isra summary

Surah e isra is a combination of warning, admonition, and instruction, which have been blended with each in balanced proportion to give this wonderful texture.

First, the disbelievers of Quraysh in Mecca are admonished to take a lesson from the miserable end of the bani israil and other communities to mend their ways.

The Jews of Bani Israel, which whom Islam was going to come in direct contact soon at Madina have also been warned that they should learn the lesson from the chastisements which were inflicted upon them and Allah(ﷻ) warned them to take advantage of the Prophethood of Muhammad(ﷺ) as it is their last opportunity.

Allah(ﷻ) made it clear in surah al isra that human success or failure depends on the true understanding of Tawhid (Oneness of Allah(ﷻ)), Prophethood of prophet Muhammed(ﷺ), and Life after death.

Also, in Quran surah isra, convincing arguments are provided to prove that the Quran is the word of Allah(ﷻ) and that its teachings are true and genuine.