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What is the meaning of as salamu alaikum? | Rahman School

as salamu alaikum

As salamu alaikum is one of the names of Allah the Almighty, and it is meant in martyrdom and in peace for the Muslim to pray for him to preserve and care, and that Allah will deliver him from all pests, Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in a Muslim commentary: 

“Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon us and on the righteous servants of Allah”, and his saying at the end of the prayer: (as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah) He said: It means to exalt Allah, and to fortify Him Almighty.

As-salamu alaikum is a name for Him Almighty, Allah’s appreciation for you is Hafeez and Kafil, as it is said: Allah is with you, that is, by preservation, aid and kindness, and it is said: It means safety and salvation for you, and it is a source of pleasure and pleasure as Allah the Almighty said: {Peace be upon you from the owners of the right}.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in the pleasant commentary: “a salaam alaikum” (peace be upon him) It was said: What is meant by peace: the name of Allah the Almighty because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: 

“Allah is peace” as the Almighty said in his book: {Holy King Peace} [Al-Hasher: 23] and based on this saying the meaning is: that Allah is upon the Prophet (as salam alaykum) by preservation, stewardship, care and so on as if we were saying: Allah be upon you.

That is: a censor who takes care of you, and what is more like that, and he said: Peace: the name of a source of peace in the sense of delivery as the Almighty said: 

{O those who believed, pray to Him and deliver a handover} [al-Ahzab: 56] The meaning of surrender to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): We call upon him to be safe from every scourge. All over.

He also said in the commentary of Riad Al-Salihin:

as-salaam-alaikum in the sense of praying for safety from every scourge, if you say to a person: Peace be upon you, it means that you are calling for him that Allah delivers him from every scourge: 

He delivers him from disease, from madness, he delivers him from the evil of people, he delivers him from sins and diseases of hearts, he delivers him from fire, it is a general term that means praying to the Muslim for safety from every scourge.

as salamu alaikum meaning

Imam al-Nawawi said: The meaning of as-salam alaikum: it was said: it is the name of Allah the Almighty, and he said: es salamu alaikum; that is, the name of peace be upon you, and it’s meaning:

The name of Allah is upon you; that is: you are in keeping it, as it is said: Allah is with you, and Allah accompanies you, and it is said: Peace in the sense of safety; that is, safety is inherent to you;

As-salamu alaykum is from the names of Allah 

(Allah the Almighty said: ﴿ He is the Allah who has no god but the Holy King, the Peace, the Believer, the Dominant, the Dear, the Mighty, the Arrogant, the Hallelujah of what they share ﴾ [Al-Hasher: 23].

1- Al-Bukhari narrated (in the singular literature) about Anas saying: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: 

“Peace is one of the names of Allah the Almighty, which Allah has placed in the earth; so spread peace among you”; (Hadith Hassan) (Sahih al-Adab al-Singular of the Albanian Hadith 1019).

2- Al-Bukhari narrated (in the singular literature) about Abdullah ibn Mas’ud who said: “Peace is one of the names of Allah, which Allah has placed in the earth; so they revealed it among you, that if a man surrenders to the people, they respond to him.

He has a degree of virtue over them because he reminded them of peace, and if he did not respond to it, the one who is better than him and the kindest of him replied to him” (meaning angels); (Hadith is true) (true the singular literature of the Albanian Hadith 793).

Assalamu alaikum is a greeting that Allah has pleased the servants: 

1- The sheiks narrated about Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), about a prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) who said: “Allah created Adam and his length is sixty arms, and then he said: 

Go and deliver to those angels, and listen to what greets you, greet you and greet your descendants, and he said: Peace be upon you, and they said: Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah.

And they increased him: and the mercy of Allah, for whoever enters Paradise in the image of Adam, creation is still lacking until now”; (Bukhari Hadith 6227 / Muslim Hadith 2841).

assalamu alaikum Greetings to the People of Paradise:

Allah the Almighty said: ﴿ The Garden of Eden they enter and those who are reconciled from their fathers, husbands, descendants, and angels enter them from every door * Peace be upon you with what you have patience so yes follow the house ﴾ [Al Raad: 23, 24].

And His Subhanna said: ﴿ Pray to them in it Almighty Allah and greet them in it peace and another they called that praise be to Allah the Lord of the worlds ﴾ [Younes: 10], and said most of his affairs: ﴿.

Greet them on a day of peace and prepare a reward for them Karima ﴾ [al-Ahzab: 44], and Subhanah said: ﴿ They shall not hear in it a language nor a sin * except to say peace and peace ﴾ [Fact: 25, 26].

Jews envy Muslims for alsalam:

1- Ahmad narrated about Aisha: that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “What envy the Jews for something has envied you for peace and security”; (Hadith is true) (Sahih al-Jami al-Albani Hadith 5613).

Say assalamu alaikum is one of the rights of a Muslim to his brother:

1- The sheiks narrated about Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) and said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: 

‘The right of a Muslim over a Muslim is five: the restitution of assalamu alaikum, the visit of the sick, the following of funerals, the answer to the call, and the sniffing of the attis’; (Bukhari Hadith 1240 / Muslim Hadith 2162).

2- Abu Dawood narrated about Imran ibn Husayn, he said: A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: as salamu alaikum, and he replied to him, and then he sat down, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: (Ten)).

Then another came and said: Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah, and he replied to him, and he sat down, and he said: (Twenty)), and then another came and said: Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, and he replied to him, and he sat down, and he said: ((Thirty)); (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abi David of the Albanian Hadith 4327).

3- A Muslim narrated about Abu Hurayrah who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not enter Paradise until you believe, and do not believe until you love, first of all I will show you something if you do it you will love?!

4- Imam al-Nawawi said:

His saying (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Do not enter Paradise until you believe” means: Your faith is not completed and your condition is not fixed except by love, but his saying: “Reveal peace among you” is by cutting off the open hamza.

And in it is the great exhortation to reveal peace and give it to all Muslims; those who knew, and those who did not know, as presented in the other hadith, and peace is the first reason for harmony and the key to bringing affection.

5- Then in revealing it enables the familiarity of Muslims to each other and shows them their distinctive slogan from other people of boredom, with its sport. The soul, the necessity of humility, and the greatness of the sanctities of Muslims; (Muslim in Sharh al-Nawawi vol. 1, p. 312).

6- Al-Tirmidhi narrated about Abdullah ibn Salam: that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O people, spread peace, feed food, pray and people sleep, enter paradise peacefully”; (Hadith is true) (Sahih al-Tirmidhi for Albanian Hadith 2019).

7- Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi said: One of the benefits of revealing as-salamu alaikum is the occurrence of love among the peaceful, and this was because of the coalition of the word so that the interest prevails in the occurrence of assistance in establishing.

8- The laws of religion and the shame of the infidels, a word that, if heard, saved the conscious heart of it from aversion to the demand for its saying; (Fatah al-Bari to Ibn Hajar al-Ashkalani, vol. 11, p. 21).

The disclosure of a salaam alaikum is one of the reasons for affection among Muslims:

 Judge Ayyad said: “Familiarity is one of the precepts of religion, the pillars of sharia, and a system that includes Islam” (Muslim in Sharh al-Nawawi vol. 1, p. 286).

1- Abu Dawood narrated about Abu Umama, who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first people in Allah are the ones who started them with as salam alaykum“; (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abu Dawood to the Albanian Hadith 4328).

2- Abu Dawood narrated about Abu Hurayra, about the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) who said: “If one of you meets his brother, let him be handed over to him, if a tree, a wall or a stone prevents them from coming between them, and then he throws him away, let him also be handed over to him”; (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abu Dawood to the Albanian Hadith 4331).

3- Al-Nawawi said, “If a man is handed over to you and then you meet him closely, you will be able to hand him over to him secondly, thirdly, and more” (al-Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 314).

4- Al-Bukhari narrated (in the singular literature) about ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab saying: I was the companion of Abu Bakr, and he passes by the people and says: Peace be upon you, and they say: As-salaam-alaikum and the mercy of Allah, and they say as-salam alaikum and the mercy of Allah, and they say es salamu alaikum and the mercy and blessings of Allah.

And Abu Bakr said: We preferred the people today by a lot more; (Hadith is true) (Sahih al-Bukhari’s singular literature of the Albanian Hadith: 758).

5- Al-Bukhari narrated (in the singular literature) about the parasite ibn Abi ibn Ka’ab: that Abdullah ibn Umar would come with him, and he would go with him to the market, he said: If we went to the market, Abdullah ibn Umar did not pass by a butcher, nor the owner of a sale.

Nor a poor man, nor anyone, except to hand it over to him, the parasite said: I came to Abdullah ibn Umar one day, and he followed me to the market, and I said: What is made on the market? And you do not stand on the sale, do not ask for goods, do not poison them.

Do not sit in the market councils, so sit with us here to talk, and Abdullah said to me: “Father of the belly – and the parasite was with a belly – but for the sake of peace, we surrender to those who have met us”; (True hadith) (True Literature of Bukhari of the Albanian Hadith: 406).

What is the reply to as salamu alaikum?

The response to as salamu alaikum is wa alaikum al salam, just as it is permissible for a Muslim to increase mercy upon her, so the response becomes,

as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah. And speaking of benefits of assalamu alaikum in addition to “Allah’s mercy and blessings” in some hadiths; 

1- Zayd ibn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was if he handed over to us, and we replied to him (as-salamu alaikum).

And we said: a salaam alaikum, mercy, blessings, and forgiveness of Allah be upon you. Al-Albani took him out in the right series and said: “Bukhari took him out in the great history.

2- Concerning Imran ibn Husayn, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: as salam alaykum, and he replied to him and he sat down, and he said: 

Twenty, and then another came and said: as-salaam-alaikum, the mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you, and he replied to him and sat down, and he said: Thirty, and in a narration: Then another came and said: Peace, mercy, blessings, and forgiveness of Allah be upon you, and he said: This is how virtues are. 

Some scholars spoke in Sindh, and Hafez Ibn Hajar weakened him in Fath al-Bari, and mentioned with him several hadiths about the increase over his blessings and the weakness of all of them and then said: These weak hadiths if the forces of what they have gathered from the legitimacy of the increase over his blessings join together. All over.

The response to as-salam alaikum is a duty and it is not correct to say it in itself, but it must be heard to the Muslim; the mayor of al-Qari explained Sahih al-Bukhari to al-Aini that he said: “It is not correct to respond until the Muslim hears it except if he is deaf and he should respond to it by moving his lips.”

3- Al-Nawawi said in total: Our companions said: “At the beginning of es salamu alaikum

and his answer, it is required to raise the voice so that the hearing can be heard. All over.

4- Al-Damiati said in the footnote to the aid of the students: The least that falls by the imposition of the return of assalamu alaikum is to raise his voice so that the Muslim hears him, and if he does not hear him, the imposition of the reply does not fall from him.

Ruling on Delivering As-salamu alaykum and Responding to It:

Allah the Almighty said: ﴿ And if you greet with a greeting, greet the best of it or respond to it that Allah was on all things calculating ﴾ [al-Nisa’a: 86].

This blessed verse is proof that the restoration of peace was imposed on every sane adult Muslim capable of restoring peace.

Ibn Kathir said: “Almighty Allah said: ﴿ And if you greet with a greeting, salute the best of it or respond to it ﴾ [al-Nisa’a: 86]; that is, if a Muslim is handed over to you, they respond to him better than he has delivered, or respond to him in the same way as he has delivered; the increase is delegated, and the same is imposed;

Al-Bukhari narrated about al-Hasan al-Basri saying: “Delivery is voluntary, and the response is an obligation”; (Hadith is true) (true singular literature.

Ibn Kathir said, commenting on the words of al-Hasan al-Basri, “This is what he said is the saying of all scholars; that it is obligatory to respond to those who have been handed over to him, and he will sin if he does not because he violated Allah command in saying: ﴿ Salute the best of them or respond to them ﴾ [al-Nisaa: 86].

Al-Qurtubi said: The scholars unanimously agreed that the beginning of peace is the desired year and that its response is an obligation, because it is said by the Almighty: ﴿ Salute the best of it or respond to it ﴾ [Women: 86];

The One Response to As-salamu alaykum About the jamaa:

1- Abu Dawood narrated about ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him), saying: He is divided from the group if they pass by to hand over one of them, and he is divided from sitting if one of them replies; (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abu Dawood to the Albanian Hadith: 4342).

2- Imam al-Nawawi said: The beginning of as salamu alaikum is a sunnah, and its response is a duty, if the Muslims is a group, it is a sufficient year for them, if some of them surrender, the sunnah of as-salamu alaikum occurred against all of them, if the Muslim is one who has to respond.

And if they are a group, the response is to impose sufficiency on them, if one of them responds, the embarrassment falls on the rest, and it is better for everyone to start with peace, and for everyone to respond; (Muslim with the explanation of al-Nawawi vol. 7, p. 394).

3- Al-Qurtubi said: One response to the jamaa, and acts on behalf of the rest, as the assumption of sufficiency; (The Collector of the Qur’anic Provisions of Qurtubi, vol. 5, p. 299).

Children Respond a salaam alaikum

has on behalf of the Taxpayers:

If a sane adult Muslim is handed over to a group that includes a boy, and the boy responds, and peace is returned only to this boy, he does not fall, because he is not worthy of imposition, and the response is imposed, so he does not fall by it; (al-Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 314).

Restoring as salam alaykum to children:

If a child is handed over to a man, the man must return the peace, for Allah the Almighty says: ﴿ And if you greet with a greeting, salute the best of it or respond to it ﴾ [al-Nisa’a: 86]; (al-Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 313: p. 314).

What is correct as salamu alaikum or Salam Alaikum?

A Muslim may limit himself to saying as-salaam-alaikum, and if he increases: (and the mercy of Allah) he is better, and if he increases on that: (and his blessings) he is better and more good.

The Muslim has to limit himself to reciprocating as-salam alaikum, and if it increases, it is better, for Allah, the Almighty says (And if you greet with a greeting, salute the best of it or respond to it) women/86.

And about Ibn ‘Abbas that ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while he was in his drink [a high room] and said: es salamu alaikum, O Messenger of Allah, peace be upon you, does Umar enter? Narrated by Abu Dawood (5203) and corrected by the Albanian in Sahih Abu Dawood.

Al-Tirmidhi (2721) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a man meets his Muslim brother, let him say: assalamu alaikum, the mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you” and the hadith was corrected by the Albanian in Sahih al-Tirmidhi.

Concerning Imran ibn al-Husayn, may Allah be pleased with them, he said: A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: As-salamu alaykum, he replied to him, and then he sat down.

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: (Ten) [meaning ten good things] and then another came, and he said: as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah, and he replied to him and sat down, and he said: (Twenty).

And then another came, and he said: Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, and he replied to him and sat down, and he said: (Thirty). Narrated by Abu Dawood (5195) and al-Turmidhi (2689), he said: Hadith Hassan, corrected by the Albanian in Sahih al-Tirmidhi.

Concerning Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, she said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me: “This is Jibril reading peace be upon you” and she said: I said: “as salamu alaikum, and the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him.” Narrated by al-Bukhari (3045) and Muslim (2447).

Al-Nawawi said in the chapter How to say as-salamu alaikum:

It is advisable for the novice of peace to say: ” as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah and blessings of Allah be upon you”, and he comes with the conscience of the plural, even if the Muslim is one.

The respondent says, “wa alaikum assalam wa rehmat Allah,” and Boao comes with kindness in saying, “And upon you.”

As for the increase of his “forgiveness”: it came in some hadiths, in the recitation of peace, and in his reply, but it is not correct, and these hadiths are contained in it:

1- About Sahl ibn Mu’ath ibn Anas, about his father, about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) … In the sense of the hadith of ‘Imran al-Muqaddafi, in which there is an increase: 

A fourth man entered and said: “a salaam alaikum, and his forgiveness and forgiveness, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Forty. Then he said: 

This is how virtues are” narrated by Abu Dawood (5196). This hadith has been weakened by the increase of his “forgiveness”: Ibn al-Arabi al-Maliki, al-Nawawi, and Ibn al-Qayyim, Ibn Hajar and al-Albani, may Allah have mercy on them

2- On Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) he said: A man passing by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say: as salam alaykum, O Messenger of Allah, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him:

As-salaam-alaikum and satisfaction of Allah be upon you” and he was told: O Messenger of Allah, you will receive on this peace what you have received on one of your companions? He said, “What prevents me from doing so is that he leaves for a few dozen men’s wages,” and he was taking care of his companions. 

Narrated by Ibn al-Sunni in “The Work of the Day and Night” (235). It is a very weak hadith, weakened by the son of values in “Zad al-Ma’ad”

3- Concerning Zayd ibn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him), he said: “If the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) were to be handed over to us, we said: ‘as-salam alaikum of Allah be upon you.

As narrated by al-Bayhaqi in ‘The People of Faith’ (6/456), and his weakness by saying: ‘This is if we say it is true, but in attributing it to the division of those who do not invoke it.’

How do you write as salamu Alaikum?

The greeting of Islam is the saying of the man when greeting “es salamu alaikum” in the plural, whether it is delivered to one or to a group, and the formula for the return of salam is to say: ” assalamu alaikum“.

And in response mercy and blessing have been increased to the words of Allah the Almighty in His Holy Book: “If you greet with a greeting, salute the best of them or respond to them that Allah was on everything calculated”.

Then it can be limited to “As-salamu alaykum” but the increase in it is better, better, and more complete, and these are The formula is the greeting of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the honorable ancestor. 

It is also possible to say “as-salam alaikum” when beginning with a greeting, and to say “as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah“, but the definition of greeting is better than denying it, saying “as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” is greeting the people of faith in the world, and saying “as-salaam-alaikum” is greeting them in paradise.

The greeting of Islam also has great meanings, where the scholars interpreted the saying “as-salaam-alaikum” with many beautiful interpretations that converge among them, so it was said that its meaning is to pray for safety from pests in religion and soul.

So the greeting of Islam was a covenant between Muslims to maintain their blood, symptoms, and money, and Al-Nawawi said that the meaning of 

as-salaam-alaikum” means the name of Allah peace be upon you, and its meaning is to pray for preservation and divine help. And it was also said that its meaning is to pray for the safety of the slave.

One of the meanings of as-salaam-alaikum is to tell the Muslim to the Muslim about his safety and security from any harm that may come through him, and the Muslim responds to him by praying that he will get such safety and security.

And it was said that it is a reminder of the mention of Allah who recovered the slave from the hated and his security from the forbidden and delivered him from what he fears, and the Muslim responds to him with.

The same words increase in that as if he gives him a gift on his beginning with peace, and one of its meanings is that peace has a signal from Muslims to each other to be safe from evil.

To receive blessing and mercy, This is because they have entered Islam and received this great reward, for as long as they are in Islam, blessing, mercy, and safety are inherent to them.

Virtues and Characteristics of greeting

1- as salamu alaikum is one of the best things about Islam, for Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As (may Allah be pleased with them) said that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Which Islam is good? 

He said, “You feed food, and you read as salamu alaikum to those you knew and those you didn’t know.” (Narrated by Bukhari, Book of Faith, Bab al-Salam Disclosure from Islam, Fatah al-Bari 1/82 No. 28, and Muslim, In Faith, Bab Bayan al-Fadil al-Islam 1/65 No. 39).

2- as salamu alaikum is one of the reasons for affection and love among Muslims, which is one of the reasons for entering Paradise, the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him said: 

“Do not enter Paradise until you believe, and do not believe until you love, first I will show you something if you do it you will love. (Narrated by Muslim, Book of Faith, Bab al-Bab al-Munin 1/74 No. (54).

3- Each sentence of as salamu alaikum has ten good deeds, which is three sentences, for whoever brought it in full thirty Hashanah, about Imran Ibn Husayn, may Allah be pleased with them, he said: 

A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: as salamu alaikum, he replied to him, and then he sat down, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said (ten, and then another man came.

And he said: Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah, he replied to him, then he sat down, and he said twenty, and then another came, and he said: as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah.

And he replied to him, and he sat down and said: Thirty). (Narrated by Abu Dawood, Book of Literature, Bab Kifez al-Salam 5/379 No. 5195, and al-Tarmadi in Asking for Permission

How do you pronounce as salamu alaikum?

The adjective of delivering greeting and its response:

It is better for a Muslim to say: as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah, and he comes with the conscience of the plural, even if the Muslim is one, and the respondent says: 

As-salam alaikum, may Allah have mercy on him and his blessings, and the Boao of kindness comes in saying: (and upon you), if the novice of the surrender says: as-salam alaikum, or he says: Peace be upon you or as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah.

Or if he says: To you, this was not an answer, and it is required that the answer be immediate, if the last one and then the reply, is no longer an answer, and it was sinful to leave the reply.

and If a Muslim meets his brother, and the novice says, “es salamu alaikum” it is not a greeting, it does not deserve an answer, because this formula is not suitable for initiation (Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 315).

Implying greeting without pronunciation:

You hate to refer to greeting, whether it be by hand or otherwise without uttering peace, because it is similar to non-Muslims, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah) has forbidden us to imitate them.

Al-Tirmidhi narrated about Amr ibn al-Aas: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “None of us resemble anyone else, do not resemble Jews or Christians; the delivery of the Jews with the finger and the handing over of the Christians the signal with the palms”; (Hadith Hassan) (Sahih al-Tirmidhi of the Albanian Hadith 2168).

As for those who are so far away, that they do not hear the handover, it is permissible to have peace upon him, and yet to utter peace; (Fatah al-Bari to Ibn Hajar al-Ashkalani, vol. 11, p. 21).

Say greeting only on acquaintances:

Many Muslims used to say greeting only on knowledge, which is contrary to the Sunnah of our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who urged us to give greetings to those we know and those Muslims we do not know.

The sheiks narrated about Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with them): that a man asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Which Islam is good?! He said, “You feed the food, and you read greeting to those who knew and those who did not know” (Bukhari Hadith 6236 / Muslim Hadith 39).

Al-Nawawi said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “es salamu alaikum read to those whom you knew and those who did not know; that is, to receive to everyone whom you met, whom you knew or did not know, and not to whom you know, as many people do; (Muslim by explaining al-Nuwi, vol. 1, p. 286).

Al-Nawawi also said: This hadith is evidence of the giving of greeting to those who knew, to those who did not know, and the sincerity of working in it to Allah the Almighty.

Neither Manatia nor Malacca and in it nevertheless the use of the creation of humility and the disclosure of the motto of this nation; (Muslim in Sharh al-Nawawi vol. 1, p. 286).

Communicating greeting:

It is enactable to communicate greetings to other Muslims; the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to surrender himself to those who confronted him and to bring es salamu alaikum to those who wanted to surrender to him from the absentees.

1- The sheiks narrated about Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: Jibril the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came and said: “O Messenger of Allah, this is Khadija who has come with her a vessel with Adam.

Food or drink, so if she comes to you, read peace be upon her from her Lord and Minni, and preach to her a house in the paradise of reeds, in which there is no bustle and no erection”; (Bukhari Hadith 3820 / Muslim Hadith 2432).

2- Al-Bukhari narrated about Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, she said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once said: “O Aisha, this is Jibril who reads you peace”, and I said: “es salamu alaikum and blessings of Allah be upon him” (Bukhari Hadith 3768).

3- A Muslim narrated about Anas ibn Malik: that a boy from Aslam said: O Messenger of Allah, I want to invade, and I have nothing to prepare, he said: “I came to Flanna; he was prepared, and he got sick”.

And he came to him and said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reads you peace, and he says: “Give me the one you have been equipped with”, he said: 

“O Flanna, give him the one you have been equipped with, and do not lock him up for anything; for Allah do not lock you away from him anything and he will bless you with it” (Muslim Hadith 1894).

4- If a Muslim sends peace to another, the Prophet says, “For he shall be delivered to you, the addressee of greeting shall answer; we have provided that he answers immediately, and it is desirable that he respond to the sum as well, saying: ‘You and peace be upon him (al-Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 312: p. 313).

5- ‘Abd al-Razzaq narrated about Muammar, about Job, about Abu Qalaba: that a man who came to Salman al-Farsi and found him kneading, and he said, ‘Where is the servant?’ He said, “I sent him in need, so we would not have gathered two of him.

To send him and not enough of his work,” he said, and the man said, “The father of Dardaa says, ‘Peace be upon you,’ and he said, ‘When did you come?'” He said.

Three years ago, he said, ‘If you hadn’t performed it, it would have been faithful to you; ‘His attribution is correct’ (‘Abd al-Razzaq Workbook vol. 10, p. 393, no. 19464).

who said as salamu alaikum first?

Disclosure of es salamu alaikum is required, and its proclamation among the people, so that it may be a manifest slogan among Muslims, does not belong to one group without another, or large without small.

Nor who knows without who does not know, and presents the hadith of Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with them), and also presents the saying of the Prophet (as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah): “Spread greeting among you.”

Ammar ibn Yasser (may Allah be pleased with them) said:( Three of those who gathered them have gathered faith: fairness from oneself, giving peace to the world, and spending from the borrow). (Bukhari mentioned it hanging in the form of al-Jazm, the Book of Faith, the door of the disclosure of peace from Islam.

1- It is stated in the slander of leaving the renunciation of the renunciation of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that :(the people of the stinginess of peace” (attributed in the food of the hearts 1/276 to Tabrani in the middle, about Abu Hurayra.

The presence of his attribution, and attributed it to Tabrani in the three dictionaries about Abdullah ibn Maqal, the presence of his attribution as well, and to Ahmad his meaning.

2- It is prescribed to communicate greetings and to bear it, and the informant must return to greeting, for Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said to her:( Jibril reads peace to you, and she said, “as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah.” (Narrated by Bukhari in the Asking Permission, Bab if he says:).

3- It is better to start with a greeting to hand over the little one to the big, the cattle to the sitting, the passenger to the cattle, and the little to the many, so about Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, raising :(delivers the little on the big, the passer on the base, and the little over the lot.

4- It is Sunnah to restore greeting if the two persons parted ways and then met, entering or exiting, or if Hail prevented them and then met, and so on, and is evidenced by the saying of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

If one of you meets his brother, let him be handed over to him, if a tree, a wall or a room prevents them, then he meets him, let him also be handed over to him).

In the hadith of the offender his prayers (that whenever he goes and returns a ladder and the Prophet (as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah) responds to him, he says so three times) (narrated by Bukhari in the Azan, the door of the obligation to read to the Imam and the Mammoum in all prayers Fatah al-Bari 2/237 No. 757). 

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said:( The companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) were in tune, so if they were received by a tree or a sleeve, they dispersed right and north, and then they met behind him, and they handed over to each other.)

5- Peace is a greeting to the believers especially, it is not permissible to throw it at others, peace be upon him said, “Do not start Jews or Christians with a greeting, if you meet one of them on the road, force him to narrow it.”

However, if he attends a place where there is a mixture of Muslims and infidels, he delivers and means Muslims, for in the hadith of Usama ibn Zayd, may Allah be pleased with them, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Passed through a council in which there were mixtures of Muslims and polytheists who worshipped idols, and he handed over to them) (narrated by Bukhari, the Book of Permission, the door of delivery in a Majlis in which there are mixtures of Muslims and polytheists).

If the infidel is delivered, he responds to him in the same way as Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that the People of the Book are handed over to us, so how can we respond to them? He said.

Say and be upon you) (narrated by Muslim, Kitab al-Salam, Bab al-Nahi on the beginning of the People of the Book with peace 4/1706 No. 2163, which is also (in Bukhari towards him without mentioning the question, the Book of Permission, the Bab of How to Respond to the Dhimmis. Fath al-Bari 11/42 No. 6257). And no more than that which the public has to do

Greetings be upon women:

It is permissible to have a greeting on incest women, but on others: it is permissible if sedition is secured by them and against them, and this varies according to different women, and circumstances.

And places, the young woman is not like an old woman, nor who entered his house and found women in it, and handed over to them as if he had passed by women he did not know on the way.

how to say as salamu alaikum in Arabic?

When Islam came, Allah, the Almighty legislated in it a greeting to Muslims among themselves and a slogan for them, which is as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah making it special for them from other nations, and the meaning of greeting is innocence, salvation, and salvation from evil and defects.

And as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah is also a great name of the names of Allah the Almighty, and therefore the saying of peace be upon you, that is, he watches you and sees you so that there is a sermon in it and enters into the meaning as well: A blessing named Almighty came down on you and got you.

Ibn al-Qayyim said: Allah the Holy King legislated greeting to the people of Islam as a greeting among them, peace be upon you, and it was the first of all the greetings of the nations in which there is what is impossible and lies towards their saying live a thousand years.

And what is short in meaning such as the softest morning and some of what should not be like prostration, so the greeting with peace was the first of all to ensure safety, in which there is no life and no peasant except by it.

It is the origin presented on every intention and intention of the slave of life gets two things: With his safety from evil and the good getting to him and safety from evil is a prelude to getting good which is the link )

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made the disclosure of peace from the faith of Farwa al-Bukhari about Abdullah ibn Umar and said: “A man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Which Islam is good? He said, “You feed food, and you read peace to those who knew and those who did not know,” said Ibn Hajar, i.e., do not belong to anyone as arrogance or workmanship, but rather as a glorification of the slogan of Islam and consideration for the Muslim Brotherhood.

Ibn Rajab said in al-Fath: He combined in the hadith between feeding food and revealing peace because it is through him that charity meets in word and deed and he is the fullest of charity, but this was the good of Islam after bringing the duties and duties of Islam.

Sanussi said: “Peace is meant to greet among people, which shows friendliness and love in hearts as food does, and may have weakness in the heart of lovers, so it will be saluted, and it may be an enemy, and he will turn into a friend.”

The judge said in the completion of the teacher: This exhorted him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to compose the hearts of the believers and that the best of their Islamic creation is to familiarize each other, greet them and affection and bring this among them in word and deed.

And he urged the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him to love and courtship and their reasons of guidance, feeding food, revealing greeting and forbidding their opposites from intersectionality, arrangements, espionage, sensitization, gossip, and double-faced.

Familiarity is one of the precepts of religion, the pillars of the Sharia, and a system that included Islam and in making peace on those who knew and those who did not know the sincerity of working with it to Allah the Almighty.

Neither manufacturing nor Malacca for those who knew without those who did not know, and in it nevertheless the use of the creation of humility and the disclosure of the slogan of this nation from the word greeting) is over.

Therefore, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained that through peace there is love, love, and brotherhood in what was narrated by Muslim (54) Ahmad (2/391) and al-Turmidhi (2513) from the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: 

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Do not enter Paradise until you believe and do not believe until you first love to show you something if you do it you will love to reveal peace between you.”

The greeting and blessings of Allaah be upon him showed the reward and reward of those who said peace be upon you, as narrated by al-Nisa’i in the work of the day and night (368), Bukhari in the singular literature (586) and Ibn Habban (493).

About Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that a man passed by the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while he was in a Majlis and said as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah and he said ten favors and then another man passed by and said peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah.

And he said twenty good and he passed another man and he said as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah. He said thirty good things).

As salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah have ordered the restoration of peace and made it truly furry Ahmad (2/540), Bukhari (1240), Muslim (2792), Nisa’i in the day and night (221) and Abu Dawood (5031) about Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him).

Raised him (the right of the Muslim to the Muslim five: the return of peace, the clinic of the sick and the followers of funerals, the answer of the da’i, and the sniffing of the attis).

Apparently, greeting must be restored, because the Muslim has given you security, so it is your duty to give him security and safety in return as if he were saying to you: I give you safety, safety, and security, so it was necessary to give him the same safety and security.

So that he does not think and does not enter into himself that whoever has been handed over to him may betray him or that he has migrated to him, and therefore he told the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him.

That the migration between the immigrants was interrupted by peace, and Bukhari fled from Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) He said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said.

It is not permissible for a Muslim to abandon his brother above three who meet, and he presents this and this and their goodness, which begins with a greeting.” This is a brief overview of the importance of peace and its restoration.

how to say as salamu alaikum in english?

To deliver as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah has lofty morals that every Muslim should know, including handing over the passenger on the cattle, handing over the cattle to the sitter, handing over the little over the big, and following the Sunnah of our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the words of peace and responding to it.

The Sheikhs narrated about Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The passenger shall be delivered on the cattle, the cattle on the base, and the little on the many”; (Bukhari Hadith 6232 / Muslim Hadith 2160).

Al-Bukhari narrated about Abu Hurayra, saying: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The little one shall be delivered over the great”; (Bukhari Hadith 6231).

1- Raise the voice in greeting:

Al-Bukhari narrated about Thabit ibn ‘Ubayd, saying: “I came to a council in which ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, ‘If I surrender, I will hear; it is a greeting from Allah with a good blessing’; (His attribution is correct) (Sahih al-Adab al-Mu’allbani Hadith 769).

Al-Nawawi said: At least he should raise his voice so that the Muslim hears him, if he does not hear him, he will not come with the Sunnah.

Ibn Hajar al-Ashkalani said: It is desirable that he raises his voice as much as it is realized that he heard it, the doubt was invoked, and he is excluded from raising the voice in peace if he enters a place where he wakes up and sleeps.

For the Sunnah has what is proven in Sahih Muslim about al-Muqdad He said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would come from the night and deliver a surrender that would not wake up asleep and hear the wakefulness”; (Fatah al-Bari to Ibn Hajar al-Ashkalani c. 11, p. 20).

2- Delivering greetings to children:

From the Sunnah: Throwing greetings on children, because this instills in them the slogan of Islam from a young age, and they get used to it for the rest of their lives.

The sheiks narrated about Anas ibn Malik: that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed over two boys and handed them over to them; (Bukhari Hadith 6247 / Muslim Hadith 2168).

Commenting on the handover of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to children, al-Qurtubi said: This is from his great creation (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in which he trains the little one, exhorts them to teach the sunnin, and sports for them on the etiquette of the Sharia in it; (Tafsir al-Qurtubi, vol. 5, p. 302).

3- Say greeting upon permission:

It is Sunnah for a Muslim to begin to deliver peace before he asks permission for his Muslim brother.

Abu Dawood narrated about Umar ibn al-Khattab: that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Came in a drink for him, and he said: Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah, peace be upon you, will Umar enter?; (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abu David to the Albanian Hadith: 4333).

Abu Dawood narrated about Rab’i, he said: A man from Bani Amer told us that he had asked permission from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while he was in a house, and he said, ‘Shall I go?’ The Prophet (as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah).

Said to his servant: “Go out to this and ask for permission; say to him: Say: Peace be upon you, enter!”) The man heard him, and he said, “Peace be upon you, enter?” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) authorized him and he entered; (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abu David to the Albanian Hadith: 4312).

Bukhari (in the singular literature) narrated about Abu Hurayra—in whom he asks permission before he surrenders—he said: “He is not authorized until he brings the key; he begins with peace”; (his attribution is correct) (True Singular Literature of the Albanian Hadith: 813).

Al-Nawawi said: It is true that the Sunnah came up with, and the interrogators said it, that he offers peace over permission, and he says: Peace be upon you, enter?; (Muslim in Sharh al-Nawawi vol. 7, p. 388).

4- Deliver greeting upon departure from the Council:

If a Muslim sits with his brothers and then rises to part with them, the Sunnis have to hand them over.

Abu Dawood narrated about Abu Hurayrah saying: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If one of you ends up in the Majlis, let him surrender, and if he wants to rise, let him surrender; the first is not more worthy than the afterlife”); (Hadith of Hasan is true) (Sahih Abu Dawood to the Albanian Hadith: 4340).

5- say a greeting to those who read the Qur’an:

He hates to throw peace at those who read the Qur’an, or who are busy praying or fulfilling the Hajj or Umrah, but if anyone hands it over to him, he must return the peace; (Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 31).

6- Deliver greeting to the muezzin during the azan:

He hates to throw greeting at the muezzin during his azan, but if anyone hands it over to him, he must return the greeting in his usual pronunciation, because this goes on and does not invalidate the azan, nor does it disturb it; (al-Azkar al-Nawawi p. 318).

7- Deliver a greeting and respond to it during the Friday sermon:

Whoever enters the mosque and the imam preaches is allowed to pray two rak’ahs to greet the mosque, and to be allowed in them, and then sit down and listen to the imam, and not to throw peace on any of the worshippers.

And if anyone throws peace at him, he does not respond by saying but points only with his hand, and if anyone sneezes he does not smell it; (The Singer of Ibn Qudama, vol. 3, p. 198: p. 199).

8- say a greeting to the dead:

It is Sunnah for a Muslim to surrender to the dead when visiting cemeteries and to call upon them for mercy.

A Muslim narrated about Buraidah, who said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught them if they went out to the cemeteries, and in Abu Bakr’s narration he said: Peace be upon the people of the homeland, and in Zuhair’s narration: 

As salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah, the people of the homeland, believers and Muslims, and we hopefully to the later, I ask Allah for us and for your well-being”); (Muslim Hadith 975).

A Muslim narrated about Aisha: She said: How can I tell them, O Messenger of Allah? He said: “Say: Peace be upon the people of the homeland, believers, and Muslims, and may Allah have mercy on those who have been brought from us and those who have been despoiled, and we hope you to the next” (Muslim Hadith 974).

9- say a greeting to those in the bathroom:

It is not permissible to throw peace on those inside the bathroom, and it is forbidden for those inside it to restore peace.

A Muslim narrated about Ibn Umar: that a man passed by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) urinating, and he handed it over to him.

So the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not respond to him until he came to the wall and wiped his face and hands and then replied to him; (Muslim Hadith 370).

Al-Qurtubi said: He should not be handed over to those who meet his needs if an act does not require him to respond to it; (Tafsir al-Qurtubi, vol. 5, p. 304).

10- say a greeting to those who do not hear:

If a Muslim is handed over to a deaf Muslim who does not hear, he should utter the word greeting because of his ability to do so, and point by hand, so that he can get an understanding, and he deserves an answer.

If he does not combine them he does not deserve an answer, and also if a deaf person is handed over to him and wants to respond, he must utter the tongue and point with his hand, in order to obtain understanding, and to drop the imposition of the answer; (Al-Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 313).

If one of us hands over to a mute, and the mute points by hand, the imposition is dropped from him, because his reference is in the place of the phrase, and also if he hands us a mute with the signal, we must respond verbally; (Al-Adhkar al-Nawawi p. 313).

11- say greet the punk and the innovator:

First: We must advise the debauchery or the innovator with wisdom and good preaching, mentioning the forensic evidence from the Book of Allah the Almighty and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

And take all possible ways to advise him with patience, if the debauchery does not stop his debauchery, and the innovator of his heresy, we do not surrender to him; a resentment to him and his likes, but if he is handed over to us, we must restore peace.

Al-Bukhari narrated about al-Hasan al-Basri, saying: “There is no sanctity between you and the debauchery; (Sahih al-Isnad) (Sahih al-Adab al-Musallam al-Albani No. 777).

Al-Nawawi said: It is desirable to abandon the people of the apparent heresies and sins, to leave peace on them, and to boycott them in contempt and indignation; (Muslim in Sharh al-Nawawi vol. 9, p. 113).

12- ruling on greeting non-incest women:

It is permissible to give a greeting to non-incest women, provided that this does not entail strife, and if sedition results in it, it is forbidden to give peace to them.

Bukhari narrated the plan of Ibn Sa’ad: that they would pray on Friday and then come to an old woman on their way and hand it over to her; (Bukhari Hadith 225).

Abu Dawood narrated the names of Yazid’s daughter, who said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed by us in a woman and he handed over to us; (Hadith is true) (Sahih Abu Dawood to the Albanian Hadith: 4336).

Al-Bukhari narrated about al-Hasan al-Basri saying: “Women were handed over to men”; (Hadith Hasan) (Sahih al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Albani Hadith 779).

‘Abd al-Razzaq narrated from Muammar, from Qatada, he said: “As for a woman from al-Qaeda, it is okay to hand it over to her, and the young woman is not; (his attribution is correct) (Mu’tafsir ‘Abd al-Razzaq vol. 10, p. 389, no. 19449).

Al-Nawawi said: As for women if they are all handed over to them, even if one is handed over to women, her husband, her master and her mahram, whether she is beautiful or otherwise, and the foreigner if she is old and does not crave, he likes peace on her.

And he welcomes her peace on him, and whoever delivers them obliges the other to return peace to him, and if she is young or old who desires, the foreigner did not hand over to her, and she did not hand over to him.

And whoever handed over them did not deserve an answer, and hates to return his answer, this is our doctrine, and the doctrine of the public; (Muslim by explaining al-Nawawi c. 7 p. 404).

Al-Qurtubi said: Surrender to women is permissible, except for young women among them; the fear of sedition from their call with the tendency of a devil, or a traitor of an eye, and as for the wanderers (elderly) and infirmity, it is good.

For security in what we have mentioned, this is a tender and templar saying, and to him went Malik and a group of scholars; (Tafsir al-Qurtubi vol. 5, p. 303) (Muwatta Malik – Book of Peace, p. 687).

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Hadith on as salamu alaikum

Benefits of greeting

1- Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As (may Allah be pleased with them) said that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Which Islam is good? “You feed food, and you read greetings to those you knew and those you didn’t know,” he said. ((Agreed)).

وعن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص رضي الله عنهما أن رجلا سأل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ أي الإسلام خير‏؟‏ قال‏:‏ ‏”‏تطعم الطعام، وتقرأ السلام على من عرفت ومن لم تعرف‏”‏‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏متفق عليه‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

2- Concerning Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him about the Son, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, he said: When Allah the Almighty created Adam (peace be upon him), he said: Go and deliver to those who flee from the angels sit down.

And listen to what they greet you, it is your greeting and the greeting of your descendants. He said, “Peace be upon you, and they said: Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah, and they increased it: and the mercy of Allah”.

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ لما خلق الله تعالى آدم عليه السلام قال‏:‏ اذهب فسلم على أولئك -نفر من الملائكة جلوس- فاستمع ما يحيونك، فإنها تحيتك وتحية ذريتك‏.‏ فقال‏:‏ السلام عليكم فقالوا‏:‏ السلام عليك ورحمة الله، فزادوه‏:‏ ورحمة الله‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏متفق عليه‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

3- Concerning Abu Amara al-Baraa ibn ‘Azib, may Allah be pleased with them, he said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded us to seven: to visit the sick, to follow funerals.

To sniff out the attic, to triumph over the weak, to help the oppressed, to reveal peace and to justify the divided. ((Agreed this is the pronunciation of one of Bukhari’s novels)).

وعن أبي عمارة البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنهما قال‏:‏ أمرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بسبع‏:‏ بعيادة المريض، واتباع الجنائز، وتشميت العاطس، ونصر الضعيف، وعون المظلوم، وإفشاء السلام وإبرار المقسم‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏متفق عليه هذا لفظ إحدى روايات البخاري‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

4- Concerning Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said.

Do not enter Paradise until you believe and do not believe until you first love, I will show you something if you do it that you love? Spread peace among you” ((narrated by Muslim)).

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏”‏لا تدخلوا الجنة حتى تؤمنوا ولا تؤمنوا حتى تحابوا أولا أدلكم على شيء إذا فعلتموه تحاببتم‏؟‏ أفشوا السلام بينكم‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مسلم ‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

5- Concerning Abu Yusuf ‘Abdullah ibn Salam, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say.

O people, spread peace, feed food, pray wombs, pray and people sleep, enter paradise peacefully” ((narrated by al-Tirmidhi and said by Hadith Hasan Sahih)).

وعن أبي يوسف عبد الله بن سلام رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول‏:‏ ‏”‏يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام، وأطعموا الطعام، وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام، تدخلوا الجنة بسلام‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

6- As for al-Tafil ibn Abi ibn Ka’ab that Abdullah ibn ‘Umar used to come with him, and he would go with him to the market, he said: If we go to the market, Abdullah did not pass by a saqat or the owner of a sale, nor a poor man.

And no one but a ladder was handed over to him, he said al-Tufail, and Abdullah ibn Umar came one day, and he followed me to the market and I said to him: What do you make in the market, and you do not stand on the sale and do not ask for goods.

Do not poison them, and do not sit in the market councils. And I say: Sit with us here and we talk, and he said, Father of the belly—and the parasite had a belly—but we become for the sake of peace and we surrender to those we have met. ((Narrated by Malik in al-Maqtaa with proper attribution)).

وعن الطفيل بن أبي بن كعب أنه كان يأتي عبد الله بن عمر، فيغدو معه إلى السوق، قال‏:‏ فإذا غدونا إلى السوق، لم يمر عبد الله على سقاط ولا صاحب بيعة، ولا مسكين، ولا أحد إلا سلم عليه، قال الطفيل.

فجئت عبد الله بن عمر يومًا، فاستتبعني إلى السوق فقلت له‏:‏ ما تصنع بالسوق، وأنت لا تقف على البيع ولا تسأل عن السلع، ولا تسوم بها، ولا تجلس في مجالس السوق‏؟‏ وأقول‏:‏ اجلس بنا هاهنا نتحدث، فقال يا أبا بطن- وكان الطفيل ذا بطن- إنما نغدو من أجل السلام فنسلم على من لقيناه‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مالك في الموطأ بإسناد صحيح‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

How to say a greeting?

1- About Imran ibn al-Husayn (may Allah be pleased with them) he said: A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: Peace be upon you, he replied to him and then sat down, and the Prophet (as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah).

Said: “Tenth” and then another came, and he said: as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah, and he replied to him and he sat down, and he said: “Twenty” and then another came, and he said: Peace be upon you.

And the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, and he replied to him and he sat down, and he said: “Thirty” (narrated by Abu Dawood and al-Turmidhi and said: Hadith Hassan)).

عن عمران بن الحصين رضي الله عنهما قال‏:‏ جاء رجل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال‏:‏ السلام عليكم، فرد عليه ثم جلس، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ “عشر” ثم جاء آخر، فقال‏:‏ السلام عليكم ورحمة الله، فرد عليه فجلس، فقال‏:‏ ‏”‏عشرون‏”‏ ثم جاء آخر، فقال‏:‏ السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته، فرد عليه فجلس، فقال‏:‏ “ثلاثون” ‏(‏‏(‏رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال‏:‏ حديث حسن‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

2- Concerning Aisha, may Allah be pleased with him, she said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me: “This is Jibril who reads es salamu alaikum” and she said: “I said, ‘Peace be upon him, and the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him.'”

وعن عائشة رضي الله عنه قالت‏:‏ قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ “هذا جبريل يقرأ عليك السلام‏”‏ قالت‏:‏ قلت‏:‏ ‏”‏وعليه السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته‏”‏.

3- As for Anas (may Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was if he spoke a word that he repeated three times so that you could understand him, and if he came upon a people, he would hand it over to them three times. ((Narrated by Bukhari)).

وعن أنس رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، كان إذا تكلم بكلمة أعادها ثلاثًا حتى تفهم عنه، وإذا أتى على قوم فسلم عليهم سلم عليهم ثلاثًا‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه البخاري‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

4- Concerning al-Muqdad (may Allah be pleased with him) in his long hadith, he said: “We used to raise to the Prophet (es salamu alaikum) his share of milk, and he would come from the night.

And he would deliver a handover that would not wake up asleep, and he would hear the wakefulness, so the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah) came and delivered as he had delivered. ((Narrated by Muslim)).

وعن المقداد رضي الله عنه في حديثه الطويل قال‏:‏ كنا نرفع للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نصيبه من اللبن، فيجيء من الليل، فيسلم تسليمًا لا يوقظ نائمًا، ويسمع اليقظان، فجاء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فسلم كما كان يُسلم‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مسلم‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

5- As for Asmaa bint Yazid, may Allah be pleased with her, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed through the mosque one day, and a band of women fell asleep, and he twisted his hand in handover. (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and said: Hadith Hassan)).

وعن أسماء بنت يزيد رضي الله عنه عنها أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، مر في المسجد يومًا، وعصبة من النساء قعود، فألوى بيده بالتسليم‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه الترمذي وقال‏:‏ حديث حسن‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

6- Concerning Abu Umama, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first people in Allah are.

The ones who started them with the greeting” (narrated by Abu Dawood with good attribution, and narrated by al-Tirmidhi towards him and said: Hadith Hassan, and he was mentioned after him)).

وعن أبي أمامة رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ ‏”‏إن أولى الناس بالله من بدأهم بالسلام‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه أبو داود بإسناد جيد، ورواه الترمذي بنحوه وقال‏:‏ حديث حسن، وقد ذكر بعده‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

7- Concerning Abu Jarri al-Hajimi, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: “I came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and I said: ‘es salamu alaikum, O Messenger of Allah, he said: ‘Do not say peace be upon you; peace be upon you, peace be upon you, greeting the dead.’

وعن أبي جري الهجيمي رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ أتيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقلت‏:‏ عليك السلام يا رسول الله قال‏:‏ ‏”‏لا تقل عليك السلام؛ فإن عليك السلام تحية الموتى‏”‏‏.‏

Greeting Etiquette

1- About Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The passenger shall be delivered on the cattle, the cattle on the base, and the little on the many” ((Agreed))

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏”‏يسلم الراكب على الماشي، والماشي على القاعد، والقليل على الكثير” ‏(‏‏(‏متفق عليه‏)‏‏)‏

2- Concerning Abu Umama Sadi ibn Ajlan al-Bahli (may Allah be pleased with him), he said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first people in Allah are the ones who started them with peace” (narrated by Abu Dawood with good support)).

وعن أبي أمامة صُدي بن عجلان الباهلي رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ “إن أولى الناس بالله من بدأهم بالسلام‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه أبو داود بإسناد جيد‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

3- Al-Tirmidhi narrated it about Abu Umama (may Allah be pleased with him): It was said: O Messenger of Allah, the two men meet, which one begins with peace? He said, “The first of them is by Allah the Almighty.”.

ورواه الترمذي عن أبي أمامة رضي الله عنه‏:‏ قيل‏:‏ يا رسول الله، الرجلان يلتقيان، أيهما يبدأ بالسلام‏؟‏ قال‏:‏ ‏”‏أولاهما بالله تعالى‏”‏.

Related Question 

What is the meaning of as salamu alaikum WA Rahmatullahi WA Barakatuh?

The first sentence of the greeting of Islam is as-salam alaikum, and it is mentioned in the meaning of this sentence, which is a slogan for Muslims and a greeting distinct to them from the rest of humanity from other monotheistic religions.

That the word peace is one of the names of Allah the Good, peace, and it is one of the prayers for good and safety from all evil, it is the prayer for people with good, i.e. when a Muslim says peace be upon you.

Its meaning is to protect you and give you safety and wellness from every evil and scourge, and to take care of you, and to bring down on you his trust and care, and make you one of.

The reassuring believers and also the same meaning of prayer and peace applies to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Muslim calls the Prophet to safety and mercy.

To summarise, the greeting of Islam is (as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah), and the wisdom of the disclosure of greeting between people is manifested in the importance of greeting, and its positive effects on the individual, and the whole society, the most prominent of which are the following:

1- The spread of es salamu alaikum is a reason for consolidating good relations among Muslims and increasing love among them, and of course, this is one of the most important reasons for their unity, and their interdependence.

And it is a reason for increasing comfort, the supremacy of security, safety, and greeting Islam (peace) is the best proof that the religion of Islam is a religion of mercy.

The tolerance that invites us to be and adhere to the honors of morality, and to start peace before speaking is a reason to increase hope and optimism.

2- Winning es salamu alaikum reward and reward, and getting used to the disclosure of peace is one of the best deeds and behaviors, and here we remember this honorable hadith (about Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with him).

That a man asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which Islam is good? And here we remember this honorable hadith about Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, who said, I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings of Allah be upon him, say.

The right of a Muslim to a Muslim is five: the return of peace, the visit of the sick, the followers of funerals, the answer to the call, and the gloating of the attis” The Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings of Allah be upon him, was truthful.

And in another hadith. About Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) he said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The passenger shall be delivered on the cattle, the cattle on the base, and the little on the many.”

summary

the greeting of Islam is the Muslim’s saying: “as salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” and the response in kind or increase, and this greeting carries meanings that revolve around the prayer of safety.

Mercy, blessing, security, and the greeting of Islam”es salamu alaikum” has great favor and great reward, and it also has a lot of benefits and positive effects on individuals and communities.

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