The battle of hunayn was preceded by a great event, which is the conquest of Mecca at the hands of the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – and his honorable companions. They agreed to fight the Muslims.

And defeat them after they became famous in the Arabian Peninsula, and they united with these tribes Nasr, Jashem, Saad bin Bakr, and some Banu Hilal.

Their hearts were filled with pride and astonishment because of the victory of the Muslims, and they went to Malik bin Auf Al-Nasri and decided to go to war against the Muslims.

hunain meaning

On the tenth day of Shawwal, it is said that in the eighth year of the Hijra, the Muslims arrived at Wadi Hanin”ghazwa hunain“, and Wadi Hanin is located next to Wadi Dhu al-Majaz near Taif.

And is three nights away from Mecca, and their number was twelve thousand, while the polytheists led by Malik Ibn Auf al-Nusri were two or more times more than them.

As the polytheists were lurking in the arrival of Muslims to Hanin, Malik Ibn Auf was aware of the nature of the battlefield and prepared for it, so he placed ambushes and distributed the army in the reefs of the valley Among its trees and turns, his plan was to surprise Muslims and terrorize them.

The Prophet resolved to fight because the number of Muslims was large in this invasion, they enticed each other and liked their many, and they said.

We will not prevail today from a few, as many young men came out with them out of enthusiasm and haste without armament, and some of them who did not prove faith in his heart were newly converted at the time of the conquest.

While the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was determined to break the thorn of the polytheists, he secured the army with equipment from spears and shields.

He (peace be upon him) took care of all the military details of the battle, worked hard to collect the news, and died, sending Abdullah al-Aslami to seize the conditions of the polytheists.

Their plans and the locations of their ambushes, so he went to them and stayed among them for two days, and then returned and told the Prophet (PBUH) what he saw.

Hiding fighters

When the Prophet (PBUH) sent Abdullah al-Aslami to poll for the news of the polytheists and the ambushes they had made, Abdullah did not mix well with the army and therefore did not know the exact details of their plans.

And when the polytheists prepared for battle, they prepared a whole year for this war, ambushed them, and spread throughout the valley and over the slope, where they erected archers to rain arrows on Muslims from each side on both sides of the valley.

Malik Ibn Auf stimulated and armed the army, telling them, “If you see the people, break the eyelids of your swords, tighten the intensity of one man on them,” and smash the sheath of their swords so that the fighting remains hot and irreversible.

Hawazen Tribe Fighters Attack Muslims

The polytheists preceded the battlefield and came to it, and set up ambushes and archers, Malik Ibn Auf was alerted to a way that forces his army to fight fiercely, so it was his opinion that the women of the fighters and their money should go out with them so that they would not flee.

So that he would put behind each fighter his money and offer, and fight for them, and then when the two gatherings met on the battlefield, and the barrage of arrows descended on the Muslims, it turned out that the news transmitted by Abdullah al-Aslami was wrong.

As he did not mix with them correctly to track their news accurately, as he was surprised Muslims were surprised by the polytheists, and Malik’s plan for some time succeeded in instilling terror in the souls of Muslims.

The Muslims were separated and their fear when he protected the bats

Many Muslims have passed away from literature, where every man fears war and flees himself, while the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) turned to the polytheists and remained with him a little repulsion, the Subhanah says.

“And on the day of nostalgia, because you liked so many of you, you did not sing anything about you and the earth narrowed down on you with what it welcomed and then let you be masterminded.”

Prophet’s Speech to Fighters

When the ranks of the Muslims were shaken, and the attacks of the polytheists on them joined hands and they fled, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said.

To Abbas: “The club of the owners of the tan”, and the tan is the tree under which the Muslims swore allegiance to the Messenger of Allah in Hudaibiya, and it was said that they are the people of the allegiance of Radwan.

And the voice of Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, was loud, and he called: “O owners of the tan, O people of Surat al-Baqarah and the family of Imran”.

And the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) set out with his mule towards the enemy as he said: “I am the prophet of Allah, I am not lying, I am the son of Abdul Muttalib.”

When Muslims looked at his determination and courage – peace be upon him – they were encouraged and fantasized and gathered around him, and the fugitives returned to the battlefield, and the image was overturned, and the Muslims took the reins of war.

Fighting Muslims and Joining Angels

When the Muslims gathered around the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and politely learned that Allah is the supporter of them, not by their abundance or by their weapons, but by His power alone, praise be to Him.

And supported their lack of sincere faith and the steadfastness of faith in their hearts, with angels to spread terror in the hearts of the polytheists, where He said in His Book: 

“Then Allah lowered His tranquility on His Prophet and on the believers and brought down soldiers that you did not see and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers.”

The angels descended in the form of black ants liquefying in the valley of Hanin, in support of Allah, and appeared to the unbelievers in the form of white men riding horses and wearing red turbans, sowing terror in the hearts of the polytheists.

Allah the Almighty supported His Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with a physical weapon, of gravel and dirt in his grasp (peace be upon him).

Where he received pebbles and dirt from all their eyes when he threw them into the faces of the polytheists, and said, “The faces were shattered” and then said, “Allah is your victory.

They were defeated and the Lord of Muhammad,” and he injured them all, dispersed the order of the polytheists, and destabilized their ranks.

The desertion of the army and the great defeat How was the end of the invasion of Hanin? 

After the Muslims gathered their strengths and arranged their ranks and became dominant, the polytheists fled from the nostalgic land to Taif to take refuge in a cultural fortress, and the Muslims followed them.

And besieged it with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), where the Muslims used new weapons for the first time, such as a catapult and wooden tanks that protect fighters from arrows.

In addition to the above, the prickly sense was used, which consists of two wooden pieces in the form of a cross with four heads, each head of which is a pointed division that hinders the march of the army and horses.

 Where the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) used them all in the siege of a cultural fortress and then chose – peace be upon him – a suitable place.

When the army of Muslims settles, close to the fortress, and then they were hit by a barrage of arrows, so Al-Habab ibn Munther advised them to move to an unexposed place, and he accepted his advice.

The Prophet also used psychological warfare in the battle of hunayn and propaganda, where he burned grape orchards and palms on the edges, and the people of Thaqif in Allah and the womb appealed to him not to burn him.

So he accepted – peace be upon him – and then called on them that whoever goes out to the fortress and offers us slaves is free, and then when it was found that.

The polytheists were broken and defeated, Nawfal ibn Mu’awiya al-Dili pointed out to him: “If he is a fox in a burrow, if you stay on him, you take him, and if you leave him he does not harm you.”

It means that the area in ghazwa hunain has come down under the rule of the Muslims and the fortress remained with those in it who do not harm or benefit, and it should be noted that some said.

O Messenger of Allah, call on culture, and he said (peace and blessings be upon him): “Allah has gifted a culture and entrusted them with it.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Was a great leader who accepted Shura, maneuvered in battles, and used new methods, but he remained the owner of a tender heart, calling for guidance to his enemies.

battle of hunayn date 

The conquest of ghazwa hunain was on the tenth of Shawwal of the eighth year of the Hijrah the Prophet left Mecca after Allah blessed him with its conquest, and the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) left Mecca not without Shawwal.

And his arrival to Haneen was on the tenth of it, this invasion took place in a place where he is told Hanin, a valley next to Dhu al-Majaz between him and Mecca a few dozen miles from Arafat’s side.

battle of hunayn location

Battle of hunayn is located in a valley located between Taif and Mecca based on what Imam al-Tabari said, and this valley is nowadays called the name of Da’an, and is called above the Sadr and below the canons.

Twenty-six kilometers from Mecca to the east, and from the borders of the Haram eleven kilometers, and in this valley “ghazwa hunain” a nostalgic invasion took place between Muslims and polytheists in the eighth year of the Hijra, and the invasion ended with the victory of Muslims over their enemies.

battle of hunayn facts

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) decided to go out to fight in an intermediate place between Hawazen and Mecca, choosing not to wait in Mecca. 

This is very great wisdom, because if he stays in Mecca and Malik Ibn Auf invades it with his army, the people of Mecca may cooperate with him. 

Meanwhile, the people of Mecca were newcomers to the era of human beings and ignorant, and this is a disaster, because the war will become from inside and outside, and then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) preferred to take his army to an open place far from Mecca.

Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also decided to go out at full military capacity and take with him twelve thousand fighters with whom he had conquered Mecca before because the numbers of Hawazen are huge and large. 

He also took with him from inside Mecca the free Muslims who had been converted to Islam at the conquest, with great foresight from the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

If left in Mecca, they might turn into infidelity again, and they might break away from the Islamic State in Mecca, especially if Muslims were defeated by Hawazen.

On the other hand, the Prophet was not satisfied with the weapon of the Muslim army with which he conquered Mecca, although this weapon is one of the good and very powerful weapons, as evidenced by Abu Sufyan’s fascination with him when he saw the Muslim army. 

However, he did not settle for it, nor did he limit himself to arming the Muslims at large, but also sought to make a major military deal to strengthen the Muslim army.

He himself (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to the arms dealers in Mecca, and at the head of these merchants were Safwan ibn Umayyyah and Nufal ibn al-Harith ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib.

And these two were still in their company at the time, and he asked them for weapons as a metaphor for rent and guarantee, so that Safwan ibn Umayyad asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while he was still on his infidelity: Rape Muhammad? 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) paid great attention to the night guard lest he is suddenly surprised, and placed on it Anas ibn Abi Murthed.

Muslim Army Census

The Prophet went out with twelve thousand fighters in the Muslim army, and not all the Muslim army of the Prophet’s companions were immigrants and partisans, but there were many who had recently converted to Islam after the conquest of Mecca.

Hawazen’s army numbered thirty thousand fighters led by Malik Ibn Awf, and Malik Ibn Auf ordered his people to all go out to meet the Muslims and take with them their women, sons, money, sheep, camels, and cows with them in battle.

This is so that the fighters do not flee the battlefield. One of its sheikhs, Duraid ibn al-Sama, who was one hundred and sixty years old, came out in Hawazen’s army and had knowledge and experience in the arts of war and fighting methods. 

When he learned of Malik Ibn Auf’s order with his people to take out children, women, money, and livestock, Duraid denied this view and said that this did not benefit us, but Malik Ibn Auf insisted on his opinion and the army came out. 

Including him, and Duraid said to Malik Ibn Awf: “If you meet Muhammad face to face, know that you are defeated. Malik said to him, “And what do you think, then,” Duraid said.

“I lie to them, so go to Haneen and enter among the trees, and when the Muslims reach Wadi Hanin, go out on them and besiege them.

Battle of Hunayn map

1- The beginning of the invasion of Haneen

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) learned of the gathering of tribes under the banner of Malik ibn Auf in the valley of Utas, which is located near Haneen between Mecca and Medina.

So he went out in twelve thousand of the honorable companions and carried the banner of the immigrants Ali, Saad ibn Abi Waqqas, and Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with them).

And carried the banner of the Ansar al-Habab ibn al-Munther (may Allah be pleased with him), and the Prophet took over Mecca Atab ibn Usayd (may Allah be pleased with him), and made with him Muath ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him).

To know who remained of the people of the Sunnah, Fiqh, and the Qur’an, and the Muslims arrived at Wadi Haneen and militarized it, so the polytheists sent men to explore the news of the Muslims, and they returned in a state of fear and terror, and advised them to return.

The immigrant companions gathered with black and white flags, and the supporters with green and red flags around the Prophet (PBUH), and many of them were impressed, saying.

“We will not prevail today from a few”, and the Prophet (PBUH) wore the war dress, rode his white mule, walked them towards Wadi Hanin, urged them to fight, preached victory and conquest, and sent Abdullah ibn Abi Hadard to explore the news of the polytheists.

So he went and came back and told them what he heard and witnessed, and the fighting began with an attack by the Hawazen tribe on the Muslims just before the dawn of the sun.

Some Muslims were exposed to the polytheists, and they begged the Adbar, and the Prophet (PBUH) called for encouraging Muslims to fight, then advanced with his bayonet, and the polytheists were defeated.

And then Abbas called on the companions to gather around the Prophet (PBUH) to attack the polytheists, and the battle intensified, and the Prophet (PBUH) spoke and preached to the companions, and threw pebbles in the faces of the polytheists as he said: “The faces are shattered.”

2- The End of Haneen’s Invasion

It was proved with the Prophet (PBUH) a hundred fighters, and the companions began to call on each other to meet, and Um Salim bint Malhan told the Prophet (PBUH) not to pardon the fugitives, and the companions began to kill the polytheists.

And the Prophet (PBUH) forbade them from killing the offspring, and Allah (PBUH) threw fear into the hearts of the polytheists, killing about a hundred of them, and the tribe of Thaqif fled, and after the polytheists fled, the Prophet followed them to Taif, and it was an extension of Haneen’s invasion.

One of the events of the invasion of Haneen after Hawazen’s attack on the Muslims was the preoccupation of some of them with collecting spoils, so the polytheists attacked them with arrows.

So the people of Mecca fled, and those who were close to Islam fled, and the Prophet (PBUH) remained steadfast on his mule, saying: “I am the Prophet not lying, I am the son of Abdul Muttalib”, and the news of his death was rumored.

So some Muslims fled and some of them were proven, and when they learned of the life of the Prophet – peace, and blessings be upon him – they returned to him, and the battle turned in favor of Muslims.

3- After the end of the battle

The spoils were distributed to the author of their hearts from the hadiths of Islam, and the supporters did not take anything from them so that faith could be in their hearts, and Allah (Almighty) revealed his saying.

“Allah has won you in many places and a nostalgic day, because you liked so many of you, so you did not sing anything about you, and the earth narrowed down on you with what it welcomed.

And then let you be masterminded* and then Allah lowered His tranquility on His Prophet and on the believers, and brought down soldiers that you did not see and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers.”

4- The result of Haneen’s invasion

The conquest of the battle of hunayn was the battle that exhausted the power of the polytheists and dispersed their gathering, and the conclusion was in the face of Arab paganism, as it is education from Allah – Almighty.

To the honorable companions by stating the source of their victory, and keeping them away from being deceived by many, and that the lesson of battles is in the rings, for saying – Almighty.

Then Allah brought down His tranquility on His Prophet and on the believers and brought down soldiers that you did not see and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers.”

The end is torment for the unbelievers, victory for the believers, in addition to being the product of successive Muslim victories over other tribes, and the number of martyred companions in them amounted to four.

Ayman ibn Obaid, Yazid ibn Zama’a ibn al-Aswad ibn al-Muttalib ibn Assad, Saraqa ibn al-Harith ibn ‘Adi, and Abu Amer al-Ashari, while the number of dead among the polytheists reached more than seventy dead.

who won the battle of hunayn?

For Muslims, battle of hunayn

is a great experience that they fought in front of their enemies, they saw the power of the polytheists and fled from them who entered Islam new, and then in the same battle they lived the pleasure of victory.

As was the the battle of hunayn the last invasion waged by Muslims against the polytheists on the island, and the Muslims came out of it with great spoils, represented by the capture of six thousand, and among them was the sister of the Prophet from lactation; 

Shaimaa bint al-Harith al-Saadiyah, when they brought her she introduced herself to the Messenger of Allah, so he knew her and spread his robe for her to sit on it, and then returned her to her people.

Of the spoils obtained by the Muslims; twenty-four thousand camels, more than forty thousand sheep, and silver of four thousand ounces, and the Messenger of Allah did not distribute them, he collected them and placed them in Jaarana.

And made Mas’ud ibn Amr al-Ghafari a guard over them, and postponed their division after he finished the invasion of Taif and the victory of the Muslims in this invasion.

Was not in large numbers; but rather by what was instilled in their hearts of faith in Allah that pushed them to remain on the battlefield and fight against their enemy.

The fate of Hawazen after the invasion of Haneen

Those who survived the polytheists returned to Taif with their commander Malik ibn Awf, while the fugitives were joined by the Messenger of Allah groups of Muslims to kill them.

Where Obaid ibn Sulayem al-Aslami sent Khalaf who fled to Utas, killing three hundred dead, including Duraid ibn al-Samma of Bani Malik, as well as killing a large number of Bani Nasr from the tribe of Raab.

And wounding Obaid al-Aslami during the fighting, handing over the leadership of the Muslims to Abu Musa al-Ashari, and asking him to deliver his peace to the Prophet and that He forgave him, and fought the Muslims until they won the victory.

The Collapse of Paganism in Arabia

The ghazwa hunain was the last invasion of the Muslims, after which the forces of the enemies emptied, their crowds dispersed, and Allah gave their hearts to Islam, and perhaps one of the greatest things that Islam and Muslims came out of this invasion.

The defeat of polytheism, and the destruction of what they worshipped idols, and delegations then began to come to Medina announcing their entry into Islam.

While the tribes that insisted on their stubbornness were sent by the Messenger of Allah a group of companies that eliminated their resistance, and the tenth year of migration came only Islam manifests itself in Arabia.

Except for a group of Jews and Christians residing in it within the terms and conditions they agreed upon with Muslims, the most prominent of which is to pay jizya, stay under the authority of the Muslim ruler, and not deviate from it.

This ghazwa hunain was a great lesson in the Islamic faith

And a practical practice to understand the law of causes and causes; the Badr Incident taught the Muslim community that if the few belief in Allah the truth of the faith, and take the reasons for victory.

Do nothing harm in the side of the multitude of enemies; then the ghazwa hunain has taught that group a new lesson, which is that the great multitude does not enrich anything, and does not work on the battlefields if it has not been armed with the weapon of faith and faith.

 

And if it is not I have adopted the reasons for victory and its laws. Victory, defeat, and the results of battles are not decided by many and few, but there are other things behind them, which are no less important, if not more important than they are to determine the outcome of any battle.

Muslims benefits of hunayn

Battle of hunayn was thus a lesson, from which Muslims benefited greatly and learned from the rules and laws of victory, the Almighty said: “If you triumph over Allah, He will triumph over you and stabilize your feet” (Muhammad:7).

Um Salim’s position in this battle shows the keenness of the Sahabiyat (may Allah be pleased with them) to participate in his calling, communicate his message, and confront his enemies.

One of the lessons learned from the battle of hunayn, and the lessons learned from it, is the wisdom of the policy of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in dividing and distributing spoils, for those who Islamized the year of conquest were specialized in more spoils than others.

 

And the rule of equality between combatants was not taken into account in that division. This is an indication that the Imam of Muslims can act as he deems appropriate and most appropriate for the benefit of the Ummah as a religion and a world.

 

According to some of his actions (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in ghazwa hunain, the primary motive behind the legitimacy of jihad was to invite people to the religion of Islam, guide them to the straight path.

 

And guide them to the right religion, which is the main goal for which the Sharia of Islam came; His position (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) towards Malik ibn Auf – who was the main engine.

 

And the first guide of the ghazwa hunain – testifies to this meaning that he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked his companions about Malik, and they said: He is in Taif with Thaqif, and he said to them.

 

Tell him, that if a Muslim comes, his family and money will respond to him, and I will give him a hundred camels, and Malik will tell him so, and he will follow the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) until he realized it.

 

And his family and money replied to him, and he gave him a hundred camels, and he delivered and improved his Islam. The news was mentioned by Ibn Isaac.

 

All this – and many others – clearly indicates that jihad in its origin is nothing but the exercise of the function of promoting virtue and preventing vice, and that the basic function of jihad, and the goal of its legislation, is to invite people to the true religion, and to ensure their freedom to adopt this religion.

What does the Holy Quran say aboy hunayn

The Holy Qur’an showed that Muslims were impressed by their large number, the Almighty said: ﴿And the day of nostalgia because you liked so many) and then the Qur’an showed that this abundance does not benefit ﴿ It did not sing anything about you).

 

The Holy Qur’an shows that Muslims were defeated and fled, except for the Prophet and a walking aversion to his companions, the Almighty said: ﴿The earth has narrowed down on you with what it has welcomed and then let you be masterminded).

 

The Holy Qur’an showed that Allah the victory of His Prophet in this battle and honored Him by bringing down serenity on Him and on the believers, and He said: Then Allah lowered His tranquility on His Prophet and on the believers.

 

And He brought down soldiers that you did not see, and He tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers.

 

The Holy Qur’an shows that Allah provided His Prophet Muhammad with angels in Haneen and said: ﴿And He brought down soldiers that you did not see and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers.

 

He affirmed that he accepts repentance from his servants and reconciles whoever he wishes.

To her, the Almighty said: Then Allah then repents of whomever He desires and Allah is forgiving and merciful.

 

The admiration for the multitude prevented Muslims from winning at the beginning of the battle, and the Holy Qur’an expressed this by saying: Allah has won you in many places and a nostalgic day, as you liked so many of you.

 

So you did not sing anything about you, and the earth narrowed down on you with what it welcomed, and then let you be masterminded. 

 

Thus, the Prophet began to observe Muslims and carry out the apparent deviations in perception and behavior, even in the most serious circumstances of confrontation with his ruthless opponents.

 

The admiration for the multitude prevented Muslims from winning at the beginning of the battle, and the Holy Qur’an expressed this by saying: Allah has won you in many places and a nostalgic day, as you liked so many of you.

 

So you did not sing anything about you, and the earth narrowed down on you with what it welcomed, and then let you be masterminded. 

 

Thus, the Prophet began to observe Muslims and carry out the apparent deviations in perception and behavior, even in the most serious circumstances of confrontation with his ruthless opponents.

 

The attitudes of the free people are a day of nostalgia

In this difficult situation, the positions of the freemen differed, as some of them declared their infidelity after being a pretender to Islam, such as Kalda ibn al-Hanbal.

 

But then he was delivered and had company, this man said at the time: Not the hero of magic today. He accuses the Prophet of witchcraft, even though he is outside with Muslims as a Muslim. 

 

Some of them did not stop at blasphemy, but tried to kill the Prophet like Shaybah ibn Uthman, and thanks to Allah he then delivered and improved his Islam. Some of them showed schadenfreude without showing disbelief as Abu Sufyan, the leader of Mecca, who said: Their defeat does not end without the sea.

Leaving the love of the world is a victory for Islam

Muhammad saw that the freed and the Arabs, the spoils, should be composed to compose their hearts for the newness of their reign in Islam, so he gave the leaders of the Quraysh, Ghatvan and Tamim a great gift.

 

As the gift of one of them was one hundred camels, including: Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, Suhail ibn Amr, Hakim ibn Hizam, Safwan ibn Umayyya, Ayina ibn Husn al-Fazari, al-Aqra’ ibn Habs, Mu’awiya and Yazid, sons of Abu Sufyan, and Qais ibn ‘Uday.

 

The aim of this rewarding giving was to transform their hearts from love of the world to love Islam, or as Anas ibn Malik said: If a man is to deliver what he wants but the world, what is delivered so that Islam may be loved to him from the world and what is on it.

 

Safwan ibn Umayyad expressed this by saying: “The Messenger of Allah has given me what he has given me and it is to hate people to me, he continues to give me even to love people to me.”

 

The events of the Ansar were influenced by this giving by virtue of their human nature, and an article was repeated among them, which took into account this objection and worked to remove tension.

 

And showed them the wisdom in dividing the spoils, and addressed the Ansar with a speech of faith, mental, emotional and emotional, what the Muslim reader throughout the eons and the den of the ages.

 

And the succession of time has only to cry when he passes through this great event, when Saad entered upon the Messenger of Allah and said: O Messenger of Allah, this neighborhood of Ansar has found you in themselves when you were made in this foul that you were injured.

 

You were divided in your people and you were given great gifts in the tribes of the Arabs, and there was nothing in this neighborhood of Ansar of them. He said, “Where are you from that, Saad?” he said, “O Messenger of Allah, I am only of my own nation,” he said, “Gather for me your people in this barn?”

 

So he left them, and they entered, and others came and answered them, and when they met, Saad came, and he said: This neighborhood of supporters has gathered for you, and the Messenger of Allah came to them.

 

And he praised Allah and praised him for what his people are, and then he said: “O Muasher al-Ansar, what did she say that she told me about you, and a grandmother you found in yourselves, did I not come to you misguided.

 

Then Allah guided you to me, and Ala, and Allah enriched you with me, and enemies and Allah composed you among your hearts?” Allah and His Prophet are safe and better, and then He said, “Don’t you answer me, Muasher al-Ansar?.

 

He said, “But by Allah, if you will, you will say, you will believe and you will believe: you came to us lying and we believed you, and you were let down and we won you, and a parcel and sheltered you, and a family and we were asinack.

Patience for the dryness of the Arabs

He was an example of an educator who was aware of their conditions, and what their environment and the nature of their lives brought them from cruelty, rudeness and individual spirit.

 

So he showed them and reassured them of their interests and treated them as much as their minds, so they had mercy and an educator and a reformer, so he did not follow the path of the kings of his time with their subjects who bowed before them or prostrated themselves.

 

And were without them obscured, and if they addressed them, they adhered to the phrases of glorification and reverence, as he does. 

 

The slave was with his Lord, but the Prophet was like one of them; they addressed him and reproached him, and he never hid from them, and the companions, may Allah be pleased with them.

 

Took into account politeness in His presence and addressed him in a low voice, and they entrusted him with great love in themselves, while the dryness of the Arabs.

 

The Qur’an violated them for their bad manners and dryness, and the loudness of their voices and their audacity in the nature of their address to the Prophet.

 

Abu Musa al-Ashari said: I was with the Prophet as he descended in Jaarana between Mecca and Medina with Bilal, and the Prophet Arabi came and said, “Do you not accomplish for me what you promised me?”. 

 

He said to him, “I preach,” and he said, “I have been more than I preach,” and he came to Abu Moses and Bilal as the body of anger, and he said, “Restore the gospel, accept you,” and they said, “We accepted.”.

 

Then he called with a mug of water in it, washed his hands and face in it, and masked in it, and then said, “Drink from it, and empty it on your faces, and we will turn you and preach it,”.

 

And they took the mug and they did, and Um Salama called from behind the jacket to prefer your mother, and I prefer her to a sect from him.

 

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said: “… When it was the day of nostalgia, the Messenger of Allah chose Nasa in the division, and he gave al-Aqraa ibn Habis a hundred camels.

battle of hunayn in quran

The battle of hunayn was mentioned in Surat Al-Tawbah, in the Almighty’s saying:

وَيَوْمَ حُنَيْنٍ إِذْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ كَثْرَتُكُمْ فَلَمْ تُغْنِ عَنْكُمْ شَيْئًا وَضَاقَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ ثُمَّ وَلَّيْتُمْ مُدْبِرِينَ  (25) ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَنْزَلَ جُنُودًا لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَعَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَذَلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ  (26) ثُمَّ يَتُوبُ اللَّهُ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَلِكَ عَلَى مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ.

Did the Muslims lose in the battle of hunayn?

After the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) threw a fist of dirt until the scales turned around, it was only a few hours before that enemy was defeated in a deniable defeat.

Where about seventy people from the tribe of Thaqif alone were killed, and the Muslim army acquired what the enemy had in terms of money, weapons and atrocities. 

This is the development that Allah the Almighty has referred to in His Holy Book, and the Almighty said: “Allah has won you in many places and on the day of nostalgia, because you liked so many of you, so you did not sing anything about you.

And the earth narrowed down on you with what it welcomed, and then let you be masterminded ﴿﴾ and then Allah brought down His tranquility on 0 His Prophet and on the believers, and brought down soldiers that you did not see and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers ﴿26.”

After the defeat of the enemy, a sect of them went to Taif, a sect of them to Nakhleh, and a sect of them to Utas, so the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent to Utas a group of stalkers.

Where they were led by the companions Abu Amer al-Ashari, may Allah be pleased with him, then there were skirmishes between the two teams and the fighting was little.

Then the army of enemies was defeated, and in those skirmishes, a few fights killed the companion commander Abu Amer al-Ashari, may Allah be pleased with him.

Another battalion of Muslim knights chased the polytheists who had fled and walked to the Palm Road, at which point that tribe realized Duraid ibn al-Samma, who had been killed by Rabia ibn Rafi’.

And as for most of the remnants of the enemies who had gone to Taif, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to them after collecting the spoils of the fighting.

In the end, the battle of hunayn is one of the important invasions in Islamic history, because the battle of hunayn is a great impact on the consolidation of the call of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula, and the establishment of the Islamic State.

And ghazwa hunain was under the leadership of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and Allah won the Muslims by opening Mecca, and the surrendering the Quraysh, and this had an impact on the Arab tribes.

So Hawazen and Thaqif were alerted to the strength of the thorn of Muslims, and resolved to prepare to fight them, where they said: “Muhammad is free to fight us, let’s invade him before they invade us.”

battle of hunain summary

The Muslim army came out and numbered twelve thousand fighters, but the Muslims were seduced by their abundance and said to each other we will not be defeated today by the few. 

While the Prophet was walking with the Muslim army on the mountain, the Prophet looked and found a large slope and then a wide valley and its vast area of trees on the right and north and found.

The army of Hawazen standing from a distance and the Prophet realized that the army of Hawazen lies in these trees, so the Prophet ordered one of the companions, named Anas ibn Abi Marthad.

To come with a horse and climb to the top of the mountain and stand on it so that he could observe the place from sunrise to sunset.

The Prophet also instructed him not to leave his place except to meet his need or to perform prayers. Anas complied with the Prophet’s command, and then the Prophet returned and the Prophet asked him: 

“Have you seen anything?” he said, “No and Allah,” and the Prophet said, “I preach to you paradise what has harmed you what you have done anymore.”

Then his first battalion, led by Khalid ibn al-Walid, began to descend this slope and when it descended, the ambushes of Hawazen’s army began to emerge from among the trees; 

The Muslim army was confused. The Almighty said: Allah has won you in many places and a nostalgic day, because you liked so many of you, so you did not sing anything about you, and the earth narrowed down on you with what it welcomed, and then let you be masterminded.

The narrator of the story says that some of those who were in the Muslim army who were running to Mecca do not turn back to the ferocity of the battle, and only a few of his companions remained with the Prophet and the Prophet began to call out and say.

“To the servants of Allah I am the Messenger of Allah and he was the first to answer the Prophet his uncle Abbas and the Prophet rejoiced because Abbas had a loud voice. The Prophet said to him.

“Call upon them, Abbas,” and he said, “What shall I say?” The Prophet said, “Say, O companions of Badr,” and Muslims began to gather around the Prophet, numbering 66 Ansar and 33 immigrants.

Then the fighting began to intensify and Abbas says from the intensity of the fighting the Prophet came down from his horse and rode his mule and headed it in the direction of Hawazen’s army.

And he said: “I am the Prophet I do not lie I am the son of Abdul Muttalib.” Then the Prophet took a fist of dirt in his hand and threw it in the direction of Hawazen’s army.

And said Shaht the faces of Allah your victory which you promised says Abbas so I did not see anyone from Hawazen except rubbing his eyes or mouth and the fighting intensified and the companions resorted to Allah the Almighty. 

Almighty Allah then lowered His tranquility on His Prophet and on the believers, brought down soldiers you did not see, and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers.

Allah brought down our master Gabriel and with him, battalions of angels from heaven that believers see as small black ants on the bodies of the unbelievers and the infidels see as white knights. 

Meanwhile, Khalid ibn al-Walid, the commander of the Muslim army, was lying on the ground with his whole body stabbed and the Prophet came, and he fell into his hand and wiped on Khalid ibn al-Walid’s body until he was acquitted.

Hawazen was then defeated and the army fled the battlefield, leaving behind tens of thousands of cows, sheep, and camels. Abu Sufyan came to the Prophet to take his share of the spoils.

And the Prophet gave him one hundred ounces of gold and the same amount of silver, and he asked for his sons, and the Prophet gave it to him. 

Safwan ibn Umayyeh came and the Prophet gave him one hundred ounces of gold, one hundred silver ounces, and one hundred nagas.

Safwan says – and he was still an infidel – Muhammad still gives me until I loved him. The Prophet’s share of the spoils was a camel between two mountains. One of the Arabs, looking at the Prophet’s share.

Said to him, “Do you like it?” He went to her while turning around and then he took the camels to drive them to his people and said, “O people of Islam, I have come to you from the good of the people, that Muhammad gives a gift to those who are never afraid of poverty.”

The Prophet was keen to cut off the giving from the spoils, and the Ansar said that Muhammad had found his people in Mecca, and this was reached by Sa’ad ibn ‘Ubadah Sayyid al-Ansar.

So the Prophet went and told him what the Ansar had said, and the Prophet said to him: “What do you say, Saad? He said, O Messenger of Allah, “But I am a man of my own nation,” and he said. 

“If I gather the people,” the Prophet gathered the Ansar and said to them, “I have been informed about you by an article that you have found on me that I have found my family.

The beginning of the invasion

The Muslims were defeated at the beginning of the battle of hunayn, and most fled on the battlefield because they were surprised by what they did not expect. The defeat occurred in the first round for several reasons, including:

  • When they saw their number, a man of them said, “We will not prevail today from a few, and this was done to the Prophet and it was defeated.”
  • Young people who do not have enough weapons or weapons, but who have enthusiasm and haste, come out.
  • The number of polytheists was much more than twice as many as Muslims.
  • Malik Ibn Auf had preceded his army to Haneen, so he prepared there and placed ambushes and archers in the straits of the valley and on its sides, and surprised the Muslims, throwing them with darts and a surprise attack.
  • The enemy was prepared, organized, and ready to fight as soon as it confronted an army.
  • Muslims, the polytheists came up with the best ranks I saw: the horse row, then the fighter, then the women behind it, then the sheep, and then the blessings.
  • The presence of the weakest of faith who were newly converted in Mecca, who fled, and the first of them turned against the other, which was a reason for the imbalance and the defeat of others.

Wadi Hanin

When the Messenger of Allah arrived at Wadi Hanin, and if the enemy had preceded them to him, they surrounded the Prophet and his army and carried on them the campaign of one man.

And the people were defeated out of fear of them, he began to call “peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him”: “O people, come to me, I am the Messenger of Allah Muhammad ibn Abdullah”.

And no one will come to him! When the Prophet saw the defeat of the people about him, he said to Abbas, who was notorious for his voice: “The people called out and reminded them of the covenant,” and he called out in his loudest voice: 

O people of the allegiance of the tree, O owners of Surat al-Baqarah! Where are you fleeing? Remember the covenant that you pledged to the Messenger of Allah.

Steadfastness in the Invasion of Haneen

It was proved with the Prophet on the day of nostalgia ten or twelve, and it was said: eighty, and it was said: hundred. Ibn Hajar al-Ashkalani and most of the scholars of the Sunnis suggested.

That they were ten, that they were ten: Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, Omar ibn al-Khattab, Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, al-Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, his son al-Fadl, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith, his brother Rabia, Osama ibn Zayd.

And his brother from his mother Ayman ibn Um Ayman, and then others who quickly returned to the battle counted among those who were not defeated.

While the Shia scholars did not mention Abu Bakr, Umar and Ibn Mas’ud in them, they said that they were only nine of the Bani Hashim: Ali ibn Abi Talib, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, al-Fadl ibn al-Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib.

Rabia ibn al-Harith ibn Abd al-Muttalib, Nufal ibn al-Harith ibn Abd al-Muttalib, Abdullah ibn al-Zubair ibn Abd al-Muttalib, ‘Utbah and Mu’tab ibn Abi Lahab, Ayman ibn ‘Ubayd, the son of Umm Ayman Mawlat and Incubator of the Messenger of Allah, who was killed on the ghazwa hunain.

Um salim in ghazwa hunain

It is mentioned that Um Salim participated in battle of hunayn, and was with her husband Abu Talha, so Anas reported that Um Salim took a dagger on the day of Haneen, so he was with her, and Abu Talha saw her.

And he said: “O Messenger of Allah, this is Um Salim with a dagger”, and the Prophet Muhammad said to her: “What is this dagger?” “O Messenger of Allah, kill those who are after us who are free, who have defeated you?” and the Messenger of Allah said, “O Um Salim, Allah has had enough and is better.”

Defeat and victory

The Messenger of Allah was able to instill the spirit of jihad in the souls of Muslims again, and they were frightened and panicked and were about to flee completely and record the terrible defeat.

So the Muslims met again and attacked one attack on polytheist, and Ali ibn Abi Talib went to the owner of the banner of Hawazen and killed him, and after his death was the defeat the polytheists.

And so Allah wrote victory for His Holy Prophet and their victory with soldiers of angels, and to this victory, the Holy Qur’an indicates: Then Allah lowered His tranquility on His Prophet and on the believers and brought down soldiers.

That you did not see and tortured those who disbelieved, and that is the punishment of the unbelievers, Shaykh al-Mufid said: “And a man from Hawazen kissed a camel with a red flag.

In his hand in the head of a long spear in front of the people, if he realized a nail of Muslims he would fall on them, and if he missed the people he would raise it to those behind him who were polytheists.

Salma ibn al-Akwa said: “And the Messenger of Allah came down from the mule, and then he grabbed a fist from the dust, and then he received their faces and said, ‘The faces were shattered,’ and Allah left them with a human being but filled his eyes with dust with that fist.

And they were masterminded, and the Muslims followed them and killed them, and Allah sang them their women, their offspring, their will, and their money.”

When the enemy was defeated, a sect of them became Taif, a sect to a palm, and a sect to Utas, so the Prophet sent to Utas a company of stalkers led by Abu Amer al-Ashari, and the two teams fought a little.

And then the army of the polytheists was defeated, and in this skirmish, the commander Abu Amer al-Ashari was killed. Another sect of Muslim knights chased the remnants of the polytheists who had taken a palm.

Then during ibn al-Samma realized that Rabia ibn Rafi’a killed him, and most of the remnants of the polytheists who had taken refuge in Taif, the Messenger of Allah himself went to them after collecting the spoils.

Loss is human

He killed from Hawazen on that day of the battle of hunayn, and killed Duraid ibn al-Sama, the greatest of the people, and the Messenger of Allah said: “To the fire and the misery of fate, an imam of the imams of infidelity.

if he does not take care of his hand, he will help with his opinion.” Four Muslims were martyred that day: Ayman ibn ‘Ubayd, from Bani Hashim; Yazid ibn Zama’a ibn al-Aswad, from Bani Assad; Saraqa ibn al-Harith ibn ‘Adi, from al-Ansar; and Abu Amer al-Ashari, from the Ash’arites.

spoils

The Messenger of Allah returned to Jaarana with his fellow people, and swore by it what had been inflicted on the spoils of Haneen, namely: six thousand offspring and women, and of the beasts countless and unaware.

Sabaya

The Muslims of the polytheists on  ghazwa hunain had enslaved many slaves, numbering a thousand knights, and the spoils amounted to twelve thousand naqabs other than the methods.

Then I collected to the Messenger of Allah Sabaya Hanin and her money, and the spoils had to be Mas’ud ibn Amr al-Qari, and the Prophet ordered the Sabaya and the money to Jaarana and they were locked up. 

When she rose on his head, she said, “Muhammad, your sister Shaimaa bint Halima, and the Messenger of Allah took off his cold, and he simplified it for her, so he sat her down on it, and then he leaned on her and asked her, and she was the one who was hugging him because her mother was breastfeeding him.

 

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