He is Ali ibn Abi Talib bin Abdul Muttalib bin Hashem bin Abd Manaf bin Qusay bin Kilab bin Murrah bin Kaab bin Loay bin Ghalib bin Fahd bin Malik bin Al Nadr, and he is Quraysh bin Kinana bin Khuzaymah bin Madrakah bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Hamad bin Adnan.

It is not known for certain when ali bin abu talib was born, but according to some heritage sources, such as what was mentioned in the Omda: 24, he was born in Makkah on Friday the thirteenth of Rajab, thirty years after the Year of the Elephant.

That is, corresponding to March 17, 599 AD or 600 according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Other sources say October 23, 598 CE or 600 CE.

Ali ibn abu talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب ) is the youngest son of his father, Abi Talib bin Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim, one of the chieftains of Quraysh and responsible for the watering there. His lineage goes back to the Prophet Ismail bin Ibrahim.

His mother was Fatima bint Asad bin Hashem bin Abd Manaf, who was said to be the first Hashemite to give birth to Hashemi. Ali’s parents sponsored Muhammad when his parents and grandfather died when he was young, so he was raised and raised in their home.

Ali ibn talib participated in all the battles of the Messenger, except for the Battle of Tabuk, where the Prophet Muhammad left him over the city. Ali was trusted by the Prophet Muhammad. He was one of the writers of revelation and one of his most important ambassadors and ministers.

How is Ali related to Muhammad?

Ali ben abi talib, cousin of the Prophet Muhammad Ibn Abdullah and his son-in-law, from his family, and one of his companions, is the fourth of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs according to the Sunnah and one of the ten missionaries of Paradise.

where was ali ibn abi talib born?

Imam ali ibn abi talib was born in Mecca, and historical sources indicate that his birth was in the hollow of the Kaaba, and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, the Hashemite. 

Sayyidina ali ibn abi talib embraced Islam before the Prophet’s migration, and he is the second or third person to enter Islam and the first of the boys to embrace Islam.

Al imam ali ibn abi talib immigrated to Medina three days after the Prophet’s emigration and his brother the Prophet Muhammad with himself when he became fraternal among Muslims, and he married his daughter Fatima in the second year of the migration.

where is ali ibn abi talib sword?

The major confrontation took place between the Muslims and the infidels of Quraish in the Battle of Badr, in which the Islam team and his people won. 

At the beginning of the battle, Ali ibn Abi Talib advanced with Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib and Ubaidah bin Al-Harith to fight three of the polytheists, in which Ali finished off Al-Waleed bin Utbah and killed him with his sword.

And in this battle, the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, took a sword and put it on ali bin abu talib, and this sword was called the sword of Dhu al-Fiqar.

In the Battle of Uhud, ali ibn abu talib, may Allah be pleased with him, showed great heroism when he defended the Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, and killed many of the staunch polytheists, and in the Battle of the Trench when the parties struggled to besiege the Muslims.

Among the camp of the infidels, a man famous for equestrianism and bravery emerged, his name was Amr Ibn Abd Wad, who shouted at the Muslims in defiance of them and demanded a duel, and ali ibn talib came out to him in return for the challenge with a greater challenge and a braver spirit, and they dueled until Ali killed him.

The biography of Imam ali ben abi talib was full of immortal situations, and his sword Zulfikar remained the talk of people, and the sword is still present and preserved in the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul, turkey.

what was ali ibn abi talib known for?

Al imam ali ibn abi talib was famous among Muslims for his eloquence and wisdom, and many poems and aphorisms are attributed to him. 

It is also a symbol of courage and strength and is characterized by justice and asceticism, according to the narrations contained in the books of hadith and history.

Ali ibn Abi Talib is also considered one of the greatest scholars of his time in terms of knowledge and jurisprudence, if not the greatest at all, as Shiites and some Sunnis believe, including a number of Sufi sects.

Ali ibn abu talib participated in all of the Prophet’s battles except for the Battle of Tabuk, in which the Prophet Muhammad succeeded him over Medina. 

Ali ibn talib was known for his strength and prowess in fighting, and he was an important factor in the victory of the Muslims.

And that in various battles, most notably the Battle of the Trench and the Battle of Khaybar.

Ali ben abi talib was trusted by the Prophet Muhammad, and he was one of the writers of revelation and one of his most important ambassadors and ministers.

did ali ibn abi talib forgive his assassin?

It was narrated from sayyidina ali ibn abi talib that Be kind, my son, to your captive (the murderer), and have mercy on him, do good to him, and pity him, for my right is upon you:

Feed him, my son, from what you eat, and give him to drink from what you drink, and do not tie him to his feet, and do not tie him to a hand.

And do not burn him with fire, and do not imitate a man, for I heard your grandfather, the Messenger of Allah say: Beware of imitation, even with a sterile dog. And if I live, I am more deserving of him to pardon him, and I know what to do with him.

I advise you to fear Allah, and not to seek the worldly life, even if it tempts you, and not to be sorry for any of it. And speak the truth, and work for the reward, and be an opponent for the oppressor, and for the oppressed a helper.

how did ali ibn abi talib perform wudu?

On the authority of Abu Abdullah, peace be upon him, he said: One day the Commander of the Faithful was sitting with Ibn al-Hanafiya, as he said: O Muhammad, bring me a vessel of water to perform ablution for prayer.

Then he said: “In the name of Allah, and praise be to Allah, who made water purification and did not make it impure.” He said: Then clean himself and said, “Oh Allah, fortify my vagina and pardon it, and cover my faults and forbid me from the fire.” He said:

Then he rinsed his mouth and said: “O Allah, give me my proof on the day I meet you, and release my tongue by the remembrance of You.”

Then he inhaled and said: “Oh Allah, do not deprive me of the fragrance of Paradise, and make me one of those who smell its fragrance, its spirit, and its fragrance.”

He said: Then he washed his face and said: “Oh Allah, whiten my face on the day when the faces turn black and do not darken my face on the day when the faces become white.

Then he washed his right hand and said: “Oh Allah, give me my book in my right hand, and the eternity in the heavens in my left, and give me an easy reckoning.” Then he washed his left hand and said: 

“Oh Allah, do not give me my book in my left or behind my back, and do not make it chained to my neck, and I seek refuge in You from the cuts of fire.”

Then he wiped his head and said: “Oh Allah, deceive me with your mercy, blessings, and forgiveness.” Then he wiped his feet and said: “Oh Allah, make my feet firm on the path on the day when feet will slip, and make my quest for what pleases You, O Most Merciful.”

the merciful And he raised his head and looked at Muhammad and said, peace be upon him: O Muhammad, whoever performs ablution like mine, and he said the same as I said.

Allah the Mighty and Sublime created from every drop an angel who sanctifies, glorifies, and magnifies him, and Allah Almighty writes for him the reward for that until the Day of Resurrection.

On the authority of Ibn Abbas, he said: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his family) said: “Open your eyes when performing ablution, so that you may not see their fires.”

how many kids did ali ibn abi talib?

Al imam ali ibn abi talib – may Allah be pleased with him – had many children; Fourteen males, seventeen females, of whom:

  • Hassan.
  • ELHussein.
  •  Umm Kulthum.
  • Zainab Abbas.
  •  Jafar.
  •  Abdullah bin Bint Hizam.
  • Othman.
  • Yahya.
  • Mohammed.
  • Abu Bakr.
  •  Abdullah bin Laila.
  • Omar.
  •  Ruqayyah.
  • Middle Muhammed.
  •  Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya.
  • sand.
  •  Umm al-Hassan.
  •  slave-woman.

how many wives did Ali ibn Abi Talib have?

The total of those whom Ali ibn Abi Talib married – may Allah be pleased with him – nine women, the first of whom was Fatima, and he did not marry one of the women with her, with reference to the fact that he did not marry his wives at the same time.

Where it is forbidden in Islam to marry more than four women, if a wife dies for him, he will marry another, and the following is a brief description of his wives:

1- Fatima, daughter of the Messenger of Allah

She is Fatima, the daughter of our master, the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him -, Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib, the Hashemite Meccan, Medina.

The mother of Hassan and Hussein, and the youngest of the daughters of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.

She was born in Makkah al-Mukarramah in the forty-first year of the Elephant, and Ali married her at the age of twenty-one, and she was fifteen years old in the third year of migration.

Ali bin abu talib married her in Medina after the Battle of Uhud, and her dowry was a shield.

She bore Ali four children; Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein – may Allah be pleased with them both -, and among the girls; Umm Kulthum and Zainab.

Ali ibn abu talib did not marry Fatimah in her lifetime in honor of her and the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and she died seven months after the Messenger of Allah on Tuesday, the third of Ramadan, the eleventh year of migration.

2- Umm al-Baneen, daughter of Hizam Umm al-Baneen, daughter of Hizam

He is the father of Al-Mahal bin Khalid bin Rabia bin Al-Wahid bin Kaab bin Amer bin Kilab. She bore Ali four sons: Al-Abbas, Jaafar, Abdullah, and Othman.

All of them went out with their brother Al-Hussein bin Ali in his war with the Umayyads, so they defended him until they were all killed, and their offspring were cut off, except for Al-Abbas, for his offspring remained.

3-  Laila bint Masoud

 Laila bint Masoud bin Khalid bin Malik bin Rabi bin Salma bin Jandal. 

Ali ibn talib married her – may Allah be pleased with him – and she bore him two sons; Ubayd Allah and Abu Bakr fought with their brother al-Husayn until they were killed on the Day of At-Taff.

4- Khawla bint Jaafar al-Hanafiya

Khawla bint Jaafar bin Qais bin Maslamah bin Tha’labah from Banu Hanifa, and she was born to Ali bin Abi Talib, his son Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya.

and his mother in the year in which Abu Bakr died, and there are narrations about her marriage to Ali.

She was one of those who was taken captive on the day of al-Yamamah. It is a black nation, Ali bought it and gave it to Fatima, so she sold it, then Ali came back and bought it.

It was said: It is one of the gifts of Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – to Ali. Asmaa bint Umays Asma bint Umays bin Malik bin Al-Numan bin Kaab bin Malik, the Khathami, she and Maimunah, the wife of the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – were two maternal sisters.

She was the wife of Jaafar bin Abi Talib, and she bore him Muhammad, Abdullah and Aoun bin Jaafar, then Abu married her. Bakr, and gave birth to him Muhammad bin Abi Bakr.

Then imam ali ibn abi talib married her, and she bore him Yahya, and she was one of the first Muslims, and she emigrated with her husband Jaafar to Abyssinia, and she was one of the narrators of hadith, and she died after ali ben abi talib was killed.

5- Al-Sahba, daughter of Rabia

Al-Sahba is the mother of Habeeb bint Rabi’a bin Bajir bin Al-Abd bin Alqamah Al-Taghlibiah, from Taghlib bin Wael, from the captives of Ain Al-Tamr in the homes of Taghlib.

6- Umm Saeed bint Urwa Al Thaqafia

Umm Saeed bint Urwah bin Masoud bin Mutib bin Malik Al-Thaqafi, and she was born to Ali, the mother of Al-Hasan and Ramla Al-Kubra. She was the wife of Utbah bin Abi Sufyan, and she bore him his son Abdullah. .

Her father came to the Commander of the Faithful, Omar, who was a Christian, and he converted to Islam, so Ali married his daughter, and married her two sisters to his two sons. 

Al Hassan married Zainab, and Al Hussein married Al Rabab, who is the mother of Sakina bint Al Hussein, and Muhya gave birth to Ali a daughter.

7- Umama bint Al-Aas bin Al-Rabi`

Umama bint Abi Al-Aas bin Al-Rabee’ bin Abd Al-Uzza bin Abd Shams from Banu Umayyah, and she is considered a descendant of the Messenger of God Muhammad -peace be upon him.

Because her mother is Zainab, the daughter of the Messenger, Imam al-Dhahabi said about her: Umamah is the one whom the Messenger of Allah used to carry in his prayers.

Sayyidina ali ibn abi talib may Allah be pleased with him – married an imamah during the time of the caliphate of Omar Ibn al-Khattab – may Allah be pleased with him – and I remained with him until he was killed as a martyr, and Allah blessed him with children from her. She passed away.

how old was ali ibn abi talib accept islam?

Omar al imam ali ibn abi talib when he embraced Islam was ten years or less, some scholars said nine, others stated ten, and stated otherwise.

But the most famous and proven is that his age – may Allah be pleased with him when he was. He converted to Islam ten years ago.

Ali ibn Abi Talib was born ten years before the mission, ali bin abu talib was very close to the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and he loved him, just as Ali grew up at the hands of the Messenger of Allah, and as a result of this upbringing.

He saw in the Messenger his role model and ideal, even before the mission, when the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – sent a proof of Islam. 

Ali ibn abu talib embraced Islam, and he was the first of the children, and it was narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas that he said: He was the first to pray with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, after Khadija.

It was once said, they converted to Islam.” It is said that Ali entered upon the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – and saw him while he was praying, so he asked him what he had done. The secret of his conversion to Islam so that the evil of the polytheists did not reach him.

Where is Ali ibn Abi Talib buried?

Ali ibn talib died on the night of the 21st of Ramadan in the year 40 AH, and that was after the poison spread in his body, and that was after Abd al-Rahman bin Muljam struck him with a sword containing poison.

At the time, ali ben abi talib was leading the worshipers in the Kufa mosque, during the dawn prayer, and it lasted for three days while he was lying in bed until he passed away, and he was 64 years old, who spent it in the service of Islam and Muslims.

Imam ali ibn abi talib asked al-Hasan to keep his burial place a secret so as not to be desecrated and sabotaged by the enemies, and this secret remained until Abu Abdullah Jaafar ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq rose during the Abbasid caliphate.

Despite that, the exact location of his grave is still unknown, as some believe that he was buried in Afghanistan in the city of Mazar-i-Sharif near the Blue Mosque, and another group believes that he was buried in the wall of the Kufa Mosque.

will and testament of ali ibn abi talib

This is what he recommended to sayyidina ali ibn abi talib that he testifies that there is no god but Allah alone without partner and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, He sent him with guidance and the religion of truth to proclaim it over all religion, even if the polytheists hate it. The first Muslims.

Imam Ali bin Abi Talib’s recommendations to his sons

  • I advise you, O Hassan, and all my children, and whoever my letter has reached, to fear Allah, your Lord, and do not die except while you are Muslims, and hold fast to the rope of Allah together.

And do not be divided, for I heard Abu Al-Qasim, peace be upon him, say: “Indeed, the righteousness of oneness is better than common prayer and fasting.” Allah is Allah to the orphans, so do not pardon their mouths and do not waste them in your presence.

Imam Ali bin Abi Talib’s recommendations regarding the Qur’an

  • By Allah, Allah is in the Qur’an, so let no one else precede you to act upon it. By Allah, Allah is in prayer, for it is the pillar of your religion. By Allah, Allah is in the House of your Lord. 

So they are not emptied of you as long as you remain, for if you leave, you will not debate. By Allah, Allah is in the month of Ramadan, for its fasting is a paradise from the Fire.

Imam Ali bin Abi Talib’s recommendations regarding jihad

  • Allah, Allah is in jihad in the cause of Allah with your money and yourselves, and Allah is Allah in zakat, for it extinguishes the wrath of the Lord. By Allah, Allah is under the protection of your Prophet, so do not wrong yourself among yourselves.
  • By Allah, Allah is among the companions of your Prophet, for the Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him, enjoined them, and Allah is Allah with the poor and needy.

So share them with your livelihood, and Allah is Allah in what your right hands possess, for the last thing the Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him, said:

Imam Ali’s recommendations regarding prayer

  • Prayer Do not fear for the sake of Allah the blame of the blamer, he will stop you from wanting you and oppressing you, and say good to people as Allah has commanded you.

 And do not leave the enjoining good and forbidding the evil, for the wicked will take over the command, then you pray, and it will not be answered.

  • May Allah protect you from the people of a house, and protect you your Prophet, I entrust you to Allah and I read upon you the peace and mercy of Allah.
  • Then he did not utter anything except that there is no god but Allah until he died, in the month of Ramadan in the year forty.

hadith about ali ibn abi talib

The Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – said on the authority of Ali ibn Abi Talib in the Battle of Khaybar: 

  • (A man who loves Allah and His Messenger will take the banner tomorrow, it will be opened to him).

Ali ibn Abi Talib family tree 

The family of Ali bin Abu Talib is divided into the following:

1- Father: 

  • Abu Talib bin Abdul Muttalib

2- Mother

 Fatima bint Asad

3- Siblings:

  • Talib bin Abi Talib
  • Aqeel bin Abi Talib
  • Jaafar bin Abi Talib

4- Wives:

  • Fatima Alzahraa
  • mother of boys

Khawla bint Jaafar al-Hanafiya

  • Umama bint Abi Al-Aas bin Al-Rabi`
  • Asma Bint Umays
  • The life of the daughter of Imru’ al-Qais
  • Laila bint Masoud
  • Umm Habiba, daughter of Rabia Al-Taghlibiyeh
  • Umm Saeed bint Urwa Al Thaqafia

5- children

  • Al-Hassan bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Al-Hussein bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Muhsin bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Al-Abbas bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Abdullah bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Jafar bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Othman bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Obaidullah bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Abu Bakr ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib
  • Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya
  • Omar bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Muhammad bin Abi Bakr (his stepson)

6- girls

  • Zainab bint Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Umm Kulthum, daughter of Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Ruqayya bint Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Ramlah bint Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Khadija bint Ali bin Abi Talib

Ali ibn Abi Talib facts 

Ali ibn abu talib was trusted by the Prophet Muhammad, and he was one of the writers of the Qur’an or the book of revelation who wrote down the Qur’an during the life of the Prophet Muhammad. 

Ali ibn talib was one of his ambassadors who carried messages and called the tribes to Islam, and Muhammad consulted him in many matters, as he had consulted him in what is known as the Ifk incident.

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Did Ali bin Abi Talib witness any of the pledges with the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace?

Ali ibn Abi Talib witnessed the pledge of allegiance to Al-Radwan, and the Prophet Muhammad ordered him at the time to write down the treaty of the Hudaybiyah Treaty and testify to it. 

It is narrated in the assimilation that the Prophet Muhammad sent Khalid bin Al-Walid to Yemen to invite them, so he remained there for six months, but no one answered him.

So Muhammad sent Baali to Yemen, so the entire Hamdan tribe embraced Islam, and after that, the people of Yemen followed In entering Islam.

This was not the last time that Ali went to Yemen, where the Prophet Muhammad appointed him to the judiciary of Yemen.

Because of his knowledge of justice and wisdom in the judiciary, he advised him and prayed for him, then sent him there in the year 8 AH and he stayed there for one year.

What are the invasions that Ali Ibn Abi Talib witnessed?

Al imam ali ibn abi talib also contributed to settling disputes and settling conflicts between some tribes.

It was mentioned in al-Kamil that upon the conquest of Mecca, Saad bin Ubadah wanted to enter Mecca, fighting against what the Prophet Muhammad had ordered.

As he wanted to enter Mecca without a fight. When the Prophet Muhammad heard that, he sent Ali behind Saad.

Who followed him and took The banner from him and entered Mecca, after which the Prophet Muhammad ordered him to break the idols that were around the Kaaba.

Ali ibn talib witnessed all the battles with the Messenger Muhammad except for the Battle of Tabuk, in which he succeeded him over Medina and his family after him. 

He said to him: “You are to me as Aaron was to Moses, except that there is no prophet after me.”

What are the qualities that Ali bin Abi Talib was famous for?

Ali bin abu talib was also known for his prowess and strength in fighting, and this was evident in the Prophet’s raids; In the Battle of Badr, Ali defeated Al-Walid bin Utbah, and more than 20 polytheists were killed.

In the Battle of Uhud, Talha bin Abd al-Uzza, the brigade holder of Quraish, was killed in the battle, and Muhammad sent him to Fadak and took it in the year 6 AH.

In the Battle of Khaybar, Persia defeated the Jews of Marhab, and after the Muslim army was twice unable to storm the fortress of the Jews, Muhammad said: 

“I will give the banner to a man who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah and His Messenger love him and conquers him.” So he gave it to Ali to lead the army, open the fort and achieve victory for the Muslims.

It was said that he stormed the fortress of Khaybar, using the door as a shield because of his strong fighting strength. It was proven with Muhammad in the Battle of Hunayn. 

Ali ibn talib had a famous sword given to him by Muhammad in the Battle of Uhud, known as Dhu al-Fiqar, as Muhammad gave him a shield known as al-Hattamiyyah.

how did ali ibn abi talib died?

Imam ali ibn abi talib was assassinated by one of the Kharijites called Abd al-Rahman bin Muljam on 21 Ramadan 40 AH / 27 January 661 AD. Ali bin Abi Talib is the fourth of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs of the Sunnah and one of the ten heralds of Paradise, as Imam Ali was assassinated in the Great Mosque of Kufa in present-day Iraq.

Sayyidina ali ibn abi talib was 62 or 63 years old, and he died of his wounds two days after Ibn Muljam was hit on the head with a sword coated with poison, on the 21 or 19 of Ramadan 40 AH (January 27, 661 AD). He was the third Caliph to be assassinated, after Omar and Uthman.

who killed ali ibn abi talib?

The man who killed imam ali ibn abi talib, may Allah be pleased with him, was: Abd al-Rahman bin Amr, known as Ibn Muljam al-Himyari. He was assisted in this by Shabib bin Najrah Al-Ashja’i Al-Haruri and Wardan, who is from Taym Al-Rabbab.

The three of them agreed to lie in wait for him in the mosque, and when he came out, Shabib took the sword in front of him, and he fell, may Allah be pleased with him and satisfy him.

Related Question 

Who assumed Khilafah after the killing of Ali bin Abi Talib?

After the killing of al imam ali ibn abi talib, the pledge of allegiance to Al-Hassan bin Ali, the Commander of the Faithful, took place, and his succession was a true, rightly-guided caliphate.

Because its period of rule was a continuation of the period of the caliphate that the Messenger, may Allah bless him and his family, told about, and that its duration is 30 years, then it becomes king.

Al-Hassan bin Ali bin Abi Talib is the grandson of the Prophet of Allah and his grandson, and he is the man who wrote about the history of the Islamic nation.

The positions of reform that preserved and spared the blood of Muslims from being wasted by relinquishing the caliphate to Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, may Allah have mercy on him.

Al-Hassan, may Allah be pleased with him, was given a general pledge of allegiance, and he began his work as a caliph, appointing princes, arranging workers, distributing gifts, enlisting soldiers, and also increasing the amount of giving in combat by 100%.

He won the approval of those around him, and Al-Hassan bin Ali was able to start a war against Muawiyah. 

He was distinguished by a distinguished personality in political, military, religious, and moral terms that helped him to do so, with the presence of other incentives, such as the presence of some Muslim leaders with great leadership capabilities.

To summarise, ali ben abi talib is one of the great figures of Islam, one of the rightly-guided caliphs who left an imprint on the Islamic religion. 

Imam ali ibn abi talib was famous for his courage and valor, and sayyidina ali ibn abi talib

also witnessed many conquests with the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.