what is the significance of surah Alaq? surah Alaq ( Arabic : سورة العلق )Surah Al Alaq is a Makkin surah, and it’s the first surah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in the thirteenth year before the Hijrah. It is from al-Mufassal, its verses are 19, and its arrangement in the Qur’an is 96, in the thirtieth part, it began by doing the command to read, in the name of your Lord who created, and it is also called Surah Iqra. It has a prostration of recitation in the last verse: No, do not obey him, and prostrate and come close.

surah alaq meaning

Sura alaq is the first surah to descend in this Qur’an. It begins with the name of Allah, and it directs the Messenger first, in the first moment of his contact with the Highest, and in the first step of his steps in the path of the call for which he was chosen.

Then he singled out: the creation of man and its principle: “He created man from a clot” … from that bloody point attached to the womb. From that naive little origin Genesis. 

It indicates the generosity of the Creator above what indicates his ability. Does it raise this leech to the degree of humans? It is to move him far between origin and destiny. but Allah is able and generous

In addition to this fact, the reality of education emerges… Allah teaches man (by the pen) because the pen was and still is the widest and most profound teaching tool that has an impact on human life. 

And Allah knows the value of the pen, so He points to it in the first moment of the last message to humanity.

Then the source of education appears. Its source is Allah. From it, man derives everything he knows, everything he knows, and everything that opens to him from the mysteries of this existence, and from the mysteries of this life, and from the secrets of himself. He is from there. From that one source, from which there is no other

It was from the requirements of that fact: the fact that Allah is the one who created, and he is the one who knows, and he is the one who is most generous, to know and be grateful.

But what happened was other than this, and this deviation is what the third stanza of the surah talks about: “No, indeed, man will become overpowered * if he sees him becoming self-sufficient * Indeed, to your Lord is the one who is reversible.” 

Indeed, the one who gave him and made him rich is Allah. But a person does not thank when he is given, so he will dispense with it. 

And when the image of the tyrannical person who forgot his upbringing and his wealthy emperors appears, the response comes with the wrapped threat: “Verily, to your Lord is the one who will return.” 

Here, another rule of faith conception emerges. The rule of returning to Allah in every movement, every command, and every intention, there is no reference but Him.

Thus, the parties to the belief conception meet… creation and upbringing. Honor and education.. Then.. the return and return to Allah alone without a partner: “Verily, to your Lord is the return.”

Then the third stanza in the short surah goes on to show a picture of tyranny. A deplorable image, which is admired and horrified by its occurrence in a unique Quranic style.

Do you see that he forbids a servant when he prays * Do you see if he is on guidance or commands piety * Do you see if he lies and turns away * Did he not know that Allah sees?

(Did you see?) to vilify, wonder and denounce. Then comes the wrapped threat (Did he not know that Allah sees?) He is seen as denying and forbidding the believing servant if he prays.

 Then comes the decisive deterrent threat, (No. If it does not end, we will blast the corner. A false, wrong corner. Let him leave his call. We will leave the female slave). 

In light of this fearful fate, the surah concludes by directing the obedient believer to persistence and perseverance in his faith and obedience. (No. Do not obey him, prostrate himself, and come near).

What is the meaning of Al-Alaq?

Al-Alaq in the language is solid blood, and this blood, if it flows, becomes spilled, and the verse that says: {He created man from a blood clot}, Allah Almighty shows in it His ability to create man from something that is hardly mentioned until man becomes from this thing a very valiant human being.

 He has a mind, a heart, and feelings, hence the name of this surat alaq, in addition to the fact that the word Al-Alaq came at the beginning of this blessed surah, meaning that this surah was named with a word from its beginning, as is the case with most of the surahs of the book, and Allah Almighty knows best.

Surah Alaq read online

surah Alaq read online
surah Alaq read online

where was surah Alaq revealed?

Sura alaq is a Makkin surah, the beginning of which was revealed when the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – was a transvestite in the Cave of Hira, in Jabal Al-Noor, located about two miles from Makkah Al-Mukarramah.

when was surah Alaq revealed?

Some commentators, such as Imam al-Tahir ibn Ashour, say that this surat alaq was revealed announcing the mission of the Prophet Muhammad – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and that it was preceded by some of the forerunners of prophecy

Such as the true vision and the like, but it was the first that was revealed from the Qur’an, and it was revealed from it to the saying of Allah Almighty: {He taught man what he did not know}.

And that was for forty lunar years after the elephant, and it is said that that was in Ramadan on the seventeenth night, and Allah knows best.

why was surah Alaq revealed?

Surah alak refers to the beginning of creation and honoring the man with knowledge, and it is the blessing and the breakthrough that changed the course of history. These first words came at the beginning of this blessed surah:

  • The first stage: (Read in the name of your Lord, who created* created man from a relationship* Read and your Lord, the Highest,* who taught it to the pen, And peace be upon him – for the first words of Allah – the Highest – on the authority of Aisha, the mother of the believers – may Allah be pleased with her – she said.

Until the right came to him and he was in a free raid, the king came to him and said, “Read, he said,” What am I?

So I took my second cover until he informed me of the effort.

  • The second stage: the verses (No, that a person can transgress * if he sees him seeking self-sufficiency * surely to your Lord is the return…) to the end of the surah, and the reason for its revelation is what Ibn Abbas said, where he said: 

This, did I not forbid you from this, did I not forbid you from this, so the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned and slandered him, then Abu Jahl said, “You know what has a caller more than me.” Then Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, revealed: “Let him leave his call.

is surah al alaq makki or madani?

Suratul alaq is one of the Makkin surahs that were revealed to the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – in Makkah al-Mukarramah.

 The number of verses in Al-Alaq is 19, and it is located in the thirtieth part.

What is the main theme of surah al Alaq?

Sura alaq included the main topic, which is the beginning of the revelation of the divine revelation to the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.

And his assignment is to carry the message, call people to enter Islam, and abandon idolatry through revelation or a verse in the Qur’an and its indoctrination to the Messenger, who is illiterate and neither reads nor writes. and  surah al alaq included the following:


  • Exalting the importance of reading and writing as a requirement that goes hand in hand with reading, and this is a clear indication that Islam began with an interest in reading and science, as they are the two main components of the establishment of states and people.
  • Directing people to reflect on their creation and what they were created, the purpose of people’s creation, and their destiny in the Hereafter. 
  • Threats and threats to all those who lied or contradicted the Prophet and harmed him, and that Allah, Glory be to Him, is all-knowing and aware of these enemies.
  • The Holy Prophet urged us to draw close to Allah through worship, prostration, and obedience, and to be victorious by the power of Allah that prevailed over the power of the polytheists of Quraysh and those who supported them among the Bedouins. 

surah Alaq benefits

(1) The great merit that Surah alaq presents to all people lies in the link between reading and the blessing of providing and honoring it.

And the meaning is that the One who created man commands him to read; Because it is the right of the Creator, by which He is known. 

(2) Practicing this reading is a form of gratitude to the Creator. Because it is a reading of his name, and in his name, Surah alak indicated the beginning of man’s creation.

So it carried a scientific miracle of the miracles of the Holy Qur’an, which showed – one thousand four hundred years ago and more – that man was created from a clot, that is, from a solid drop of blood.

(3) There is no doubt that Suratul alaq is like the rest of the Qur’an, worshiped by its recitation, and it contains a lot of rewards that Allah Almighty has prepared for those who do not abandon the Book of Allah.

 And the good deed is rewarded with ten like it, and Allah multiplies for whomever He wills. On him – he said: The Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – said: “It is said to the author of the Qur’an: Read, ascend, and recite as you used to recite in this world, for your position is at the last verse you recite.”

(4) Al-Alaq is the first surah that was revealed to the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – while he was in seclusion in the Cave of Hira in the month of Ramadan, as he used to do every year; It was the beginning of the revelation of revelation, as it came in the long hadith that tells about the beginning of the revelation

He used to come to be free, and he will be entertained in it, which is the worship, the nights with the number of the number, and it is provided for that.

Then he returns to Khadija and then provides him with the same, so he said: I am not a reciter, so he took me and covered me until I had reached the end of my strength, then he sent me and said: Recite, so I said: I am not a reciter.

Then he sent me and said: “Recite in the name of your Lord who created” – until he reached – “Teach man what he did not know.” So, Surah al alaq is preferred to read like others, the letter is a good deed and the good deed is ten like it.

(5) Ibn Kathir said about the virtue of Surah alaq: “The first thing that was revealed from the Qur’an was the noble and blessed verses, and they are the first mercy with which Allah had mercy on His servants and the first blessing that Allah bestowed upon them.”

lessons from surah al Alaq

Surat alaq has many lessons to be learned, including:

  • The generosity of Allah – glory is to Him – the Highest, the owner of the kingdom, who does not realize the vastness of his kingdom except that he chooses one of his creatures to be the place where his words descend and the repository of his wisdom.
  • A man should respond to this generosity with thanksgiving. To adhere to his method – Glory be to Him – which He favored him with. 
  • The role of faith isolation in self-education, as it takes it from the concerns of life and the small concerns of people to reflect and reflect on the vast universe and return with an increase of my faith that appears on it and is reflected on those around it.
  • The importance of reading in the life of the individual and society, and dedicating it to the first revelation of heaven to remind the Muslim of its importance.
  • The importance of the pen in referring to the recording of knowledge and the restriction of its benefits.
  • The ability of Allah – Glory be to Him – to make the weak, small relationship turn into an honorable being who learns, and this is a matter of honoring him and raising his status.
  •  Money can cause tyranny and deviation from the right path.
  • The perpetuation of the struggle between truth and falsehood, and the constant defense between the believing group and the infidel group in this worldly life.
  • No matter how strong the people of falsehood may be, and their harm to the people of truth, the believer is strong in his Lord and is assured of his victory – Glory is to Him.
  • Prayer is a link between a servant and his Lord, and prostration is a way of getting closer to God – the Highest.

Finally, Sura alaq is one of the first chapters revealed to the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and It includes a lot of topics.


hadith on surah al alaq

 Al-Bukhari and Muslims narrated it on the authority of Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her said, “First of all, Allah’s message has begun.”From the sincere observations of the day, he saw no vision until he came.

Like the Pentecostal Corps, then he loved it, so he was coming to be free, And it’s the toolbox – the other day the numbers are numbered, and it’s been decorated for that, He makes provisions for that.

Then goes back to Khadija and gets supplies for the same, until the revelation surprised him while he was in the cave of Hira, so the angel came to him.

So I said, “What I am reading,” and he said, “Take me, cover me and even inform me of my effort.”He said, “I read, and I said,” What I am reading, cover the second and even inform me. “He said, “Read your Lord’s name.

Which was created until he was informed: When he came to work, he said: “So he said, “Zamaloni, Zamaloni, I have fathered him until he has gone from him.”So he said, “What a premium is mine?” He told her the news, and said, “I feared for myself.

And she said, “No, I preach, and Allah never shakes you. And you bear the kindness, the discretion of the guest, and you have to have the righteousness.

And then she came up with a premium, and she even came up with a paper about Nawf Al Bassam. He was the cousin of her father’s brother Khadija, and a woman had triumphed in Jahiliya, And he was a big elder who had blinded him, and she said, “What a cousin, hear from a son.”

And he wrote the Arabic book, of the gospel, so the Messenger of Allah told him ﷺ when he saw, and he said: This is the law that was revealed to Moses so that I would like it so that I will be alive, and I will come to you.

 Warqa said: Yes, no man has ever come with what you brought, but come back to me, and if your day overtakes me, your victory will come.

Then he did not imply that a paper should be met, and the commandment should not even have a sad Messenger. Then he did not imply that a paper should be met, and the commandment should not even have a sad Messenger.

In order to deteriorate from the Jebel’s head, As he fulfilled a mountain’s allowance to throw himself out of it, He said, “Jehovah is truly Allah’s messenger.

So he will be in this way, and his soul is approved, and he will return, and if it is overlooking it, then the ritual of the life is like that.

surah al Alaq mp3

Download and listen to surah al Alaq  mp3 recited by many reciters  ( Download )

surah al alaq tafseer

Tafseer of the first verse

Read – O Messenger – what Allah has revealed to you; Opening in the name of your Lord, who created all creation.

Tafseer of the second verse

The man was created from a frozen piece of blood after it was a sperm.

Tafseer of the third verse

Read – O Messenger – what Allah has revealed to you, and your Lord is the Most Generous, whose generosity cannot be compared to Him, for He is a great deal of generosity and benevolence.

Tafseer of the fourth verse

Who taught calligraphy and pen writing.

Tafseer of the fifth verse

He taught man what he did not know.

Tafseer of the sixth verse

Indeed, an immoral person, like Abu Jahl, goes beyond the limits in transgressing the limits of Allah.

Tafseer of the seventh verse

In order to see him enrich himself with his prestige and money.

Tafseer of the eighth verse

Indeed, to your Lord – O man – is the return on the Day of Resurrection, and He will reward each with what he deserves.

Tafseer of the ninth verse

Have you seen the most amazing thing about Abu Jahl that forbids?

Tafseer of the tenth verse

Our servant Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace if he prays at the Kaaba.

Tafseer of the eleventh verse

Have you seen if this forbidden is based on guidance and insight from his Lord?!

Tafseer of the twelfth verse

Or he was ordering people to fear Allah by obeying His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.

Tafseer of the thirteenth verse

Do you think that if this forbidden person denied what the Messenger came with, and turned away from it, does he not fear Allah?!

Tafseer of the fourteenth verse

Did he not know that this servant forbids prayer and that Allah sees what he does, and nothing is hidden from him?!

Tafseer of the fifteenth verse

It is not as this ignorant person imagined, if he does not stop harming our servant and denying him, we will take him into the fire with the front of his head violently.

Tafseer of the sixteenth verse

The owner of that corner is a liar in saying, wrong in action.

Tafseer of the seventeenth verse

So let him – when he is taken with the front of his head towards the fire – call his companions and the people of his council; He uses them to save him from torment.

Tafseer of the eighteenth verse

We will call the treasurers of Hell among the harsh angels who do not disobey Allah as He commands them, and do what they are commanded, so let him see which of the two parties is stronger and more capable.

Tafseer of the nineteenth verse

The matter is not as this unjust imagines that he will reach you with evil, so do not obey him in order or prohibition, and prostrate to Allah, and approach him with acts of obedience, for it brings you closer to him.

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surah al alaq in english

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

  1. Proclaim! (or read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created-
  2. Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:
  3. Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful,-
  4. He Who taught (the use of) the pen,-
  5. Taught man that which he knew not.
  6. Day, but man doth transgress all bounds,
  7. In that, he looketh upon himself as self-sufficient.
  8. Verily, to thy Lord is the return (of all).
  9. Seest thou one who forbids-
  10. A votary when he (turns) to pray?
  11. Seest thou if he is on (the road of) Guidance?-
  12. Or enjoins Righteousness?
  13. Seest thou if he denies (Truth) and turns away?
  14. Knoweth he not that Allah doth see?
  15. Let him beware! If he desists not, We will drag him by the forelock,-
  16. A lying, sinful forelock!
  17. Then, let him call (for help) to his council (of comrades):
  18. We will call on the angels of punishment (to deal with him)!
  19. Day, heed him not: But bow down in adoration, and bring thyself the closer (to Allah)!

surah al alaq in roman english

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

  1. Iqra bismi rab bikal lazee khalaq
  2. Khalaqal insaana min ‘alaq
  3. Iqra wa rab bukal akram
  4. Al lazee ‘allama bil qalam
  5. ‘Al lamal insaana ma lam y’alam
  6. Kallaa innal insaana layatghaa
  7. Ar-ra aahus taghnaa
  8. Innna ilaa rabbikar ruj’aa
  9. Ara-aital lazee yanhaa
  10. ‘Abdan iza sallaa
  11. Ara-aita in kana ‘alal hudaa
  12. Au amara bit taqwaa
  13. Ara-aita in kaz zaba wa ta walla
  14. Alam y’alam bi-an nal lahaa yaraa
  15. Kalla la illam yantahi la nasfa’am bin nasiyah
  16. Nasiyatin kazi batin khaatiah
  17. Fal yad’u naadiyah
  18. Sanad ‘uz zabaaniyah
  19. Kalla; la tuti’hu wasjud waqtarib (make sajda)

surah al alaq in arabic

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
1. اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ
2. خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ
3. اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ
4. الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ
5. عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ
6. كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ
7. أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ
8. إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ
9. أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ
10. عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ
11. أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ
12. أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ
13. أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ
14. أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ
15. كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ
16. نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ
17. فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ
18. سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ
19. كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩




surah alaq summary

Alaq surah, also called Surat (iqraa), and surah iqra is the first of the Qur’anic surahs to be revealed to the Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him. ) He did not stay with it until he read it. Then Allah revealed (Read in the name of your Lord who created).

Surat alaq began with the grace of Allah Almighty with his removal of the Qur’an. The Almighty said: (Read in the name of your Lord, who created {1} created man from a relationship {2} Read and your Lord is the most honorable {3}.

Then iqra bismi rabbika surah talked about man’s tyranny in this life with strength and wealth and his rebellion against Allah’s commands because of wealth, while he should be thankful for the blessing, not deny it. The Almighty said: (No, man can be overwhelmed {6} if he sees him suffices Allah {8} )

And then it dealt with the story of (Abu Jahl), who was threatening the Messenger, peace, and blessings be upon him, and forbidding him to pray.

 The Almighty said: (Have you seen the One who forbids {9} a slave when he prays {10} Do you see if he is on Allah {I see} {11} And he turned away {13} Did he not know that Allah sees (14})

surah iqra bismi followed the verses with the warning of that unbeliever with severe punishment if he persists in his misguidance as I commanded the Noble Messenger not to listen to him, the Almighty said: (No, if he does not finish, we will blast at the corner (15) a false forelock) a sinner {17}.

surah Iqra concluded with the call to prayer and worship so that the beginning would be consistent with the conclusion, the Almighty said: (No, do not obey Him, and prostrate and draw near (19)).