why did Iblis cry when surah Fatiha was revealed? surah fatiha (Arabic: سورة الفاتحة  ) written Surah al Fatihah or the Seven Mathani or Umm al-Kitab is the greatest surah in the Holy Qur’an because the Prophet Muhammad said: “Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.” It is the Seven Mathani, and the Great Qur’an that I have been given.” Iblis cries after al Fatiha ( fatiha al kitab ) were revealed, not repentance to Allah, and regrets what happened to him, rather he cries in anger and envy over what the offspring of Adam received from the bounties of the earth, and grief for what happened to him after the existence of Adam’s offspring, peace be upon him.

what is meaning of surah Fatiha?

Surah al fatiha included several purposes, which some commentators talked about:

 praise and glorification of Allah Almighty, praising Him by mentioning His beautiful names that necessitate his exalted attributes, and freeing him from all shortcomings.

Affirming the resurrection and recompense, singling it out with worship and seeking help, turning to him for guidance to the straight path, supplicating to him by confirming them on the straight path, and telling the stories of the previous nations.

Surat al fatihah included encouraging good deeds. The surah also reminds of the basics of religion:

gratitude for the blessings of Allah in His saying    الحمد لله”,

sincerity to Allah in His saying: “اياك نعبد واياك نستعين

and good companionship in His saying “صراط الذين أنعمت عليهم

and mentions the names of The Most Beautiful Allah and His Attributes in His Saying “The Most Merciful, the Most Merciful”, the uprightness in His saying “Guide us to the Straight Path”, the Hereafter in His saying “The Owner of the Day of Religion”, in addition to the importance of supplication in His saying: “We worship, we seek help.”

Al-Baq’i said: “Sourate al fatiha includes everything in the Qur’an. Creation is about reaching Allah, and bias towards His mercy, and quitting without that, so everything in the Qur’an is a detail of the collections of these, and everything that is a link between what is apparent of creation and its principle and its rise from the truth, so it is detailed from a verse: You we worship and You we seek help.”

surah fatiha benefits

A number of honorable hadiths came to explain the virtues of fatiha surah, including:

  • Surah fatah is the greatest surah in the Holy Quran. Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Abu Saeed bin Al-Mu’alla that he said: “I was praying in the mosque, so the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called me, but I did not answer until I prayed, then I came to him and he said: What prevented you from coming? “O you who believe, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to what gives you life.” Then he said: “I will teach you a surah that is the greatest surah in the Qur’an before you leave the mosque.” Then he took my hand. In the greatest surah in the Qur’an, he said: “Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds…” It is the Seven Repetitions and the Great Qur’an that I have been given.”
  • Sura fatiha is medicine if he is promoted with it. Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri, he said: “We were on a path for us, so we went down, and a maidservant came and said: The master of the neighborhood is healthy, and if we leave behind, will any of you rise up?” And they gave us a drink of milk, and when he came back, we said to him: Did you do a ruqyah or ruqyah? He said: No, I did not perform ruqyah except with the Mother of the Book. We said: Do not say anything until we come and ask the Messenger of Allah. with an arrow »
  • Suratul fatiha is a great pillar of prayer. Prayer is not valid if al fatiha is not recited in it according to the most correct opinion of the majority of scholars. Al-Bukhari narrated the authority of Abu Hurairah on the authority of the Prophet who said: “Whoever prays a prayer in which he did not recite the Mother of the Qur’an, then it is premature – three times – incomplete.”
  • Also, reciting fatiha surah in prayer fulfills the communication between the servant and his Lord, and if the servant says: (Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds), Allah says: “My servant has praised Me.” And when the servant says: (The Most Merciful, the Most Merciful), the answer comes to him from Allah Ali Abdi.” And he praised: He repeated the praise a second time, for praise is a description of perfection and excellence, with love and glorification. And by saying: (Master of the Day of Judgment), Allah says: “My servant has glorified Me,” which indicates greatness and dominion.

Surah Fatiha read online

surah fatiha read online
surah fatiha read online

when was surah al Fatiha revealed? 

Sourate al fatiha was revealed before the Prophet’s migration from Makkah, which is the view of most scholars, and its order in revelation was fifth according to the words of Badr Al-Din Al-Zarkashi after Surat Al-Alaq, Surat Al-Qalam, Surat Al-Muzammil and Surat Al-Muddathir.

why was surah Fatiha revealed 

The commentators mentioned in their books that the reason for the revelation of Suratul fatiha was what the companion Ali bin Abi Talib – may Allah be pleased with him – mentioned; And it is that the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – if he went out, he heard a caller calling him, and the caller would say to him: “O Muhammad.” If our master Muhammad – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – heard him, he fled. When he called him again, Our master Muhammad – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – said to him: “Labbaik.” So the caller witnessed and recited Surah al fatihah to him, and Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – said: Surah al fatiha was revealed from a treasure under the throne of the Most Merciful.

how was surah fatiha revealed?

The commentators differed as to how Surat Al-Fatih was revealed.

Surat al fatihah is the first chapter of the Qur’an, in order, not as a download. And a makkian surah.

It was also narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and it was narrated on the authority of Ata bin Yasar and others that it is a madnian.

And It was narrated that it was revealed once in Makkah when prayer was made obligatory, and in Medina another when the qiblah was shifted from Bait Al-Maqdis to the Sacred House of Allah.

what is the other name of surah fatiha?

Surah al fatihah has fifteen names: al fatiha Al-Kitab; Because it opens the Qur’an, [the Mother of the Book], and the Mother of the Qur’an; Because it is [the principle and opening of the Qur’an], it is as if it is its origin and origin, and it is also called the foundation, Surat Al-Kinz, Al-Waqiah, Al-Kafi, Healing, Healing, Surat Al-Hamd, Thanksgiving and Supplication, and teaching the matter for its inclusion in it, and Prayer; Because it is obligatory or desirable in it, and the Seven Mathanis; Because it is seven verses.

tajweed rules in surah fatiha

Some tajweed rules have been mentioned in Surah al fatiha, which we will mention so that you can read the Surah well without making any mistakes:

  • For Allah: the word “majesty” is marked because it is preceded by a break (the letter “lam”).
  • Beware: There is a stress on the ya in the cases of wasl and endowment.
  • We worship: In the event of a waqf on the signifier, it will become static, so there will be great anxiety.
  • The Path: In the event of a waqf on the ta’, it will become still, and therefore it will be a major disturbance.
  • You have blessed: to show my throat.
  • On them or on them: Oral display.
  • Al-Dhalien: A heavy verbal extension that extends by 6 movements.
  • Al-Alamin, the Merciful, the Deen, We seek help, the Righteous One, and the Misguided: a transient extension of stillness that extends by 2, 4, or 6 movements of a waqf, but in the case of connecting the verses, it is extended by two movements and is a natural extension.

learn surah fatiha step by step

Fatiha sura has great importance in our lives for many reasons, it is the greatest surah in the Holy Qur’an, so this paragraph will help you to understand and learn Surah faitha step by step.

In the name of Allah, that is, I begin my speech as reading, or my knowledge as writing, in the name of Allah, in order to drive away Satan and bring down the blessings of the Most Merciful, and His help for me in my speech and action.

(Allah) is a knowledge of Allah, the Exalted, His Majesty, and its meaning is: The One Who is Worshiped, Worthy of Worship, Alone, He has no partner.

(The Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful): Two names denoting that He is the Exalted, the Exalted, the Exalted in the Great Mercy that encompasses every creature, and Allah singles out His complete mercy with His pious guardians.

(Praise be to Allah): Praise is the description of al-Mahmoud as absolute perfection in all circumstances.

(Lord of the Worlds): That is, the one who educates the worlds, and everything besides Allah is All-Knowing.

(Malik of the Day of Judgment): The Day of Judgment is the Day of Resurrection, and the Owner is the one who disposes of everything. He has commands and prohibitions, pardon and punishment, and so on.

(You do we worship and You we seek help): meaning, we single you out for worship and uprightness, so we do not worship but you and we do not seek help except in you, and he mentioned it for help after worship with its entry into it because the servant in all his worship needs the help of Allah Almighty.

(Guide us to the straight path): That is, guide us and guide us to the straight path, which is the clear path that is not crooked.

And the straight path is the path of those whom Allah has blessed from among the prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs, and the righteous (other than) the path (the wrath upon them) and they are the ones who knew the truth and left it, or changed it and changed it like the Jews (and not) the path of the misguided ones who left the truth out of ignorance and misguidance like the Christians.

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Quran recitation al Fatiha

There was a difference of opinion among scholars regarding the seven recitations of fatiha sura, as follows:

  • The Almighty said: {owner of the Day of Judgment}

Asim and Al-Kisa’i recited “Malik” with a thousand after the meem, on the weight of the subject.

And the rest read ‘Malak’ without a thousand, on the weight of (verb).

  • The Almighty said: “Guide us to the straight path* the path of those upon whom you have bestowed favor.”

Qunbul recited on the authority of Ibn Katheer “Al-Sirat” and “Sirat” with the “Sirat” and “Khalaf” on the authority of Hamza read them between the “S” and “Z”, and the rest read them with the “Sirat” like this “The Sirat” and “The Sirat”.

The Almighty said: {The path of those whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who are of wrath, nor of those who go astray}, and in a word on them are two places:

The first: is the distraction movement:

Hamzah recited ‘Alium’ with the inclusion of distraction and housing the meme.

And the rest recited “Alim” by breaking the distraction and calming the meem, praying and endowing.

The second: is the link between the plural meem and bao:

Ibn Katheer read and said on the authority of Nafi’ (them) by adding the meem and linking it to Bawa.

And the rest read by making it (them) praying and endowing.

Everyone agreed to set it up in an endowment.

surah al fatiha best recitation

The recitation of Hafs on the authority of Asim is the best among the other recitations Asim’s chain of transmission in the reading ends with Abdullah bin Masoud, may Allah be pleased with him, and in the hadith of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, entered the mosque while he was between Abu Bakr and Umar, and if Ibn Masoud was praying, and if he was reciting the women, he ended up at the head of the hundred.

So Ibn Masoud started supplicating while he was standing and praying. The Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, said, “Ask and it will be given.” Then he said, “Whoever loves to recite the Qur’an as fresh as it was revealed, let him recite it according to the recitation of Ibn Umm Abd.” And he said to him: What you asked of Allah yesterday, he said, I said, O Allah, I ask you of faith that does not return, of bliss that does not end, and of accompanying Muhammad in the highest paradise of eternity.

is surah Fatiha compulsory in salah?

It is well-known that prayer has pillars, Sunnahs, obligations, nullifiers, and dislikes, and that reciting Surah Fatah in every rak’ah of prayer is one of the pillars of any prayer.

why is surah Fatiha important? 

Allah has made it obligatory for every Muslim to recite Fatiha sura in every rak’ah that he performs, and it has been made a pillar of prayer, and prayer is not accepted without it. He did not recite the al Fatiha. The Messenger of Allah said: “Every prayer in which the Fatiha is not recited is premature. Every prayer in which the al Fatiha is not recited is premature.

Also, Sura Fatiha is considered the best and greatest Surah in the Noble Qur’an, in corroboration of the words of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him -: (I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur’an. There is nothing better than it in the heavenly books. 

The Messenger – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – said: (By Him in Whose Hand is my soul, nothing was revealed in the Torah, nor in the Injeel, nor in the Psalms, nor in the Furqan like it).

Likewise, Imam Al -Bukhari narrated in his Sahih on the authority of Abu Saeed Al -Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – that he said: (that people from the companions of the Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, came to me from a neighborhood Is it a medicine or a cure? Then they said: You did not recite it to us, and we will not do so until you give us a bundle.

Also, Sura fatiha is the first surah with which the Noble Qur’an was opened, and that is why it was called fatiha al kitab.

how many names of Allah are there in Surah Fatiha

In fatiha surah, five of the Most Beautiful Names of Allah are mentioned.

The Five Beautiful Names of Allah that are mentioned in sourate al fatiha are:

  • Allah: It is the greatest name of Allah Almighty, to which other beautiful names are attached, and it is the one who is called only by Allah Almighty, and which carries many meanings and connotations, as He is the deity worshiped and unique in worship.
  • The Lord: He is the Lord of the worlds and the Lord of everything, and everything is under His control and under His power
  • Al-Rahman and Al-Rahim: Likewise, the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, by which no one is called except Allah, and it is one of the names specific to Him, Glory be to Him.
  • The owner: He is the owner of the Day of Judgment on the Day of Resurrection, and the owner of everything, Glory be to Him

In conclusion, Suratul fatiha has great merit among the rest of the Holy Qur’an, as it is considered one of the pillars of prayer, as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, praised in many hadiths that state the virtue of Surah al fatihah.