The month of muharram is the first month of the Hijri year, and the muharram month is one of the four sacred months in which fighting is forbidden for Muslims.

And the name Muharram( Arabic : محرم is the name given to this month after Islam. Rajab and the Noble Qur’an mentioned in Surah al-Tawbah, the most sacred months, and the ruling on fighting in it

“إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَقَاتِلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ كَافَّةً كَمَا يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ كَافَّةً ۚ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ”. 

And the beginning of the month muharram is the beginning of the Hijri calendar for Muslims, who relied in his calculation on the blessed Prophet’s migration to start this calendar. It took place in the month of Rabi’ al-Awwal.

when is muharram?

Moharram is the first Hijri month in the Hijri calendar. The Hijri calendar depends on the cycle of the moon to calculate and determine the new month on an ongoing basis, and it is one of the sacred months in which fighting is forbidden. 

Muslims celebrate the Islamic calendar muharram because of its distinctive dates, the most important of which is the day of Ashura, in which Allah saved Moses on it. 

Peace and his people from the destruction of Pharaoh, so we find many fasting on the day of Ashura, the Prophet of Allah Adam, peace be upon him, died in the month of mahoram.

According to the monthly calendar, Umm Al-Qura, the first of Muharram 1444 will be on Saturday 30-7-2022, and through the following Hijri calendar 1444, everyone will be able to know the date of religious events.

when is the 10th of muharram?

Ashura, the 10 muharram 1444 will fall on the Gregorian calendar on Monday, August 8, 2022, and this day is one of the important days for Muslims of different sects and sects, and in the modern era.

Some countries celebrate this day by granting their employees an official holiday on this occasion. 

And not all Arab and Islamic countries consider this day an official holiday. Rather, it is a normal working day, in which Muslims fast in commemoration of the Prophet of Allah Moses, peace be upon him.

how is muharram celebrated?

New Year’s Eve is an important event for Muslims, and the occasion is celebrated by Muslims around the world, because of the beginning of the establishment of the Muslim state.

Where Muslims in Mecca were harmed by the polytheists, and the call and agony of all those who believed in the Prophet were inflicted upon him.

The prophet felt that he must emigrate to a safe and more stable country, so that he could spread the message of Islam and deliver it to the whole world, without feeling the serious danger to the lives of Muslims.

Their money and themselves, so the Prophet emigrated to Medina to establish the Islamic State there, and then started spreading the Islamic call from Medina to the whole world.

On this day, Muslims exchange congratulations and share customs that vary from place to place to celebrate the Hijri New Year;

in Egypt

In Egypt, celebrating The Feast of The Hijri Ismaa is full of joy and happiness, where greetings for the Hijri New Year spread among people, and they gather to talk about the events of the prophetic migration, and this day is preferred.

They also wear new and beautiful clothes that indicate the arrival of Eid, and eat a lot of sweets, in addition to the delightful behavior of children playing and singing.

In Turkey

The state is launching fireworks, celebrating and delighting in the coming of a new Hijri year, and many people gather to watch these cheerful games and then distribute sweets and sugars to children.

In Tunisia

The celebrations are most evident in Tunisian villages and in rural areas, where villagers gather to slaughter sheep in celebration of the New Year.

Eat the food of the Tunisian people, and children gather around the fireplace fire to grill eggs collected in advance during their tours among the villagers.

In Mecca

At the beginning of each Hijri year, the people of Mecca recite prayers, exchange blessings on the Hijri New Year, and eid takes on a character dominated by joy.

And practices a number of customs and traditions rooted in memory and inherited over the years, and from their customs known to eat special dishes on this holiday, out of optimism by the new year, which will carry green to their country and goodness to its people.

The New Year of Migration is a special occasion for Muslims, and Muslims celebrate every year, beginning in the first year of Muharram.

Because it is very important to remind Muslims of the events of the prophet’s migration, and that day is determined by the lunar calendar.

when does muharram start?

Muharram or Moharram or mahoram al-Haram is the first month of the lunar year or the Hijri calendar. In the pre-Islamic period, his name was Mutamar or the Conference, while the month of Rajab was called the month of Rajab during the pre-Islamic era of Muharram. 

Muharram is so named because it is a sacred month, and it is one of the four sacred months, during which Muslims do not make it permissible to fight, in which God said:

(إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَأوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَقَاتِلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ كَافَّةً كَمَا يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ كَافَّةً ۚ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ)

when does muharram end?

This year, muhharam ends on August 27, 2022.

why is muharram celebrated

The month of muharram includes many occasions, where the Hijri New Year is celebrated at the beginning of this month, and the 10 muharram coincides with the day on which Allah saved Moses from Pharaoh.

And his fasting is desirable for the Sunnis and the community. Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas said: 

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura, so he said: What is this? They said: This is a righteous day, this is the day Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy, so Moses fasted on it.

Also, his fasting has great merit with the Sunnis and the community, as his fasting expiates the sins of the previous year, as a Muslim narrated in his Sahih on the authority of the Prophet saying.

“The day of Allah is to be atoned for the Sunnah before him and the Sunnah that after him, and in the fast of the day of Allah. 

Al -Bukhari narrated in his Sahih on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, saying: “I have not seen the Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, is the fast of a day, and he preferred it to others except for this day.

what month is muharram in calendar?

When opinion settled in the year 17 AH on choosing the year of migration as the beginning of Islamic history, a dilemma arose; The Muslims had to choose a month with which to start their calendar, just as they chose a year for this beginning.

Some companions suggested to Omar, may Allah be pleased with him, that this month should be Sha’ban, and some of them suggested Ramadan, but the opinion eventually settled on working with the advice of Othman bin Affan.

By adopting Muharram as the beginning of the Hijri year on the grounds that people departed from their pilgrimage, which is the month of Allah. 

It is the month that the Arabs chose as the beginning of their year before the advent of Islam, and the Prophet ³ after Islam called it the month of Allah, and it was added to Allah in honor of him and to indicate his grace and honor.

Al-Hasan Al-Basri said: “Allah opened the year with a forbidden month, so there is no month in the year after Ramadan that is greater in Allah’s sight than Muharram.” It was called the ‘Holy Month of Allah’ due to the severity of its prohibition. 

And the first day of Allah’s month of Muharram is glorified because it is the beginning of the year and the beginning of the Hijri year (New Year). 

The beginning of the first Hijri year falls on Thursday, July 15, 622 AD, and this year is called the year of permission, i.e. permission for the Messenger and his companions to migrate from Mecca to Medina.

who celebrate muharram Shia or Sunni?

The muharram month is celebrated by the Sunnis, while for the Shiites it is the month of sorrows.

why do shia hit themselves in muharram?

The Shiites made Ashura, the 10 muharram, a day of grief, crying, howling, scarring, and condolences, which they cherish themselves.

And cherish each other on the anniversary of the death of Hussein bin Ali, who was killed on the 10 muharram at the Battle of Karbala in 61.

On this day, Shiites hold lectures explaining to people the killing of Hussein bin Ali, crying over him, crying and telling his whole story, and then slapping and beating themselves.

And then on this day the Shiites visit the Husseinian threshold in Karbala, and perform all the special rituals and rituals on this visit.

Black Phelps, slapping and chaining themselves in mass processions on the roads, continues to this day in a number of Shiite-populated countries, such as Iraq, Lebanon, Bahrain, Azerbaijan, India, and others.

Twelver Shiite jurists believe that the fasting of Ashura is hated in Islam, although it is necessary to fast only from water, as a result of feeling thirst for Hussein on the day of his death.

Shiites forbid fasting today, believing that fasting is the work of the Sunnis and the Jamaa, and they see that the Sunnis and the Jamaa fasted this day with joy and pleasure in their victory over Hussein, so Shiites are also depriving ashura fasts and success ability.

why is muharram a sacred month?

The muharram date is one of the holy months that Allah almighty has created and mentioned in the Holy Quran, and the Almighty said: “Several months for Allah twelve months in the Book of Allah on the day of the creation of heavens and earth, four of which deprived that valuable religion, so do not oppress yourselves.”

He likes to fast on Ashura, and abu Qatada, may Allah bless him, is welcome from the Prophet, peace be upon him, who said: “The fast of Ashura is disbelieving last year, and the fast of Arafa is disbelieving for two years: the past and the future.”

This month, Allah honored him among other months, and he was called the Forbidden Month of Allah, adding it to himself, honoring him, and indicating that he had deprived him himself and that no one of creation had analyzed it. The Prophet also showed the prohibition of Allah for these holy months.

Among them is the month of the Forbidden, for which Abu Bakra, may Allah rest his soul, told the Prophet: “Time has turned around as its body on the day Allah created heavens and earth.

Twelve months of which four sanctuary, three sequences: Dhul Al-Qada, Dhul-Hijjah, Al-Muharram, and Rajab Mudhar, which is between Jamadi and Shaaban.”

can we fast only on 10th muharram?

It was reported that fasting the day of Ashura is not obligatory, rather it is a Sunnah and it is Sunnah to fast the ninth day with it, and you can fast it only or you can fast the two days. 

It is desirable as well as the day of Ashura, and it is not obligatory, and there is no legal objection to fasting on the day of Ashura alone.

muharram fasting

Fasting in the month of muharram month is a great worship, and the best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Muharram.

However, fasting on the tenth day of this month is the best fasting, and it is the day of Ashura, and this day has an advantage, and its fasting is a virtue, which Allah.

The Most High – singled it out for it, and the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – fasted and urged him to fast.

And Allah – the Most High – has arranged for his fasting to be rewarded. The big one, it atones for the sins of the previous year.

what happened on 10th muharram?

Some historians spoke of many events that occurred on the tenth of Muharram, such as that the Kaaba was covered before Islam on the day of Ashura.

Then she was clothed on the Day of Sacrifice. It is the day on which Allah repented of Adam, the day Allah saved Noah and brought him down from the Ark.

On which Allah rescued His Prophet Abraham from Nimrod, and on which Allah returned Joseph to Jacob, and the day Allah drowned Pharaoh and his soldiers and saved Moses and the Children of Israel.

And in it, Allah forgave His Prophet David, and in it Solomon gave his kingdom, and in it the Prophet of Allah Jonah was expelled from the belly of the whale.

what is forbidden in muharram?

In the four months of the Hijri calendar, three consecutive months appeared: “Dhu al-Qada, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram”, respectively, the most famous of which is the Haram, where Arabs stop fighting in the pre-Islamic period.

Except to defend themselves and their land, and historical biographies and books indicate that the beginning of the months was the same, and this was a march towards peace.

And for the most famous haram some special rules and prohibitions that do not apply to other months Forbidden things in the months of the sanctuary, including:

  • To be prohibited from fighting the enemy where fighting is forbidden or starting to fight.
  • Caution in multiplying sin and deliberately in the act of sins and sins.

The most famous was the Haram in the law of Abraham, peace be upon him and continued until the arrival of Islam and its greatness, and the Arabs also glorifyed it before Islam, where they outlawed fighting there, until the Arabs began to use abuse in their calendar.

This has led to the delay of the holy months to speed up their lives, as the calendar is mentioned in the Qur’an in the form of denunciation, and this is stated in the saying of Allah Almighty.

But the abuse is an increase in disbelief that is misled by those who disbelieved and deny it for a year to collude with many of what Allah has forbidden, so that they will solve what Allah has forbidden for them to do, and Allah does not guide the disbelievers.

what is not allowed in muharram?

Islam’s preservation of these months has deprived it and prevented Muslims from violating it.

In the Prophet’s sunnah

Among them is the Prophet Muhammad in the hadith, “Time has turned like its body on the day Allah created the heavens and the earth, the year twelve months, including four sanctuaries;

In the Qur’an

I mentioned the most famous sanctuary in the Qur’an: “The many months of Allah are twelve months in the Book of Allah on the day of the creation of heavens and earth.

Four of which have deprived that valuable religion, so do not oppress yourselves and fight all the polytheists as they fight you all and know that God is with the devout 36

“Don’t oppress yourselves,” Qatada said, “Injustice in the months is the greatest sin and a ministry of injustice, although injustice is, in any case, great, Allah magnifies him what he wants. 

He said: “Allah lined up the line of his creation, lined up from the angels’ messengers and people’s messengers, lined up from the words mentioned, lined the ground mosques.

Lined up from the months Ramadan and the most famous sanctuary, lined up from the days on Fridays, and lined up from the nights of the night of destiny, and they magnified what Allah created.

what is the importance of Muharram?

The islamic calendar muharram is of great importance due to the events it includes this month, which is as follows:

1- On Hijri New Year, some Muslim countries celebrate the anniversary of prophetic migration, disrupting government offices, and celebrating the anniversary in the homes of Allah and through various media.

2- One of the seasons of this month is Ashura, the tenth day of which is the year of his fasting because the Prophet 8 when he presented to the city saw the Jews fasting on Ashura.

And said: What is this? They said: This is a good day, this is a day when Allah survived the children of Israel from their enemy, The Schizophrenia of Moses (peace be upon him), and the Prophet said 7 (I am more deserving of Moses than you) his schizophrenia and urged his fasting. Narrated by Bukhari.

3- The day before it is called the ninth and he likes to fast or fast on the eleventh day because the tenth is singled out by fasting alone in it, similar to the Jews. Ashura’s fast was supposed to be the month of Ramadan.

It was said that the word Ashura is Hebrew and means Ashour, the tenth of the first months of the Hebrew calendar, and was then approved in 4382 Hebrew.

4- One of the important events of this month was the arrival of the ahbash, the owners of the elephant led by the Abrah al-Ashram, to Mecca to demolish the Kaaba, and that year was called the Year of the Elephant See: The Kaaba.

5- This month, the kiss was spent in Beit al-Maqdis at the beginning of Islam, and it remained so for 16 or 17 months, after which it was converted to the Kaaba.

6- Basra was also kidnapped by order of Omar ibn al-Khattab in Al-Muharram from 14 Ah.

7- On the second of Muharram in the year 20 Ah, Egypt was opened by the Muslim leader Amr ibn al-As.

8- The 10th also agrees with the impact of Karbala, the battle in which Hussein bin Ali and his companions faced the Umayyad army, in which Hussein was martyred, in 61 Ah. Shiites consider this day a day of sadness and crying.

One of the incidents that are said to have occurred this month is that Allah almighty survived Noah and those who believed with him from drowning, in which Idris rose above the fourth sky, extinguished the fire of Nimrud from Abraham.

And returned to Jacob his son and sight, and he turned on David and made him a caliph in the earth, and responded to Solomon, his king, Angie Moses and his people from Pharaoh, in which Jesus was raised to Allah.

why celebrate muharram?

The month of muharram is celebrated because of its great merit for Muslims, and this credit can be summarized in the following points: 

1- The Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – added this month to the name of Allah – the Highest – and its increase in honor, veneration, and specificity with this addition. 

2- He made it the beginning of the Hijri year and came after the last month of it, Dhul-Hijjah, in which people perform Hajj and complete the pillars of their religion.

3- It was contained on the day of Ashura, on which Allah Almighty saved our master Moses, peace be upon him, from Pharaoh and his family when he made a dry path for him in the sea and drowned by his enemy. 

4- The month Allah is forbidden is the first month of the Hijri months, and the month of Muharram is one of the sacred months. Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab Mudar which is between Jumada and Sha’ban).

In the end, Muharram is the first month of the lunar year or the Hijri calendar, and it is one of the four sacred months, in which Muslims do not like fighting, and moharram is so-called because it is a forbidden month and an affirmation of its prohibition according to the Islamic religion.

This month was called mahoram because the Arabs were forbidden during war and raiding. Muharram is one of the sacred months mentioned in the Qur’an. 

A man would meet his father’s killer or his brother’s killer in it, and he would not provoke him out of respect for the sanctity of this month. And the Arabs used to forget it (delay it) and forbid it.

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summary

To summarise, the month of muharram is one of the greatly blessed months, in which good deeds are glorified. Islam singled out the muharram month with a number of great advantages and commanded Muslims to venerate these rites.

And seize the opportunity of reward and reward, and this month muharram was called by this name because the Arabs used to forbid fighting in it, as there is in the year The lunar months are four sacred months.

Moreover, the best fasting after the blessed month of Ramadan is fasting the month of Allah Muharram, and the evidence for this is what was mentioned in the honorable hadith, as the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – says: “The best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Allah mahoram.”

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